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Smart Metering in Europe – 13th Edition

Smart Metering in Europe is the thirteenth consecutive report from Berg Insight analysing the latest developments for smart metering (electricity and gas) in Europe.

This strategic research report from Berg Insight provides you with over 250 pages of unique business intelligence, including 5-year industry forecasts, expert commentary and real-life case studies on which to base your business decisions.

Highlights from the thirteenth edition of the report:

Full coverage of the European market with in-depth market profiles of all countries in EU28+2.
Case studies of smart electricity and gas metering projects by the leading energy groups in Europe.
360-degree overview of next generation PLC, RF and cellular standards for smart grid communication.
Updated profiles of the key players in the metering industry.
New detailed forecast for smart electricity and gas meters in 30 countries until 2023.
Summary of the latest developments in the European energy industry.

Executive summary

Smart metering has reached a stage of early maturity with mass-rollouts underway in significant parts of Western Europe. Almost 40 percent of the 281 million electricity customers in EU28+2 had a smart meter at the end of 2017, a share that is set to increase to 70 percent over the coming five years. As a consequence, annual shipments of smart electricity meters will reach a peak of around 28 million units per year in 2019/2020. The majority of the new installations will take place in France, Spain and the UK, with significant contribution also coming from countries like Austria and the Netherlands. After Italy, which had a head-start, Spain was the first major country in Western Europe to begin mass deployments at the start of this decade. France and the UK have started to ramp up the rate of installations, which will peak at an aggregate level of 10–12 million units per year in the period 2018–2020.

Italy and Sweden were the first European countries to embark on nationwide deployments of smart meters in the last decade. As the systems deployed in both countries reach their endof- life, the DSOs are making preparations for a second wave of rollouts. In Italy, Enel’s distribution arm e-distribuzione is leading the way with plans to install 13 million second generation meters by 2019 and another 28 million in the following decade. Sweden faces a more complex situation with some remaining uncertainty around regulations and a greater diversity of DSOs. Over the past years, some of the earliest moving municipal DSOs from the first wave began upgrading their systems. In May 2017, Ellevio launched the first major second wave tender for the upgrading of 0.9 million metering points. The rollout will be the first where one existing large-scale system will be replaced by another.

Germany is taking a highly cautious approach to smart meters. The country is planning for a 15–20 years’ transition period during which smart meters are gradually introduced for selected customer groups. In July 2016, Germany reached a significant milestone as the new regulatory framework and roadmap for smart meters was formally approved. In the medium term, smart meters will become mandatory for around 10 percent of the customers by 2025/2028. For the remaining 90 percent, households using less than 6,000 kWh per year, the technology will be optional with a price cap. This does leave some room for more extensive rollouts during the 2020s by DSOs that can identify strong business cases.

Adoption trends in Central Eastern Europe are mixed. Estonia was the first country in the region to complete a nationwide rollout at the end of 2016. Latvia is doing a partial rollout to larger electricity customers and Lithuania has recently launched a pilot project. Poland has seen some large-scale installations but there have not yet been any final decisions about the regulatory framework of technical standads. At the end of 2017, one of the five DSOs were committed to a complete rollout while the others had performed or planned to perform largescale pilots. Czechia, Slovakia and Hungary have different approaches to smart meters. The cost benefit analysis in Czechia had a negative result and deterred the country from going ahead with a rollout. Slovakia found a positive business case for a partial rollout and will deploy smart meters to around 30 percent of the customer base accounting for half of the yearly consumption until 2020. Hungary has established a subsidiary of the national TSO for the task of managing a national pilot project over the next years. Romania has seen an accelerated uptake in the past years as all three DSOs initiated significant deployments.

Bulgaria does not plan a mandatory rollout, but the country’s DSOs are gradually deploying smart meters to selected customers for similar reasons as in Romania. Greece is still in the process of organising a large-scale pilot that could lead up to an eventual nationwide rollout by the country’s only DSO.

PLC has been the dominant technology platform for smart metering solutions in Europe from the onset. Berg Insight however believes that IoT-optimised cellular technologies such as LTE-M/NB-IoT and RF mesh networks will steadily increase their market shares in smart metering over the next 5–10 years. The shift from 2G to 4G/5G will eventually offer improved performance at lower cost. LTE-M will probably be the most suitable alternative for smart electricity metering, while NB-IoT will cover the needs in smart gas and water metering. At the same time, the standardisation of RF mesh networks by the Wi-SUN Alliance and other standard bodies has a good potential for establishing a thriving ecosystem for connected products in the smart cities and smart energy markets.

Executive summary
1 Electricity, gas and district heating markets in Europe
1.1 Energy industry players
1.2 Electricity market
1.3 Gas market
1.4 District heating market
2 Smart metering solutions
2.1 Introduction to smart grids
2.2 Smart metering
2.2.1 Smart metering applications
2.2.2 Smart metering infrastructure
2.2.3 Benefits of smart metering
2.3 Project strategies
2.3.1 System design and sourcing
2.3.2 Rollout and integration
2.3.3 Implementation and operation
2.3.4 Communicating with customers
2.4 Regulatory issues
2.4.1 Models for the introduction of smart meters
2.4.2 Standards and guidelines
2.4.3 Individual rights issues
3 IoT networks and communication technologies
3.1 IoT network technologies
3.1.1 Network architectures
3.1.2 Unlicensed and licensed frequency bands
3.2 PLC technology and standards
3.2.1 International standards organisations
3.2.2 G3-PLC
3.2.3 PRIME
3.2.4 Meters & More
3.2.5 OSGP
3.2.6 Netricity
3.3 3GPP cellular and LPWA technologies
3.3.1 2G/3G/4G cellular technologies and IoT
3.3.2 The role of cellular networks in smart meter communications
3.3.3 NB-IoT and LTE-M network deployments in Europe
3.3.4 LoRa
3.3.5 Sigfox
3.4 RF technology and standards
3.4.1 IEEE 802.15.4
3.4.2 Wi-SUN
3.4.3 ZigBee
3.4.4 Proprietary IPv6 connectivity stacks based on 802.15.4
3.4.5 Wireless M-Bus
4 Smart metering industry players
4.1 Meter vendors
4.1.1 Landis+Gyr
4.1.2 Itron
4.1.3 Honyewell Elster
4.1.4 Aclara Technologies
4.1.5 ADD Grup
4.1.6 AEM
4.1.7 Aidon
4.1.8 Apator
4.1.9 Circutor
4.1.10 Diehl Metering
4.1.11 EDMI Meters
4.1.12 Elgama Elektronika
4.1.13 EMH Metering
4.1.14 Flonidan
4.1.15 Hager
4.1.16 Hexing Electrical
4.1.17 Iskraemeco
4.1.18 Janz
4.1.19 Kaifa Technology
4.1.20 Kamstrup
4.1.21 Linyang Energy
4.1.22 MeteRSit
4.1.23 Networked Energy Services
4.1.24 Pietro Fiorentini
4.1.25 RIZ
4.1.26 Sagemcom
4.1.27 Sanxing Electric
4.1.28 Wasion
4.1.29 ZIV
4.1.30 ZPA Smart Energy
4.2 Communication solution providers
4.2.1 AP Systems
4.2.2 Corinex
4.2.3 CyanConnode
4.2.4 Devolo
4.2.5 NURI Telecom
4.2.6 Ormazabal
4.2.7 Power Plus Communications
4.2.8 Sensus
4.2.9 Silver Spring Networks
4.2.10 Trilliant
4.2.11 Xemex
4.3 Software solution providers
4.3.1 Cuculus
4.3.2 Enoro
4.3.3 Ferranti Computer Systems
4.3.4 Görlitz
4.3.5 Kisters
4.3.6 Oracle
4.3.7 Powel
4.3.8 SAP
4.3.9 Telecontrol STM
4.4 System integrators and communication service providers
4.4.1 Arqiva
4.4.2 Atos Worldgrid
4.4.3 Capgemini
4.4.4 CGI
4.4.5 Ericsson
4.4.6 IBM
4.4.7 Kapsch
4.4.8 LG CNS
4.4.9 Schneider Electric
4.4.10 Siemens
4.4.11 Telefónica
4.4.12 Telekom Austria
4.4.13 UtilityConnect
4.4.14 Vodafone
5 Market profiles
5.1 Regional summary
5.1.1 EU smart metering policies
5.1.2 Top smart metering projects in EU28+2 countries
5.2 Austria
5.2.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.2.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.2.3 Smart metering market developments
5.3 Belgium
5.3.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.3.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments
5.4 Bulgaria
5.4.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.4.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments
5.5 Croatia
5.6 Cyprus
5.6.1 Electricity distribution industry structure
5.6.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering pilots
5.7 Czechia
5.7.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.7.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering pilots
5.8 Denmark
5.8.1 Electricity distribution industry structure
5.8.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.8.3 Smart metering market developments
5.9 Estonia
5.9.1 Electricity distribution industry structure
5.9.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments
5.10 Finland
5.10.1 Electricity distribution industry structure
5.10.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.10.3 Smart metering market developments
5.11 France
5.11.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.11.2 Nationwide program for smart electricity metering
5.11.3 Nationwide program for smart gas metering
5.12 Germany
5.12.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.12.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.12.3 Technical standardisation of smart meters
5.12.4 Smart metering market developments
5.13 Greece
5.13.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.13.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering pilot program
5.14 Hungary
5.14.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.14.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments
5.15 Ireland
5.15.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.15.2 Nationwide program for deployment of smart meters
5.16 Italy
5.16.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.16.2 First wave of smart metering 2001–2013
5.16.3 Second wave of smart metering 2014–2023
5.17 Latvia
5.17.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.17.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments
5.18 Lithuania
5.19 Luxembourg
5.19.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.19.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering rollout plans
5.20 Malta
5.20.1 Utility industry structure
5.20.2 National smart grid project
5.21 Netherlands
5.21.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.21.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.21.3 Smart metering market developments
5.22 Norway
5.22.1 Electricity distribution industry structure
5.22.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.22.3 Smart metering market developments and tender results
5.23 Poland
5.23.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.23.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering projects
5.24 Portugal
5.24.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.24.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments
5.25 Romania
5.25.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.25.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart meter market developments
5.26 Slovakia
5.26.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.26.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart meter market developments
5.27 Slovenia
5.28 Spain
5.28.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.28.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.28.3 Smart metering market developments
5.29 Sweden
5.29.1 Electricity distribution industry structure
5.29.2 First wave of smart metering 2003–2009
5.29.3 Second wave of smart metering 2015–2024
5.30 Switzerland
5.30.1 Electricity distribution industry structure
5.30.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart meter market developments
5.31 United Kingdom
5.31.1 Electricity and gas industry structure
5.31.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.31.3 Great Britain’s planned nationwide smart metering system
5.31.4 Pre-DCC smart meter deployments
5.31.5 Smart metering in Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands and Gibraltar
6 Case studies: Smart metering projects in Europe
6.1 Enel
6.1.1 Enel Open Meter and the second generation rollout in Italy
6.1.2 Endesa’s smart metering project in Spain
6.1.3 Smart meter rollout plan for Romania
6.2 Enedis
6.2.1 The Linky Programme
6.2.2 System development and large-scale pilot
6.2.3 Full-scale rollout plan
6.3 E.ON
6.3.1 Sweden
6.3.2 Germany
6.3.3 United Kingdom
6.3.4 Central Eastern Europe
6.4 Iberdrola
6.4.1 The PRIME project
6.4.2 Smart meter rollout in Spain
6.5 Current smart meter projects in Scandinavia
6.5.1 RADIUS (DONG Energy)
6.5.2 Hafslund
6.5.3 Ellevio
6.6 Smart gas meter rollouts in France and Italy
6.6.1 GrDF
6.6.2 2i Rete Gas
6.6.3 Unareti (A2A)
6.7 Smart meter communication platforms in Germany and the UK
6.7.1 Germany
6.7.2 United Kingdom
6.8 Smart metering in Russia & CIS and the Balkans
7 Market forecasts and trends
7.1 Market trends
7.1.1 Mass-rollouts ramp up to volume in Western Europe
7.1.2 Mixed outlooks in Germany and Central Eastern Europe
7.1.3 Second wave rollouts begin in Italy and Sweden
7.1.4 PLC smart meter shipments will peak in 2017
List of Figures
Figure 1.1: Top 25 energy companies, by turnover (EU28+2 2016)
Figure 1.2: Electricity generation and consumption data (EU28 2016)
Figure 1.3: Electricity market statistics (Europe 2016)
Figure 1.4: Top 25 electricity DSOs (EU28+2 2016)
Figure 1.5: Top 25 electricity DSOs (Southeast and East Europe 2016)
Figure 1.6: Gas market statistics (EU28+2)
Figure 1.7: Top 25 gas DSOs (EU28+2 2016)
Figure 1.8: District heating market overview (EU28+2)
Figure 2.1: Smart metering infrastructure
Figure 2.2: Examples of smart electricity meters
Figure 3.1: Standard model for smart grid communication networks
Figure 3.2: Alternative model for smart grid communication networks
Figure 3.3: Unlicensed and reserved radio frequencies available for wireless IoT
Figure 3.4: Technical comparison of key PLC technology standards
Figure 3.5: Members of the G3-PLC Alliance by industry
Figure 3.6: Members of the PRIME Alliance by industry
Figure 3.7: Members of the Meters & More Association by industry
Figure 3.8: Selected members of the OSGP Alliance by industry
Figure 3.9: Comparison of LTE MTC enhancements in 3GPP Release 13
Figure 3.10: LoRa network operators Europe (Q2-2017)
Figure 3.11: Sigfox network partners in Europe (2017)
Figure 4.1: Energy meter vendor company data (World/Europe, FY2016/2017)
Figure 5.1: Regulatory policies for smart meter rollouts, by country (EU28+2 2017)
Figure 5.2: Top 25 smart metering projects in EU28+2 countries (Q3-2017)
Figure 5.3: Top 12 electricity and gas DSOs in Austria
Figure 5.4: Major SM projects in Austria (2017)
Figure 5.5: Electricity and gas network operators in Belgium
Figure 5.6: Electricity DSOs in Bulgaria
Figure 5.7: Top 5 DSOs in Czechia
Figure 5.8: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Denmark
Figure 5.9: Top 15 smart metering projects in Denmark
Figure 5.10: Smart metering projects in Estonia
Figure 5.11: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Finland
Figure 5.12: Top 25 SM contracts in Finland
Figure 5.13: Smart metering projects in France
Figure 5.14: Top 40 electricity DSOs in Germany
Figure 5.15: Electricity DSOs in Germany by size
Figure 5.16: Germany’s smart meter rollout plan
Figure 5.17: Top 5 DSOs in Hungary
Figure 5.18: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Italy (2016)
Figure 5.19: Top 15 gas DSOs in Italy (2016)
Figure 5.20: EIB loans for smart meter deployments in Italy
Figure 5.21: Electricity and gas DSOs in the Netherlands
Figure 5.22: Smart electricity meter installations in the Netherlands (H1-2017)
Figure 5.23: Top 12 electricity DSOs in Norway
Figure 5.24: Top 10 smart metering projects in Norway
Figure 5.25: Electricity DSOs in Poland
Figure 5.26: Major smart metering projects in Poland
Figure 5.27: Top DSOs in Portugal
Figure 5.28: Top 5 DSOs in Romania
Figure 5.29: Major electricity and gas DSOs in Spain
Figure 5.30: Smart electricity meter installations in Spain (Q2-2017)
Figure 5.31: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Sweden
Figure 5.32: Major first wave smart metering contracts in Sweden
Figure 5.33: Second wave smart metering tenders in Sweden (Q3-2017)
Figure 5.34: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Switzerland
Figure 5.35: Electricity DSOs in the UK
Figure 5.36: Gas DSOs in the UK
Figure 5.37: Estimated electricity and gas retailer market shares in the UK (Q1-2017)
Figure 5.38: Installed base of smart energy meters in the UK (Q2-2017)
Figure 6.1: Enel Open Meter second generation smart meter
Figure 6.2: Conceptual system architecture for Enedis’ smart metering system
Figure 6.3: SM contracts awarded by E.ON Sweden (2005–2007)
Figure 6.4: GrDF’s smart gas metering cost benefit analysis
Figure 6.5: Smart Meter Gateway (SMGW) network interfaces
Figure 7.1: Electricity smart meter shipments and penetration rate (EU28+2 2016–2022)
Figure 7.2: Electricity smart meter shipments by country (EU28+2 2016–2023)
Figure 7.3: Electricity smart meter installed base by country (EU28+2 2016–2023)
Figure 7.4: Electricity smart metering capital expenditure forecast (EU28+2 2016–2023)
Figure 7.5: Estimated capital cost for some smart metering projects in Europe
Figure 7.6: Breakdown of costs for electricity smart metering projects in W. Europe
Figure 7.7: Smart meter shipments, by communication technology (EU28+2 2016–2022)
Figure 7.8: Gas smart meter installed base by country (EU28+2 2016–2022)
Figure 7.9: Gas smart meter shipments by country (EU28+2 2016–2022)

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