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Analyzing the Global Nuclear Turbine Market 2015

Analyzing the Global Nuclear Turbine Market 2015

Power plants all over the world use some kind of a turbine to drive the generators. The major function of the turbine in a nuclear power plant is to convert the heat contained in steam into mechanical energy. Turbines are an important part of the nuclear reactors. Generally it can be seen that the concept for utilizing nuclear power for generating electricity is the same in most types of reactors. The energy released is harnessed as heat in either gas or water form and is then utilized to produce steam. This steam is then utilized to drive the turbines that generate electricity.

With the advancement of energy, nuclear reactors are being designed in many different ways to make the entire process more energy and cost efficient. Aruvian Research analyzes the different types of nuclear reactors that are in use today in the global nuclear power industry in its research report Analyzing the Global Nuclear Turbine Market. The report looks at the variety or turbines that these different nuclear reactors use and which companies are involved in designing these turbines.

The report begins with an analysis of the basics of the nuclear industry such as an industry overview, an analysis of the components and parts of a nuclear power plant, analysis of the fuel cycle and a look at how radioactive waste is managed.

The global nuclear power industry is analyzed through an industry overview, industry statistics, an analysis of the market through industry value and volume, how to improve the performance of nuclear reactors and the role of research reactors as well.

The report explores the possibility of the expansion of global nuclear power capacity and the addition of new nuclear power capacity through new construction, plant life extensions and decommissions. Public acceptance of nuclear power is also looked at.

The advancement in nuclear systems is looked at in accelerator driven systems and usage of thorium. Nuclear reactor technology is analyzes through how the technology works and classification of reactor types by type of nuclear reaction, by moderator material, by coolant and by generations.

Analysis of the nuclear reactor types analyzes nearly 30 different types of nuclear reactors such as the radioisotope thermoelectric generator, pressurized water reactors, European pressurized reactors, light water reactors, RBMK, and many others. Various factors related to these reactors are analyzed in the report such as reactor design, status, pros and cons, nuclear reprocessing system and others.

We also include an analysis of nuclear turbines versus fossil turbines and the impact of power uprates. Modernization of steam turbines for nuclear power plants is also looked at.

The major nuclear turbines are analyzed through the companies that design them. Some of the major turbines that are analyzed include Doosan Nuclear Turbines, Mitsubishi US-APWR Nuclear Turbine, Siemens Nuclear Turbines, General Electric Nuclear Turbines, Westinghouse Nuclear Turbine, amongst others.

An analysis of the major industry players is included through a corporate profile, an analysis of the business segments they operate through and a SWOT analysis. Some of the major players analyzed in this report include Alstom, General Electric, Hitachi, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Siemens AG, etc.


A. Executive Summary
B. Basics of the Nuclear Industry
B.1 Overview
B.2 Components & Parts of a Nuclear Power Plant
B.2 Analyzing the Fuel Cycle
B.3 Managing the Radioactive Waste
C. Global Nuclear Power Industry
C.1 Industry Overview
C.2 Industry Statistics
C.3 Industry Value & Volume Analysis
C.4 Improving the Performance of Nuclear Reactors
C.5 Role of Research Reactors
C.6 Exploring the Possibility of Expansion of Nuclear Power Capacity
C.7 Addition of New Nuclear Power Capacity
C.7.1 Increased Nuclear Capacity
C.7.2 New Nuclear Plant Construction
C.7.3 Plant Life Extension and Decommissions
C.8 Public Acceptance of Nuclear Power
D. Leap of Technology: Accelerator-driven Nuclear Systems
D.1 Introduction
D.2 Accelerator-Driven Systems
D.3 Usage of Thorium
D.4 Waste Incinerator
E. Nuclear Reactor Technology
E.1 How the Technology Works
E.1.1 Fission
E.1.2 Heat Generation
E.1.3 Cooling
E.1.4 Reactivity Control
E.1.5 Electrical Power Generation
E.2 Reactor Types
E.2.1 Classifying Reactors by Type of Nuclear Reaction
E.2.2 Classifying Reactors by Moderator Material
E.2.3 Classifying Reactors by Coolant
E.2.4 Classifying Reactors by Generations
F. Analyzing the Reactor Types
F.1 Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator
F.1.1 Overview
F.1.2 Usage of Radioactive Material
F.1.3 Lifespan
F.1.4 Efficiency Factor
F.1.5 Risk of Radioactive Contamination
F.2 Pressurized Water Reactors
F.2.1 Overview
F.2.2 Design of the Reactor
F.2.3 Coolant in a PWR
F.2.4 Process of Moderation
F.2.5 Fuel in a PWR
F.2.6 Controlling the Reaction
F.2.7 Pros & Cons of PWR
F.3 Mitsubishi Advanced Pressurized Water Reactor
F.3.1 Overview
F.4 European Pressurized Reactor
F.4.1 Overview
F.4.2 Design of the EPR
F.4.3 Case Studies
F.5 Light Water Reactor
F.5.1 Overview
F.5.2 Design of the Reactor
F.6 Boiling Water Reactor
F.6.1 Overview
F.6.2 Design of the BWR
F.6.3 Safety Systems in Place
F.6.4 Pros & Cons of the BWR
F.7 Advanced Boiling Water Reactor
F.7.1 Overview
F.7.2 Design of the ABWR
F.8 Economic Simplified Boiling Water Reactor
F.8.1 Overview
F.9 Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor
F.9.1 Overview
F.9.2 Why Use Heavy Water?
F.9.3 Pros & Cons of the PHWR
F.10 Russian Reaktor Bolshoy Moschnosti Kanalniy (RBMK)
F.10.1 Overview
F.10.2 Design of the Reactor
F.10.3 Fuel Rods
F.10.4 Control Rods
F.10.5 Gas Circuit
F.10.6 Independent Cooling and Steam Circuits
F.10.7 Emergency Core Cooling System
F.10.8 Reactor Control
F.10.9 Containment of Accidents
F.10.10 Improvements in the Design after Chernobyl
F.10.11 Status of RBMK Reactors
F.11 Advanced Gas-Cooled Reactor
F.11.1 Overview
F.11.2 Design of the Reactor
F.11.3 Status of AGR Reactors
F.12 Breeder Reactor
F.12.1 Overview
F.12.2 Concept of Breeding versus Burnup
F.12.3 Nuclear Reprocessing
F.13 Thermal Breeder Reactor
F.13.1 Overview
F.14 Fast Breeder Reactor
F.14.1 Overview
F.14.2 Design of the Reactor
F.14.3 Plutonium Economy and Fast Breeder Reactors
F.14.4 Risks Associated with Fast Breeder Reactors
F.14.5 Market Status
F.15 Fast Neutron Reactor
F.15.1 Overview
F.15.2 Design of the Reactor
F.15.3 Market Status
F.15.4 Pros & Cons of the Reactor
F.16 Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor
F.16.1 Overview
F.16.2 Fuel Cycle of the Reactor
F.16.3 Usage of Sodium as a Coolant
F.16.4 Designing
F.17 Molten Salt Reactor
F.17.1 Overview
F.17.2 Pros & Cons of the Reactor
F.17.3 Design Challenges
F.17.4 Issues with the Fuel Cycle
F.17.5 Molten Salt Fueled Reactors versus Molten Salt Cooled Solid Fuel Reactors
F.18 Traveling Wave Reactor
F.18.1 Overview
F.18.2 Fuel Type
F.18.3 Designing of the Reactor
F.19 Lead Cooled Fast Reactor
F.19.1 Overview
F.19.2 Market Status
F.20 Pebble Bed Reactors
F.20.1 Overview
F.20.2 Design of the Reactor
F.20.3 Safety Systems
F.20.4 Fuel Production
F.20.5 Issues with the Reactor Design
F.20.6 Market Status
F.20.7 Containment of Accidents
F.21 Pebble Bed Modular Reactor
F.21.1 Overview
F.21.2 Design of the Reactor
F.22 Aqueous Homogeneous Reactor
F.22.1 Overview
F.22.2 ARGUS Reactor
F.23 Integral Fast Reactor
F.23.1 Overview
F.23.2 Efficiency Factor and Fuel Cycle
F.23.3 Production of Nuclear Waste
F.23.4 Safety Systems
F.24 SSTAR
F.24.1 Overview
F.25 Clean And Environmentally Safe Advanced Reactor (CAESAR)
F.25.1 Overview
F.26 KAMINI
F.26.1 Overview
F.27 Generation IV Reactor
F.27.1 Overview
F.27.2 Reactor Types
F.28 Generation V+ Reactors
F.28.1 Overview
G. Nuclear Turbines versus Fossil Turbines
G.1 Overview
G.2 Differences in Operating Conditions
G.3 Design Issues
G.4 Problem of Water Droplet Erosion
G.5 Problem of Complex Manufacturing Process
G.6 Problem of Turbine Pipe Erosion
H. Impact of Power Uprating
H.1 Overview
H.2 Types of Power Uprates
H.3 Economic Benefits
I. Modernization of Steam Turbines for Nuclear Power Plants
I.1 Modernization Approach
I.2 Low Pressure Turbine Design Features for Nuclear Applications
I.3 Primary Points of HP and LP Nuclear Turbine Modernization
J. Analyzing the Major Turbines – Company-wise
J.1 Doosan Nuclear Turbines
J.2 Mitsubishi US-APWR Nuclear Turbine
J.3 Alstom Nuclear Turbines
J.4 Hitachi Nuclear Turbine
J.5 Siemens Nuclear Turbines
J.6 General Electric Nuclear Turbines
J.7 Westinghouse Nuclear Turbine
K. New Research in Nuclear Turbine Technology
K.1 Long Last Stage Blades
K.2 Continuous Cover Blades (CCB)
L. Leading Industry Players
L.1 Alstom
L.1.1 Corporate Profile
L.1.2 Business Segment Analysis
L.1.3 SWOT Analysis
L.2 General Electric
L.2.1 Corporate Profile
L.2.2 Business Segment Analysis
L.2.3 SWOT Analysis
L.3 Hitachi
L.3.1 Corporate Profile
L.3.2 Business Segment Analysis
L.3.3 SWOT Analysis
L.4 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
L.4.1 Corporate Profile
L.4.2 Business Segment Analysis
L.4.3 SWOT Analysis
L.5 Siemens AG
L.5.1 Corporate Profile
L.5.2 Business Segment Analysis
L.5.3 SWOT Analysis
L.6 Westinghouse Electric
L.6.1 Corporate Profile
L.6.2 Business Segment Analysis
L.6.3 SWOT Analysis
L.7 Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction Co., Ltd
L.7.1 Corporate Profile
L.7.2 Business Segment Analysis
L.7.3 SWOT Analysis
M. Glossary of Terms
List of Figures
Figure 1: Process depicting Nuclear Fuel Cycle
Figure 2: Comparison of Nucleon Number against Binding Energy
Figure 3: Thermal Conductivity of Zirconium Metal & Uranium Dioxide as a Function of Temperature
Figure 4: A Control Rod Assembly
Figure 5: A Steel Pressure Vessel
Figure 6: A Siemens Steam Turbine with Open Case
Figure 7: Sources of Nuclear Waste
Figure 8: Nuclear Electricity Production and Share of Total Electricity Production (in TWh), 1971-2013
Figure 9: Value of the Global Nuclear Energy Industry (in USD Billion), 2009-2013
Figure 10: Volume of the Global Nuclear Energy Industry (in million GWh), 2009-2013
Figure 11: Global Electricity Production by Power Sources, 2014
Figure 12: Fuel Used for Electricity Generation, 2014
Figure 13: Power Transfer in a PWR. Primary Coolant is in Orange and the Secondary Coolant is in Blue.
Figure 14: PWR Reactor Vessel
Figure 15: Nuclear Fuel Element in a PWR
Figure 16: EPR Pressure Vessel
Figure 17: Pumpless Light Water Reactor
Figure 18: Diagram of a RBMK
Figure 19: Design of a Fast Breeder Reactor
Figure 20: Sodium Cooled Fast Reactor
Figure 21: Molten Salt Reactor
Figure 22: Diagram of a Lead Cooled Fast Reactor
Figure 23: Diagram of the SSTAR Reactor
Figure 24: Nuclear Turbines vs Fossil Turbines
Figure 25: Nuclear High Pressure Turbine Replacement
Figure 26: Typical Advanced Disc Design Low Pressure Turbine Modernization Cross Section
Figure 27: Doosan Nuclear Turbine Arrangement
Figure 28: Design Features of the Nuclear Turbine
Figure 29: History of Mitsubishi Nuclear Turbine
Figure 30: Turbine Type and Rated Output
Figure 31: Turbine Outline
Figure 32: High Pressure Turbine
Figure 33: Low Pressure Turbine
Figure 34: ARABELLE Steam Turbine
Figure 35: Efficiency vs Blade Aspect Ratio
Figure 36: Hitachi’s First & Most Recent Nuclear Turbine
Figure 37: Hitachi Nuclear Steam Turbine Experience
Figure 38: New 60 Hz Last Stage Blade
Figure 39: 60 Hz Last Stage Blades for Nuclear Applications (Marked)
Figure 40: 50 Hz Last Stage Blades for Nuclear Applications (Marked)
List of Tables
Table 1: Value of the Global Nuclear Energy Industry (in USD Billion), 2009-2013
Table 2: Volume of the Global Nuclear Energy Industry (in million GWh), 2009-2013
Table 3: Power Reactors under Construction
Table 4: Technical Parameters
Table 5: Status of RBMK Reactors
Table 6: Status of Reactors
Table 7: Steam Path Damage Mechanisms
Table 8: Hitachi Standard ABWR Nuclear Turbine Parameters

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