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Smart Grid Cognitive ICT - Technologies, Standards, Markets

Smart Grid Cognitive ICT - Technologies, Standards, Markets

This report addresses trends in the development advanced Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) for the Smart Grid (SG). In particular, it is concentrating on wireless cognitive ICT (WCICT) that have been recently standardized with SG applications in mind and which allow to significantly improve SG functionalities.

The report surveys activities of major industry organizations in the area of the SG ICT development. It also addresses technological and marketing analysis of SG ICT, including Smart Meters. The detailed analysis of the SG ICT industry profiles leading manufacturers.

Three technologies and their respective markets, applications, benefits and limitations are detailed. They are:

  • IEEE802.15.4g
  • IEEE802.11af, and
  • IEEE802.22.
The last two technologies belong to a class of cognitive technologies based on utilization TVWS (TV White Spaces). In connection with this, the report addresses advances that cognitive spectrum utilization is bringing to SG users.

The report also provides a survey of patents related to the discussed technologies.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the ICT development for SG and will help them to better understand benefits of cognitive systems when they apply to the SG.


1.0 Introduction
1.1 General
1.2 Issues: Existing Infrastructure
1.3 Smart Grid Definition
1.4 Vision
1.5 Users
1.6 Tasks and Benefits
1.7 Global Efforts
1.7.1 U.S.
1.7.2 Major Developments: Statistics
1.8 England
1.9 Italy
1.10 China
1.11 Statistics
1.12 Scope
1.13 Research Methodology
1.14 Target Audience
2.0 SG ICT Industry Activities: Survey
2.1 Efforts
2.2 Structure
2.2.1 Layers
2.3 Requirements: SG Networking
2.3.1 View
2.4 Industry and User Groups
2.4.1 ETSI
2.4.1.1 Open SG Protocols (OSGP)
2.4.2 IEEE
2.4.3 ITU
2.4.4 Smart Networks Council (SNC)
2.4.5 U-SNAP Alliance
2.4.5.1 Specification and HAN
2.4.5.2 Further Development
2.4.6 ESMIG
2.4.7 Demand Response and Smart Grid Coalition (DRSG)
2.4.8 EPRI (Electrical Power Research Institute)
2.4.9 ZigBee and Wi-Fi Alliances
2.4.10 NIST
2.4.11 Open Smart Grid Users Group (OSGUG)
2.4.12 OpenADR
2.4.13 Comments
3.0 SG ICT Objectives
3.1 Functions and Infrastructure
3.2 Stage
3.3 Major Aspects
3.4 Choices
3.5 Summary: Drivers and Issues
4.0 Smart Meters
4.1 Goal
4.2 Details
4.3 Functions
4.4 Components
4.4.1 Communications
4.5 Security
5.0 Market and Industry
5.1 Market Drivers
5.2 Reality
5.3 Market Projections: Smart Meters
5.3.1 Global Picture
5.3.2 U.S.
5.4 Smart Grid ICT- Market Estimate
5.4.1 Directions
5.5 Industry
5.5.1 Characteristics
5.5.2 Portfolios and Specifics
Alcatel-Lucent
Aclara (Software and Systems, BPL)
Aeris (Wireless Network Provider: AMI/AMR)
Advanced Communications Networks (SG ICT Equipment)
Analog Devices (RF Transceivers)
AT&T/SmartSynch (Network Services)
BPL Global (Software Platform)
Carlson Wireless (Radio Platforms)
Current Group (Systems, Sensors)
Cisco (IP-based Infrastructure, hardware)
GE (Hardware and Software-Smart Meters)
GridPoint (Platform)
Grid Net (Network Management Software)
Itron (Intelligent Metering)
Elster (AMI, AMR)
Oracle (Software)
Landis+Gyr (Metering Devices)
Sensus Metering Systems (Data Collection and Metering)
Silver Spring Networks (Networking)
Siemens (Software)
Spinwave (Building Control, HAN)
Tantalus (Networking and Devices)
Tendril (System)
TransData (Wireless AMI/AMR Meter)
Trilliant (Intelligent Metering)
6.0 SG ICT: Standardization – Towards Cognitive Radio
6.1 Overview
6.2 IEEE-802.15.4g-Smart Utility Networks
6.2.1 General
6.2.2 Purpose
6.2.3 Need
6.2.4 Value
6.2.5 Overview - PHY
6.2.6 Regions
6.2.7 Frequencies Allocations
6.2.8 Details
6.2.8.1 Requirements and Major Characteristics
6.2.8.2 Considerations
6.2.8.3 Network Specifics
6.2.8.4 PHY/MAC Modifications
6.2.9 Market
6.2.10 Wi-SUN
6.2.10.1 Specification
6.2.11 Summary
6.2.12 Examples: Manufacturers
Accent
Analog Devices
Elster
Semtech
TI
6.3 Spectrum-adaptive Technologies and SG Standards
6.3.1 Rational
6.3.2 Roots
6.3.3 FCC Activity
6.3.3.1 Decision
6.3.3.2 Devices
6.3.3.3 Clarifications
6.3.3.4 Sensing
6.3.4 SG ICT Cognitive Structures
6.3.5 IEEE 802.11af
6.3.5.1 White Spaces and SG ICT
6.3.5.2 General: Expectations – Wi-Fi on Steroids
6.3.5.3 Differences
6.3.5.4 Benefits
6.3.5.5 Principles
6.3.5.6 Building Blocks
6.3.5.7 PHY
6.3.5.8 Prototyping and Trials - 2015
6.3.5.9 Summary
6.3.6 IEEE 802.22
6.3.6.1 General
6.3.6.2 WG 802.22 and FCC
6.3.6.3 Overview
6.3.6.4 Physical Layer – Major Characteristics
6.3.6.4.1 Frames
6.3.6.5 Cognitive Functions and MAC
6.3.6.6 Summary-IEEE802.22
6.3.6.7 802.22 and Smart Grid
6.3.6.8 Usage Models
6.3.6.9 Benefits
6.3.7 IEEE 802.24
7.0 Conclusions
Appendix I: IEEE802.15.4g Characteristics
Appendix II: Regulations - TVWS
Appendix III Patents Survey
IEEE802.15.4g
IEEE802.11af
IEEE802.22
Tables and Figures
Figure 1: Smart Grid Structure
Figure 2: U.S. SG – NIST Conceptual Model
Figure 3: U.S. – Smart Meters Installed (Mil)
Figure 4: Major Organizations
Figure 5: Smart Grid and ICT
Figure 6: Smart Grid – Layered Structure
Figure 7: Layered Hierarchy – SG/ICT Standards
Figure 8: Illustration
Figure 9: SG - ICT Infrastructure
Figure 10: Smart Grid Connectivity
Figure 11: Global: Smart Meters Market Revenue Projections ($B)
Figure 12: Projections of SM Demand – Global (Mil.)
Figure 13: Smart Meters Penetration – U.S. (2013)
Figure 14: Projections: SG Technologies Revenue – Global ($B)
Figure 15: TAM: Global Smart Grid ICT ($B)
Figure 16: SUN Place
Figure 17: TAM: Global SG Networking ($B)
Figure 18: TAM: Global SG SUN (IEEE802.15.4g) ($B)
Figure 19: Spectrum Usage Measurements (from NSF Spectrum Occupancy Measurements Project Summary, 2005)
Figure 20: TVWS Channels: U.S.
Figure 21: Cognitive-based Smart Grid
Figure 22: CR HAN
Figure 23: CR NAN
Figure 24: Comparison - WRANs
Figure 25: IEEE 802.22 Network
Table 1: Differences
Table 2: Statistics (2012)
Table 3: SG Related Standards: Examples
Table 4: SG ICT Market Components
Table 5: TV Channels: WS Frequencies Allowed by FCC
Table 6: Major Characteristics: IEEE 802.22

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