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Royalty Rates for Technology, 5th Edition

25% More Data Than The Previous Edition...

Royalty Rates for Technology reports all available compensation terms for the license agreements we discovered. We report fixed royalty rates, per unit royalties, scaled royalty rates, and license fees. For each transaction in this book we report:

  • A description of the licensed technology
  • Compensation terms including royalty rates and license fees
  • Identity of the licensor and licensee
  • For many deals, we also discuss the markets for and benefits of the licensed technology
  • In addition to royalty rates from real deals, we provide:
Royalty Rate Derivation Models, showing different methods for calculating appropriate royalty rates.

Royalty Audit advice to assure compliance with license agreements and the accurate collection of royalty payments.

Real Deal Royalty Rates

This fifth edition of Royalty Rates for Technology contains more information about technology pricing than in any other publication. This book represents nearly two decades of research. Included in these pages you will find information about technology royalty rates, license fees and milestone payments. Also reported is information about infringement damage awards and settlements.

Royalty Rates for Technology contains royalty rate information for the following industries:
  • Aeronautics & Defense Agriculture
  • Automotive
  • Chemical
  • Communications
  • Computer Hardware
  • Computer Software
  • Construction
  • Electrical & Energy Electronics
  • Franchises
  • Food & Beverage
  • Entertainment
  • Glass
  • Household Products
  • Internet
  • Mechanical
  • Medical
  • Photography
  • Semiconductors
  • Sports
  • Toys
  • Waste Recycling
This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information about the subject matter covered. All of the information in this report has been obtained from reputable and reliable sources and is therefore believed to be accurate. The publisher accepts no responsibility for any damages that any party may experience from relying on the information presented herein.


PREFACE
ROYALTY RATE DERIVATION MODELS
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY & INTANGIBLE ASSETS DRIVE ACQUISITIONS AND DEALS
BUSINESS ENTERPRISE FRAMEWORK
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY SHARING IS VITAL
BEYOND COMMODITY EARNINGS
DRIVING FORCES BEHIND ROYALTY RATES
SIMPLE RULES OF THUMB
The "25%" Rule
Industry Norms
Return on R&D Costs
The 5% of Sales Method
INFRINGEMENT DAMAGES ANALYSIS
The Analytical Approach
Hypothetical Example
Comparable License Transactions
Comparative Analysis Summarized
INVESTMENT RATE OF RETURN ANALYSIS
DISCOUNTED CASH FLOW ANALYSIS
ROYALTY RATE GENERAL GUIDANCE
LICENSE TRANSACTIONS AND ROYALTY RATES
AERONAUTICS & DEFENSE
AVIONICS
COLLISION AVOIDANCE
FIGHTER TECHNOLOGY
FIGHTER TECHNOLOGY
GUIDANCE AIRCRAFT
GYROPLANE
INSTRUMENTATION
JET ENGINE SOUND REDUCTION
NUCLEAR WEAPONS DETECTION
SEALANT
TORQUE TUBE JOINT
SATELLITE TECHNOLOGY
UNMANNED AIR VEHICLES
WINDOW SHADING
AGRICULTURAL
BT TECHNOLOGY
GROWTH FACTORS
LETTUCE AND MELONS
OILSEED GENE MODIFICATIONS
SOYBEAN BIOTECHNOLOGY
TREE CLONAL MATERIALS
AUTOMOTIVE
AIRBAG
AIR CONDITIONING
AIR CONDITIONING
AUTOMOBILE MODEL
Royalty Rates for Technology – 5th Edition
BATTERY TERMINALS
BATTERY/HYDRIDE
BRAKE, CLUTCH AND ACCELERATOR PEDAL TECHNOLOGY
BRAKES
BRAKE FLUID
CLEAR COATING
CLIMATE CONTROL SENSOR
COLLISION AVOIDANCE – BACKING-UP
COLLISION AVOIDANCE -- ELECTRONIC CAR DOOR SAFETY
COLLISION AVOIDANCE - LANE TRACKING SYSTEM
COLLISION AVOIDANCE - OBSTACLE DETECTION AND ALARM
COLLISION AVOIDANCE -- OBSTACLE DETECTION AND ALARM
DE-ICING
DIESEL ENGINES
DIESEL ENGINES
DIESEL ENGINES
DIESEL ENGINES
DIESEL ENGINE EFFICIENCY
DIESEL ENGINE EFFICIENCY
DIESEL ENGINE CONVERSION
DIESEL ENGINE EFFICIENCY
DIESEL ENGINES
ELECTRICAL PROPULSION
EMISSION CONTROLS
ENGINES AND TRANSAXLES
FUEL CONVERSION
FUEL INJECTION
FUEL INJECTION
FUEL TANK
GLASS - WATER DETECTION
HEADLIGHT SENSORS
HEAT DETECTION
HYBRID ENGINE
JET SKI
MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES
MIRROR/ELECTROCHROMIC TECHNOLOGY
MIRROR OPTICS
MIRROR OPTICS
MIRROR OPTICS
OIL FILTRATION
REFRIGERATED RAILCARS
ROTAPOWER ENGINE
SUN VISORS – AUTOMATICALLY DIMMING
SOLAR POSITION SENSOR
STOLEN VEHICLE RECOVERY SYSTEM
STOLEN VEHICLE RECOVERY SYSTEM
TIRE TECHNOLOGY
UTILITY VEHICLE
WINDSHIELD SPRAY NOZZLES
WINDSHIELD WIPERS/INTERMITTENT
WRECKERS
CHEMICAL
AMORPHOUS ALLOYS
CAPILLARY SURFACE MATERIALS
FIRE RETARDANT COATING
FIRE RETARDANT
FIRE RETARDANT
FIRE RETARDANT
FIRE RETARDANT AND NUCLEAR WASTE CLEANING
FUEL ENHANCEMENT
HYDROGEN REACTOR
INK
METAL CLEAR COAT
METAL FILM COATING
METAL SURFACE COATING
MIRROR COATING
NANOMATERIALS
OIL PROCESS
ORGANIC FERTILIZER
PAINT
PAINT
PAINTS AND COATINGS – RADIATION RESISTANCE
PHOTOCHEMCIAL PROCESS
PHOTOSENSITIVE MATERIALS
PLASTICS/BIODEGRADABLE
PLASTICS/BIODEGRADABLE
PLASTICS/BIODEGRADABLE
PLASTIC INGREDIENT
PLASTIC/POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE (PET) CONTAINER PROCESS
PLASTIC POLYMERS
PETROLEUM REFINING
PETROLEUM REFINING
POLISHING
POLYVINYL CHLORIDE PIPE
PRECURSOR POLYMERS
SERVICE MODIFICATION
TITANIUM CHEMISTRY
WATER RESISTANT COATING
COMMUNICATIONS
ACOUSTICS
ANTENNA
BROADBAND
BROADBAND
BROADBAND
CABLE TRANSMISSION STANDARDS
CABLE TRANSMISSION STANDARDS
CELLULAR PHONE DOCKING STATION
CELLULAR PHONE DOCKING STATION
CELLULAR TELEPHONE TECHNOLOGY
CELLULAR TELEPHONE TECHNOLOGY
CELLULAR TECHNOLOGY
CELLULAR TECHNOLOGY
CELLULAR 3G TECHNOLOGY
CELLULAR CDMA TECHNOLOGY
CELLULAR CDMA TECHNOLOGY
CELLULAR CDMA AND WCDMA TECHNOLOGY
CELLULAR DATA TRANSMISSION
DIRECTED PARAMETRIC SOUND
EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS
ENCRYPTION
Royalty Rates for Technology – 5th Edition
E-RETAILING
I-PHONE AND I-PAD PATENTS
INTERNET SOFTWARE
LTE
LONG DISTANCE CALLING FEATURES
NETWORK ACCESS
NETWORK SOLUTIONS
PREPAID CALLING CARDS
SMART PHONES
SOFTWARE
SPEECH COMPRESSION STANDARDS
TELECOMMUNICATIONS ACCESS DEVICES
TELEVISION TRANSMISSION
TIVO TECHNOLOGY
TRANSCEIVER INTEGRATED CIRCUIT
VIDEOCONFERENCING – PORTABLE
VOICE MAIL
VOICE MAIL
VOICE OVER THE INTERNET (VOIP)
VOICE OVER THE INTERNET (VOIP)
VOICE OVER THE INTERNET (VOIP)
VOICE OVER THE INTERNET (VOIP)
VONAGE – INTERNET PHONE SERVICE
VONAGE – INTERNET PHONE SERVICE
COMPUTER HARDWARE
1394 SPECIFICATION
1394A SPECIFICATIONS
ACER PERSONAL COMPUTING
AST PERSONAL COMPUTING
COMMUNICATIONS
CRAY SUPERCOMPUTER ELECTRONIC CONNECTORS
COMPACT DISKS AND DVDS
COMPACT DISKS
DATA STORAGE
DATA STORAGE
DATA STORAGE
DATA STORAGE
DATA STORAGE
ENTERPRISE APPLICATION INTEGRATION MIDDLE-WARE
GRAPHICS
IBM PS/2
INFORMATION SECURITY
MACINTOSH
MECHANICAL FANS
MODEMS
MODEMS
RECORDABLE DISKS
SMART CONNECTOR
SOUND
TABLET
TELESCOPES - COMPUTERIZED
TRACKING
COMPUTER SOFTWARE
ADAPTIVE RECOGNITION TECHNOLOGY
Royalty Rates for Technology – 5th Edition
12
APPLE – COMPUTER SCREEN SYMBOLS
APPLE – NEWTON PDA
APPLICATION INTEGRATION
APPLICATION SERVICE PROVIDER
AUTODESK'S AUTOCAD RELEASE 12
BAR CODE
BAR CODE APPLICATION
CHARACTER RECOGNITION AND FRAUD PROTECTION
COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN
CONSTRUCTION SOFTWARE
DATABASE
DATABASE PROCESSING
DEBT COLLECTION
DECOMPRESSION TECHNOLOGY
DIAGNOSTIC
DISK COMPRESSION
DISTRIBUTED MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENT (DME) 1.0 TECHNOLOGY
DOCUMENT EXCHANGE SECURITY
DOCUMENT MANAGEMENT
DOCTARR SOFTWARE
DOS – OPERATING SYSTEM
EDUCATIONAL
EDUCATIONAL
EDUCATIONAL
EMAIL AND WEB CYBER SECURITY
ENCRYPTION SECURITY
ENCRYPTION SECURITY
FACTORY CONTROLS
FINANCIAL – QUICKEN SOFTWARE
FRONT END IMAGING SOFTWARE
GAMES
GAMES
GAMES
GOVERNANCE, RISK AND COMPLIANCE
GRAPHICS INTERCHANGE FORMAT
IPHONE 2.0 APPLICATIONS
INTEGRATION
INTELLIGENT SOFTWARE SOLUTIONS
INTERACTIVE TECHNOLOGY
INTRUSION SECURITY
MAINFRAME
MAC OPERATING SYSTEM AND RHAPSODY
MEDICAL IMAGING
MEDICAL IMAGE MANAGEMENT
MEDICAL INFORMATION MANAGEMENT
MICROSOFT WORD
MULTI-USER TECHNOLOGY
NETWORKING
OPERATING SOFTWARE
PHOENIX TECHNOLOGIES BIOS
PROFESSIONAL PRACTICES MANAGEMENT
SECURITY
SECURITY - FINGERPRINTS
SPEECH COMPRESSION
SPOKEN WORD AUDIO BUSINESS MODEL
SPREADSHEET
Royalty Rates for Technology – 5th Edition
SPREADSHEET
TEXT TO SPEECH TECHNOLOGY
THREE-DIMENSIONAL VISUALIZATION
TOOLS – DISTRIBUTION RIGHTS
UNIX OPERATING SYSTEM
VIRTUAL REALITY - QUICKTIME
YEAR 2000 SOFTWARE
WIRELESS RADIO COMPUTER NOTEBOOK CONTROL
WORD PROCESSING AND OFFICE SUITE SOFTWARE
CONSTRUCTION
PAVEMENT TEXTURE
PIPE REHABILITATION
PLASTIC LUMBER
ELECTRICAL AND ENERGY
AMORPHOUS METAL TRANSFORMERS
BATTERY
BATTERY
BATTERY CHARGER
CABLE REHABILITATION
CABLE - TRANSMISSION
ELECTROCONVERSION CELL
EPOD ELECTRICAL GRID-TIE INVERTER
GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
HYDRO-AIR RENEWABLE POWER SYSTEM
LIGHTING
LIGHTING
LIGHTING
NUCLEAR POWER PIPE REPAIRS
PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR PRODUCTS
PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR PRODUCTS
POWER CONVERSION
SUN TRACKING SOLAR POWER SYSTEM
TURBINE NOISE CANCELLATION TECHNOLOGY
ULTRA CAPACITOR TECHNOLOGY
TURBINE NOISE CANCELLATION TECHNOLOGY
ZINC AIR FUEL CELL
ELECTRONICS
ADVERTISING SIGN
AIRBORNE TV ANTENNA
AUDIO
AUDIO
BAR CODE TECHNOLOGY
BATTERIES
BATTERIES
BATTERIES
BATTERIES
BATTERIES
BIO-ELECTROMAGNETICS
CAPACITOR
CD-R TECHNOLOGY
CONTROLS
DIGITAL VIDEO BROADCAST TERRESTRIAL
DVD TECHNOLOGY AND 4C POOL BACKGROUND
DVD
DVD
DVD
DVD
FIBER OPTICS
FIBER OPTICS
FIBER OPTIC DISPLAY
FIBER OPTIC SIGNS
FLAT PANEL DISPLAYS
FLAT PANEL DISPLAYS
FLAT PANEL DISPLAYS
HD OPTICAL TECHNOLOGY
LASERS
LASERS
LASERS
LASERS
LIQUID CRYSTAL TECHNOLOGY
MACHINE VISION
MEDIA MANAGEMENT
NOISE CANCELLATION
POWER SYSTEM
REMOTE CONTROLS
REMOTE METERS
REMOTE MONITORING
SECURITY – FACE RECOGNITION
SECURITY – EXPLOSIVES RECOGNITION
SEGA GAME CONSOLE
SIMULATION THEATER ATTRACTIONS
TELEVISION/HIGH DEFINITION
TEST DEVICES
VIDEO GAME
VIDEO TAPE RECORDERS
VOLTAGE CONVERTER
ENTERTAINMENT
3DO ELECTRONIC GAMES
BINGO
COMPUTER SOFTWARE SEARCH
FILM
GAMBLING DEVICE
GAMBLING DEVICE
GAMBLING DEVICE
GAMING DEVICE
GAMING/BINGO
NINTENDO
SOUND TECHNOLOGY
TELEVISION PROGRAMMING - INDIVIDUALIZED
THEATERS
THEATERS
FOOD & BEVERAGE
BEVERAGES
DAIRY PRODUCTS
EGGS
HEALTHY FOOD
PACKAGING – BEVERAGE CONTAINER
Royalty Rates for Technology – 5th Edition
PACKAGING
PACKAGING
PACKAGING
TOBACCO
VENDING FRENCH FRIES
WATER
WATER
WATER
WATER
FRANCHISE
BATTERY
DINING CARD
EDUCATION
FOOD
FOOD
FURNITURE
HEALTHCARE
MUFFLER SHOP
OIL CHANGE SERVICE
RESTORATION – BATHROOMS AND KITCHENS
WATER
FUEL - RENEWABLE
AQUEOUS FUEL
BIOFUEL FEEDSTOCK
BIODIESEL FUEL
BIODIESEL FUEL
CORN OIL EXTRACTION N TECHNOLOGY
CORN EXTRACTION TECHNOLOGY
ETHANOL FUEL
ETHANOL FUEL
ETHANOL FUEL
ETHANOL FUEL
ETHANOL FUEL
ETHANOL FROM COTTON GIN WASTE
ETHANOL FUEL FROM MUNICIPAL WASTE
SYNGAS
GLASS
ENGRAVING
RECYCLING
TUMBLERS AND TABLEWARE
VARIABLE LIGHT TRANSMISSION
HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTS
BUFFET PLATE
CHILD PROTECTION PRODUCTS
CARRIER AND DIAPER BAG
CRIB MATTRESS
DISPOSABLE DIAPERS
FLASHLIGHT
INFANT COMFORT CHANGE SYSTEM
SALAD SHOOTER
SOAP
THAW MASTER KITCHEN UTENSIL
WATER BEDS
INTERNET
BARTER SYSTEM
COLLABORATIVE INTERACTIVITY
DOMAIN NAMES
E-BUSINESS
ENCRYPTION DOWNLOADING
GEOCITIES SOCIAL NETWORK
HOSPITALITY
INSURANCE CLAIMS
INTERNET DATA COMPRESSION
INTERNET GAMING
INTERNET SERVICES
WIRELESS APPLICATION PROTOCOL
MECHANICAL
AIR PURIFICATION
BICYCLE
CARBON NANOTUBE MATERIALS
CLOSURES
COOKING TECHNOLOGY
COMPRESSOR TECHNOLOGY
COMPRESSOR TECHNOLOGY
DESIGN - BOAT
DRILLING TECHNOLOGY
ELECTROMAGNETIC MOTOR
ERGONOMIC DESIGN – CHAIR
EMULSION SYSTEM
FILTRATION
FILTRATION
FLUID FLOW METERS
HVAC CHILLERS
INJECTION MOLDED FANS
NANOCRSTYLLINE MATERIALS
OIL BURNER TECHNOLOGY
PIPE JOINING
RADIATION SHIELDING
RETRACTABLE PIPING SYSTEM
SLIDE-OUT MECHANISMS
TANK TESTING SYSTEM
MEDICAL
ALLERGY TESTING SYSTEM
AMBULATORY INFUSION PRODUCTS
ANTIMICROBIAL TECHNOLOGY
BIRTH CONTROL
BIOPSY SYSTEM
BIOPTRON LAMP
BLOOD/ARTIFICIAL
BLOOD CLOT DETECTION
BLOOD FREEZING
BLOOD GLUCOSE TEST
BLOOD COAGULATION MONITORING
BLOOD COLLECTION
BLOOD PROTEIN HARVESTING
Royalty Rates for Technology – 5th Edition
BLOOD PURIFICATION
BLOOD SAFETY
BLOOD SAMPLING SYSTEM
BREAST CANCER DIAGNOSIS
BREAST CANCER DIAGNOSIS
BURN TREATMENT
CANCER DETECTION
CANCER DETECTION
CANCER DETECTION - CERVICAL
CANCER DETECTION - CERVICAL
CANCER TREATMENT
CARDIOVASCULAR
CARDIOVASCULAR
CARDIOVASCULAR
CARDIOVASCULAR
CARDIAC STENTS
CARDIAC SEPTAL REPAIR IMPLANT
CARDIAC SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS
CASTS/FIBERGLASS
CATHETER
CATHETER
COATING - CATHETERS
CELL PROCESSING
CONTACT LENSES
CYTOLOGY DEVICE
DENTAL
DENTAL
DENTURES
DENTAL IMPLANTS
DENTAL LIGHTING WAND
DERMAL
DERMAL
DIABETES MONITORING
DIAGNOSTIC - BACTERIA
DIAGNOSTIC - CARDIOVASCULAR
DIAGNOSTIC- CARDIOVASCULAR
DIAGNOSTIC - CARDIOVASCULAR
DIAGNOSTIC
DIAGNOSTIC TEST
DIALYSIS
DIET
DIGITAL SCANNER
DRUG ABUSE DETECTION
DRUG DELIVERY
DRUG DELIVERY
DRUG DELIVERY STENT
DRUG DELIVERY TRANSDERMAL
DRUG DELIVERY TRASNDERMAL
ELECTRONIC IMAGINING
HEARING AID
HEARING DEVICE
HIV DETECTION
HIV TEST
LASERS FOR COSMETIC SURGERY
LASER FOR CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME
LASER FOR DERMATOLOGY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY
LASER FINGER PERFORATOR TECHNOLOGY
LASER HAIR REMOVAL
LASER SURGERY FOR VISION
LIPOSUCTION
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING SYSTEMS CONTRAST AGENT
MATTRESS
MICROGRAVITY INSTRUMENTS
MONITORING
MRI
NEUROMODULATION
OPTHALMIC WATER JET SURGERY
PET SCAN
PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS
OBESITY THERAPY
OPHTHALMIC THERAPY
OPHTHALMIC THERAPY
PACEMAKER SETTLEMENT OF $300 MILLION
POLYMER - BIOMEDICAL
PROSTATE TREATMENT
RADIATION THERAPY
SYRINGE DISPOSAL
SAFETY SYRINGE
SAFETY SYRINGE
SURGICAL DEVICE
SURGICAL DEVICE
SURGICAL DEVICE
SURGICAL PROCEDURE
TISSUE GROWTH AND REPAIR
VASCULAR CLOSURE DEVICE
VASCULAR CLOSURE DEVICE
VOIDING DYSFUNCTION THERAPY
WOUND CLOSURE
X-RAY PRODUCT
PHOTOGRAPHY
AUTO FOCUS
CAMERA – FILM TO DIGITAL CONVERSION
DIGITAL - COMPACTFLASH
DOCUMENT SECURITY
PHOTOCHEMICALS
SEMICONDUCTORS
CHIP INTERFACE TECHNOLOGY
CHIP STACKING TECHNOLOGY
CORTEX PROCESSOR
D-RAM
HIGH-BANDWIDTH CHIP CONNECTION TECHNOLOGY
LASER TECHNOLOGY
LIGHTNING RESISTANCE
MANUFACTURING
MANUFACTURING
METAL OXIDE SEMICONDUCTOR FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORS
NANOCOMPOSITES
PENTIUM II PROCESSOR
POWER CONVERSION
SUPERCONDUCTOR MATERIAL
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
THIN FILM FERROELECTRIC TECHNOLOGY
SPORTS
EXERCISE EQUIPMENT - TREADCLIMBER
IN-LINE SKATES
RECREATIONAL SONAR EQUIPMENT
TURF SPORTS SURFACES
STEEL
ALLOY
ALLOY OVERLAY
GRAIN ORIENTED SILICON ELECTRIC STEEL
TOYS AND GAMES
TOY INDUSTRY
CASINO GAMES
CONTROLLER DEVICE
CONTROLLER DEVICES
DISNEY
GOLF TRAINING AID
LOCKHEED MARTIN F-16 DESIGN
VIDEO GAME EXERCISE MAT CONTROLLER
WASTE TREATMENT
ALUMINUM CAN RECYCLING
AMMONIA RECOVERY PROCESS
ASPHALT ROOFING MATERIALS
CERAMIC MATERIALS PROCESS
CHEMICAL WEAPONS
CONTAINERS
DIESEL FUEL RECOVERY
OIL PROCESS
OIL SLUDGE REMEDIATION
OIL SLUDGE REMEDIATION
ORGANIC WASTE CONVERSION
POLLUTION SCRUBBER
TIRE RECYCLING
TIRE RECYCLING
TIRE RECYCLING
TIRE INCINERATOR
TOXIC WASTE FURNACES
WASTE WATER
THE MAGNITUDE AND MEANING OF ROYALTY MISREPORTING
COMPANY INDEX

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