Analyzing Gas to Liquids Market 2017

Analyzing Gas to Liquids Market 2017

Gas-to-Liquid (GTL) fuels can be produced from natural gas, coal, and biomass using a Fischer-Tropsch chemical reaction process. The liquids produced include naphtha, diesel, and chemical feed stocks.

For decades, western economies have supported Middle Eastern states that essentially have one product to offer in trade - oil. The world’s dependence on Middle Eastern oil is so complete that United States foreign policy and our national security are held hostage by the knowledge that if the region becomes unstable to the degree that oil no longer flows, western economies collapse, energy prices skyrocket, and the standard of living of the industrial world plummets. No other common energy source exists in enough quantity or form to replace oil.

The GTL industry can be viewed as an alternative to oil refining. The basic technology of the industry dates back to 1923 when two German scientists, Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch (FT), invented a process that could convert natural gas to a hydrocarbon mixture which could then be upgraded into petroleum products. The FT technology provides an alternative to traditional crude oil refining, as liquid petroleum products, most notably diesel fuel, can be produced from a non-liquid input, natural gas.

The GTL process needs low-cost natural gas, less than $1 per million BTUs, to compete with traditional diesel fuel. Some remote natural gas sources, called stranded gas, that are not otherwise economically available may be ideally suited to this process, like Alaska.

GTL diesel can be used neat or blended with today’s diesel fuel and used in existing diesel engines and infrastructure. These fuels provide an opportunity to reduce dependence on petroleum based fuels and reduce tailpipe emissions. GTL fuel has virtually no sulfur, aromatics, or toxics. It can be blended with non-complying diesel fuel to make the fuel cleaner so it will comply with new diesel fuel standards.

Aruvian Research brings you an in-depth focus on the technology of Gas to Liquids. Analyzing Gas to Liquids Market 2017 focuses on all aspects of the Fischer Tropsch process, conversion processes utilized on natural gas, the major companies which are investing in this technology, the reasons for investing in GTL and the investment scenario in the technology, and the financial difficulties faced during financing of projects.

The report looks at the growth factors, challenges and barriers, the concept of using GTL fuel for transportation, the economic feasibility of GTL technologies and GTL projects, the effect of GTL on the energy market, and of course, the basics of Gas to Liquid technologies. A lot more awaits you inside this comprehensive intelligent analysis of GTL technology and market.

The engineering process involved in GTL is a value enhancer to this edition, along with a look at how GTL can reduce emissions in the atmosphere.

An in-depth analysis of all major companies participating actively in GTL developments is also included in the report. Companies included in the report are:

  • Cosmo Oil
  • Chiyoda Corporation
  • General Electric
  • Qatar Petroleum
  • Statoil
  • Syntroleum
  • Royal Dutch Shell
  • Rentech
  • PetroSA
  • ExxonMobil
  • ConocoPhillips
  • Sasol Limited
  • Chevron
  • BP plc
Company profiles, financial analysis, GTL activities, business segments, and SWOT analyses are all part of this new and updated version of Analyzing Gas to Liquids Market 2017.

A. Executive Summary
B. Introduction to Gas to Liquids
B.1 History of Natural Gas
B.2 Present Day Status of Natural Gas Markets
B.3 Exploiting Natural Gas
B.4 Introduction to Gas-to-Liquids
B.5 What is Gas to Liquids?
B.6 History of GTL
B.7 Solution Options for GTL
B.8 Benefits of the Technology
B.9 Importance of GTL
B.10 Investing in GTL
B.11 Worldwide GTL Commercialization Activity
B.12 Business Outlook for GTL
C. GTL & Implications for the Energy Market
C.1 Resource Consumption
D. GTL Technologies
D.1 Fischer-Tropsch Process
D.2 Syngas
D.3 Looking at the Major Technological Processes
D.3.1 ExxonMobil Process
D.3.2 Rentech Process
D.3.3 Sasol Process
D.3.4 Shell Process
D.3.5 Statoil Process
D.3.6 Syntroleum Process
E. Market Status of Gas to Liquids
F. Market Potential of GTL
F.1 Greenhouse Gas Contributions
F.2 Technological Strategies
G. Economics of GTL
G.1 Capital Cost of GTL
G.2 Fuel Cost in GTL Process
G.3 O&M Cost of GTL
G.4 Other Revenues from GTL Products
G.5 Rentech’s Polygeneration Strategy
H. Major Issues & Challenges
H.1 Challenges in Size
H.2 High Capital Cost
H.3 Internal Energy Integration
H.4 Air Separation Unit Technical Issues
H.5 Syngas Generation Area Technical Issues
H.6 F-T Synthesis Technical Issues
H.7 Problems with Financing GTL Projects
H.8 Air Pollution
I. How to Engineer a GTL Project
I.1 Introduction
I.2 Opportunities in Process Engineering
I.3 The Fuel System
I.4 Looking at Capital Cost vs. Process Efficiency
I.5 Engineering Challenges
I.6 Looking at Engineering and Construction
I.7 Schedule for Building a GTL Facility
J. Factors Promoting GTL Technology
J.1 Global Climate Change
J.2 Gas Monetization
K. Using GTL Fuel for Transportation
L. Reducing Emissions by Using GTL Technology
M. Comparing GTL and LNG
M.1 Introduction
M.2 Market Potential: LNG versus GTL
M.3 Technological Comparison
M.4 Efficiency Comparison
M.5 Comparison of Capital Costs
M.6 Product Comparison
M.7 Conclusion
N. Leading Players in GTL
N.1 BP Plc
N.1.1 Company Overview
N.1.2 Business Segments
N.1.3 Focus on GTL
N.1.4 Financial Analysis
N.1.5 SWOT Analysis
N.2 Chevron Corporation
N.2.1 Company Overview
N.2.2 Business Segments
N.2.3 Sasol Chevron & Focus on GTL
N.2.4 Financial Analysis
N.2.5 SWOT Analysis
N.3 Sasol Limited
N.3.1 Company Overview
N.3.2 Business Segments
N.3.3 Focus on GTL
N.3.4 Financial Analysis
N.3.5 SWOT Analysis
N.4 ConocoPhillips
N.4.1 Company Overview
N.4.2 Business Segments
N.4.3 Focus on GTL
N.4.4 Financial Analysis
N.4.5 SWOT Analysis
N.5 Exxon Mobil
N.5.1 Company Overview
N.5.2 Business Segments
N.5.3 Financial Analysis
N.5.4 SWOT Analysis
N.6 Royal Dutch Shell Plc
N.6.1 Company Overview
N.6.2 Business Segments
N.6.3 Focus on GTL
N.6.4 Financial Analysis
N.6.5 SWOT Analysis
N.7 Statoil ASA
N.7.1 Company Overview
N.7.2 Business Segments
N.7.3 Focus on GTL
N.7.4 Financial Analysis
N.7.5 SWOT Analysis
N.8 General Electric Company
N.8.1 Company Overview
N.8.2 Business Segments
N.8.3 Focus on GTL
N.8.4 Financial Analysis
N.8.5 SWOT Analysis
N.9 Chiyoda Corporation
N.9.1 Company Overview
N.9.2 Business Segments
N.9.3 Focus on GTL
N.9.4 Financial Analysis
N.9.5 SWOT Analysis
N.10 Cosmo Oil Company
N.10.1 Company Overview
N.10.2 Business Segments
N.10.3 Focus on GTL
N.10.4 Financial Analysis
N.10.5 SWOT Analysis
N.11 Qatar Petroleum
N.11.1 Company Overview
N.11.2 Business Segments
N.11.3 Focus on GTL
N.11.4 Financial Analysis
N.11.5 SWOT Analysis
N.12 Syntroleum
N.12.1 Company Overview
N.12.2 Business Segments
N.12.3 Focus on GTL
N.13 PetroSA
N.13.1 Company Overview
N.13.2 Business Segments
N.13.3 Focus on GTL
N.13.4 SWOT Analysis
N.14 Rentech
N.14.1 Company Overview
N.14.2 Business Segments
N.14.3 Focus on GTL
N.14.4 SWOT Analysis
O. Major GTL Projects
O.1 Escravos Gas-to-Liquids Project, Niger Delta, Nigeria
O.2 Oryx Gas-to-Liquids Complex, Ras-Laffan, Qatar
O.3 Marathon, Syntroleum - Gas-to-Liquids Demonstration Plant, Tulsa, Oklahoma
O.4 Shell Bintulu
O.5 Sasol Chevron Project in Australia
P. Future of Gas to Liquids
Q. Appendix
R. Glossary of Terms
List of Figures
Figure 1: Control over Production of Remaining Commercial Reserves of Natural Gas
Figure 2: Hydrocarbon Value Hierarchy
Figure 3: GTL Capacity Projection
Figure 4: Gas-to-Products (GTP) Options
Figure 5: Existing and Planned GTL Plants Globally
Figure 6: Energy Consumption of the GTL & Refinery Based System (TJ)
Figure 7: Energy Consumption of the GTL & Refinery Based System
Figure 8: Comparison of GTL-FT Barrel vs. Conventional Barrel
Figure 9: The Three Major Processes Involved in Converting Natural Gas into Syncrude
Figure 10: The Rentech Process
Figure 11: Sasol Slurry Process
Figure 12: Estimated Profit for Maximum and Minimum Wax Configuration (in USD per Barrel), 2015-2040
Figure 13: Life Cycle GHG Contributions of Refinery System Compared to the GTL System
Figure 14: GHG Contributions for GTL Fuel, Conventional Diesel & Ultra-Low
Figure 15: GHG Contributions for GTL Fuel, Ultra-Low Sulfur Diesel in Comparison
Figure 16: Integrated GTL Capital Cost Breakdown
Figure 17: Energy Issues in the Process
Figure 18: Acidification Contributions of GTL
Figure 19: Comparing Acidification Contributions of GTL Fuel, Conventional Diesel & Ultra-Low Sulfur Diesel
Figure 20: Photo-Oxidant Creation Contributions of GTL
Figure 21: Particulate Emissions of GTL vs. Refinery Based System
Figure 22: Basic GTL Flow Scheme
Figure 23: Indicative GTL Process Cost Breakdown
Figure 24: Bulk Material Quantities
Figure 25: GHG Contributions
Figure 26: Projected Potential Efficiency Improvements
Figure 27: Gas Liquefaction Process
Figure 28: Gas to Liquids FT Process
Figure 29: Breakdown of LNG Capital Costs
Figure 30: Capital Cost Breakdown of GTL
Figure 31: Tail Pipe Emissions GTL versus LNG
Figure 32: GTL Capacity Projection
Figure 33: Strategic Plan for GTL
Figure 34: Developing GTL Technologies
Figure 35: The Fischer Tropsch Process
Figure 36: Overview of GTL
Figure 37: Synthesis Gas: Feedstocks and Products
Figure 38: Water-Gas Shift
Figure 39: Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis
Figure 40: Fischer-Tropsch Reaction Network
Figure 41: Slurry Reactor for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis
List of Tables
Table 1: System Definitions for Life Cycle Assessment Studies
Table 2: Technical Comparison between GTL and LNG

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