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The European Market for Plastic Sorting and Recycling

The European Market for Plastic Sorting and Recycling (Analyst Version)

The demand for plastic recycling plants in Europe will increase significantly in the years to come: by 2025, sorting and recycling plants with an estimated capacity of 5.2 million tons will be commissioned. This is a growth of 25% and the number of plants will increase by about 300.

Today, Europe has almost 1,200 active plastic sorting and recycling plants. However, this portfolio will not be large enough as recycling becomes increasingly important.

The EU Waste Framework Directive will be the main market driver. By 2020, 50% of the plastic in MSW have to undergo material recovery. Almost no EU member state has yet reached this goal, which creates financial challenges for many countries.

South Europe has the largest market potential: France, Spain and Italy are three populous states with a lot of catching up to do.

Many European waste management systems that are considered as more advanced also do not yet reach MSW recycling quotas complying with the targets. This holds e.g. true for the Netherlands, Denmark, Austria, Sweden and Norway. These states have to withdraw plastic wastes from thermal recovery in order to increase their recycling quotas.

Many countries increase their sorting capacities by expanding or building additional plants at already existing sites. Against this backdrop, ecoprog has analysed the plastic sorting and recycling plants throughout Europe and developed a market forecast on the basis of a transparent methodology.

The Analyst Version of the study “The European Market for Plastic Sorting and Recycling” includes:

  • A valid estimation of the future market development by country, based on a transparent
  • methodology.
  • A competition analysis of the most important operators of sorting and recycling capacities in the
  • European market.
  • An overview of the most important plant technology and the cost dimensions within the plastic
  • recycling industry.
  • A sound explanation of the European legal framework.


1 Definitions
1.1 Plastic sorting and recycling in the waste management system
1.2 Differentiation within the value of plastic sorting and recycling
1.3 Geographical differentiation
2 Plant technology
2.1 Delivery/transport
2.2 Sorting
2.3 Shredding and cleaning
2.4 Completion of end products
3 Costs and revenues
3.1 Investment costs
3.2 Operational costs
3.3 Revenues
4 Legal framework and market conditions
4.1 Waste Framework Directive
4.2 Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive
4.3 Landfill Directive
4.4 Waste collection and separate collection
4.5 Competition by other types of disposal
4.6 EU waste legislation for after 2020
4.7 Development of plastic waste and recyclate prices
5 Plants and market
5.1 Plants
5.2 Market
6 Competition
6.1 Operators
6.2 Technology providers
7 National markets and plant sites
7.1 Austria
7.2 Belgium
7.3 Bulgaria
7.4 Croatia
7.5 Cyprus
7.6 Czech Republic
7.7 Denmark
7.8 Estonia
7.9 Finland
7.10 France
7.11 Germany
7.12 Greece
7.13 Hungary
7.14 Ireland
7.15 Italy
7.16 Latvia
7.17 Lithuania
7.18 Luxembourg
7.19 Malta
7.20 Netherlands
7.21 Norway
7.22 Poland
7.23 Portugal
7.24 Romania
7.25 Slovakia
7.26 Slovenia
7.27 Spain
7.28 Sweden
7.29 Switzerland
7.30 UK
Data sources and methodology
Glossary
Register technology providers
Figures
Figure 1: Plastics and Recycling-Codes
Figure 2: ecoprog-waste matrix
Figure 3: Value-added chain plastic recycling
Figure 4: Area under investigation
Figure 5: Scheme of a plastic recycling facility
Figure 6: Sorting technologies for plastic waste
Figure 7: Shredding
Figure 8: Shredding and Cleaning technologies
Figure 9: Common recyclate in plastic recycling facilites
Figure 10: Cost examples of plastic sorting plants in Europe
Figure 11: Operational costs of plant examples
Figure 12: Prices for pre-sorted plastic waste in Germany
Figure 13: Income structure examples for plastic recycling plants
Figure 14: Price development for secondary plastic raw materials in Germany
Figure 15: Development of the waste framework directive
Figure 16: Waste hierarchy in the EU
Figure 17: Material Recycling of Municipal Solid Waste in Europe 2013
Figure 18: Development of the EU-Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive
Figure 19: Material Recycling of plastic packaging waste in Europe in 2012
Figure 20: Development of the Landfill directive
Figure 21: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Europe
Figure 22: Reduction of landfilled biodegradable waste (third term)
Figure 23: Landfill Directive deadlines and reductions for complying with the 3rd deadline
Figure 24: Instruments for reducing landfilling in the EEA
Figure 25: Separate collection types in Europe
Figure 26: Separate collection schemes in Europe
Figure 27: Main separate collection systems in Europe
Figure 28: Value added chain plastic recycling for Polyethylen
Figure 29: Oil price development 2011-2015
Figure 30: Price development primary plastics in Germany
Figure 31: Prices for pre-sorted plastic waste in Germany
Figure 32: Plastic recyclate prices in Germany
Figure 33: Plastic sorting plants and capacities in Europe
Figure 34: Average plant size per region
Figure 35: The 6 most important countries for plastic sorting and recycling in Europe
Figure 36: Average plant size in relation to input source
Figure 37: Plants per region and input type
Figure 38: Final products of the European sorting plants per input material
Figure 39: Material Recycling of MSW and plastic packaging waste in Europa
Figure 40: Plastic sorting and recycling plants with capacities in Europe
Figure 41: Material recycling of MSW and plastic packaging waste on country level
Figure 42: Plastic waste share in MSW in European countries
Figure 43: Market potential in Europe
Figure 44: ecoprog market development index plastic recycling
Figure 45: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Europe
Figure 46: Most important operators of plastic recycling plants in Europe
Figure 47: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Austria
Figure 48: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Austria
Figure 49: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Belgium
Figure 50: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Belgium
Figure 51: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Bulgaria
Figure 52: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Bulgaria
Figure 53: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Croatia
Figure 54: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Cyprus
Figure 55: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Cyprus
Figure 56: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Czech Republic
Figure 57: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Czech Republic
Figure 58: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Denmark
Figure 59: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Denmark
Figure 60: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Germany
Figure 61: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Germany
Figure 62: Project outlook Germany
Figure 63: Competiton Germany
Figure 64: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Estonia
Figure 65: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Estonia
Figure 66: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Finland
Figure 67: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Finland
Figure 68: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in France
Figure 69: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in France
Figure 70: Competition France
Figure 71: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Greece
Figure 72: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Greece
Figure 73: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Hungary
Figure 74: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Hungary
Figure 75: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Ireland
Figure 76: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Ireland
Figure 77: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Italy
Figure 78: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Italy
Figure 79: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Latvia
Figure 80: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Latvia
Figure 81: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Lithuania
Figure 82: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Lithuania
Figure 83: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Luxembourg
Figure 84: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Luxembourg
Figure 85: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Malta
Figure 86: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Malta
Figure 87: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in the Netherlands
Figure 88: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in the Netherlands
Figure 89: Project outlook Netherlands
Figure 90: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Norway
Figure 91: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Norway
Figure 92: Project outlook Norway
Figure 93: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Poland
Figure 94: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Poland
Figure 95: Plants and Sizes in Poland
Figure 96: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Portugal
Figure 97: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Portugal
Figure 98: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Romania
Figure 99: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Romania
Figure 100: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Slovakia
Figure 101: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Slovakia
Figure 102: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Slovenia
Figure 103: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Slovenia
Figure 104: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Sweden
Figure 105: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Sweden
Figure 106: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Switzerland
Figure 107: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Spain
Figure 108: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Spain
Figure 109: Plants and input types in Spain
Figure 110: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in UK
Figure 111: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in UK
Figure 112: Average waste inputs in MRFs in UK
Figure 113: Project outlook United Kingdom
Figure 114: Competition in United Kingdom
Figure 115: Calculation of the ecoprog Market Index

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