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Biomimicry: science of nature inspires design of high-tech performance apparel

  • SUMMARY
  • INTRODUCTION TO BIOMIMICRY
  • DEVELOPMENT OF BIOMIMICRY
    • Table Appraisals of biomimicry
  • USING NATURE AS A GUIDE TO SOLVING PROBLEMS
    • Biomimicry in performance apparel
  • FUNCTIONAL FEATURES INCORPORATED IN PERFORMANCE APPAREL WHICH ARE REPLICATED FROM NATURE
    • Table Living organisms and natural materials and the functions they have inspired in performance apparel
    • Antimicrobial efficacy
      • Chitosan
    • Shark skin
    • Bioluminescence
    • Camouflage
    • Drag reduction
    • Dry adhesion
    • Burdock plant
    • Gecko feet
    • High strength
      • Limpet teeth
    • Spider silk
    • Moisture management
      • Pine cone effect
    • Xylem conduits
    • Self-repair
    • Thermal insulation
    • Bird feathers
    • Polar bear hairs
    • Vivid coloration
    • Morphotex
    • Bastard hogberry
    • Water repellency
    • Examples of textile technologies and materials based on the lotus effect
    • Superhydrophobic material modelled on nasturtium leaves and morpho butterfly wings
    • Fabric modelled on the microstructures of aquatic bird feathers
  • BIOMIMICRY AND SUSTAINABILITY
  • OUTLOOK

Biomimicry: science of nature inspires design of high-tech performance apparel


Biomimicry - often referred to as biomimetics - can be defined as the study of designs, models and systems in nature for the purpose of imitating and adapting them or gaining inspiration from them to create practical solutions to everyday problems. Animals, insects, plants and other living organisms have evolved over billions of years in order to survive and adapt in dynamic environments, and many natural adaptations have proved to be more effective than man-made solutions. Biomimicry has been exploited in the creation of performance apparel fabrics with a wide variety of functional properties, including antimicrobial efficacy, camouflage, drag reduction, dry adhesion, thermal insulation and water repellency. Also, biomimicry has been used to develop processes for imparting properties using materials, methods and technologies which are more environmentally friendly than those used conventionally. This report provides an introduction to biomimicry and its importance to the development of functional performance apparel. Also, it includes case studies of materials and performance apparel products which have functional features replicated from nature. Furthermore, the report discusses the topics of biomimicry and sustainability, and provides an outlook for the future.


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