Urban Populations: Exploring the challenges and opportunities of aging, declining, and rapidly-growing populations
World’s aging society is an unavoidable occurrence that governments and businesses need to address. Healthcare and technology will prove to be the most important sectors for supporting the aging population. People within this age cohort will generally have high disposable incomes and are likely to be willing to spend a large proportion of their income on maintaining their autonomy. For this reason, healthcare and technological innovations which maintain health and mobility are likely to be in high demand and represent a valuable growth opportunity.
By 2025, there will be 41 megacities globally; 34 of these cities are not currently considered to be in the developed world. These megacities will prove to be vast and diverse markets and therefore each city should be treated as its own discrete opportunity. Understanding these markets will prove hugely beneficial as the developing world continues to experience fast growth and rising incomes.
Many countries have realized that the aging population is a challenge which needs to be tackled. China’s recent Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) highlighted the issue and stated the country is lacking a comprehensive and continuous service system to meet the elderly’s health needs. In Shanghai, the over 65 population will exceed 2.7 Million by 2025; urban areas where a large share of the population are elderly will demand such services to care for this age cohort.0
A combination of factors have caused the world’s population to age; advancements in medical care have increased life expectancy, while fertility rates have generally lowered due to economic and social influences. An increasingly aging population creates a large economic burden for cities around the world due to a rising dependency ratio, greater reliance on health care services and lower overall expenditure.
At the same time, some cities are experiencing declining populations for reasons such as persistently low fertility rates and migration outflows due to an economic downturn. Declining urban populations pose a significant challenge, as the workforce shrinks economic growth may decline and fewer well-educated workers within the city reduces the quantity of high quality human capital required to increase productivity.
The report Urban Populations: Exploring the challenges and opportunities of aging, declining, and rapidly-growing populations, is analytical report discusses the current trends related to urban populations, including the changing dynamics of said populations as well as the challenges and opportunities which have arisen as a result.
Companies mentioned in this report: Fitbit, International WELL Building Institute, Transport for London (TfL), Tibco.
Reasons to buy
- Technological integration into everyday life could prove hugely beneficial for aging demographics and society as a whole. Advancements which improve the health and mobility of an aging society will decrease dependence on public health services. Meanwhile, incentivizing companies to hire older workers can also keep this age cohort more active and maintain consumption expenditure levels within the local economy.
- A declining workforce implies an economic contraction as output falls. However, innovations mean that such cities could experience a fast recovery: in one particular city, low property rents and labor costs have created a thriving technology-focused start-up scene.
- ‘Big data’ and the smart city movement will prove crucial if the world’s metropolises are to achieve maximum efficiency and sustainability. Demand for ‘green’ buildings that promote sustainability and well-being is set to rise significantly as the awareness of pollution levels grows.
- Cities are large and varied markets with a plethora of opportunities for businesses. However, a number of trends are changing the face of the urban demographic; a prime example is the world’s aging society, an issue which needs to be addressed by governments and businesses around the world.
- Through the use of data and analytics 'Urban Populations' provides insight into the current trends effecting cities and their citizens. By analyzing the changes in the urban landscape and clearly indicating the challenges and opportunities that have arisen as a result, this report provides a high level of clarity in order to aid business decisions.
- Executive summary
- Section 1: Aging populations
- Section 1, Public finances and the economy
- Section 1, Age friendly communities
- Section 1, Case study: Tokyo, Japan
- Section 2: Declining populations
- Section 2, Economic and social factors
- Section 2, Declining populations opportunities
- Section 2, Case study: Athens, Greece
- Section 3: Overpopulation
- Section 3, Megacities
- Section 3, Urbanization and population growth
- Section 3, Sustainability of cities
- Section 3, Case study: London, United Kingdom
- Section 4: Key findings and recommendations
- Section 4, Decode the future
- Reference list
- Acronyms and definitions
- About the author
- Contact information
- List of Tabless
- Exhibit 1: Fukuyama: Household expenditure (% of GDP) and percentage of population over the age of 65
- Exhibit 2: Osaka: Age demographic as a percentage of total population
- Exhibit 3: Japan: Population (million)
- Exhibit 4: Lisbon and Athens: Population growth
- Exhibit 5: Average price of a square meter of property 2016 (£)
- Exhibit 6: Athens: 65 and over as a percentage of total population and unemployment rate
- Exhibit 7: Annual mean, PM10 μg/m3
- Exhibit 8: Gross square meters (million) of LEED certified space as of December 2016
- List of Figures
- Exhibit 1: Fukuyama: Household expenditure (% of GDP) and percentage of population over the age of 65 7
- Exhibit 2: Osaka: Age demographic as a percentage of total population 8
- Exhibit 3: Japan: Population (million) 9
- Exhibit 4: Lisbon and Athens: Population growth 11
- Exhibit 5: Average price of a square meter of property 2016 (£) 12
- Exhibit 6: Athens: 65 and over as a percentage of total population and unemployment rate 13
- Exhibit 7: Annual mean, PM10 μg/m3 16
- Exhibit 8: Gross square meters (million) of LEED certified space as of December 2016 18