Japan Market Report for Assisted Reproduction Technology 2017 - MedCore
Assisted reproduction technologies (ART) help women or couples conceive children. Most couples who use ART are affected by infertility, although ART can also be used to help lesbian couples or single women. A couple is considered to be infertile if they have not conceived after one year of intercourse without birth control.
While there are a number of techniques used to aid fertilization, the products discussed in this chapter are those used for in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). An IVF procedure removes the woman’s eggs and then fertilizes them with sperm in a lab setting. IVF has been very successful in helping couples become pregnant within their first or second cycle. ICSI takes a sperm cell and injects it directly into an egg. ICSI can facilitate fertilization in conjunction with IVF.