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Intelligent Transportation Systems – Roads to 5G

Intelligent Transportation Systems – Roads to 5G

Practel is involved in the research of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) for a number of years; and published several related reports. This particular report addresses current technical and marketing aspects of ITS. It emphasizes the role of M2M communications in reaching ITS goals; and it is looking forward towards ITS enhancements based on WICT (Wireless Information Communications Technologies) of the 5G era, such as Visible Light Communications (VLC) and other. It also evaluates the status of driverless cars developments and 5G characteristics that such cars require to fulfil their tasks: the industry identified driverless cars as most viable form of ITS, dominating the roadways by 2040 and sparking dramatic changes in vehicular travel and transport economy.

The report updates the status of ITS standardization with the emphasis on WICT to sustain the uniform ITS development. It analyzes M2M specifics, industry activity, related markets and technologies.

The report also addresses Visible Light Communications (VLC) as an advanced technology for the ITS development, emphasizing that VLC is defined by the industry as a 5G technology. Details of VLC technological advances, its multiple ITS-related applications, market data and the survey of major industry players are also included.

The report is also analyzing advances in driverless car developments as a part of ITS progress related to the 5G evolution. Major driverless car features, standardization and the most important projects with multiple players’ products are analyzed. Benefits and issues of such cars commercial introduction are addressed. It is expected that by 2040 about 65%-70% of all cars on the roads will be driverless.

The report is intended for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the advanced ITS development; and for specialists in communications technologies that support such a development.

1.0 Introduction
1.1 Statistics
1.2 Goal
1.3 Scope
1.4 Research Methodology
1.5 Target Audience
2.0 ITS: Major Components and Characteristics
2.1 General
2.2 ITS Introduction: U.S.
2.3 Structure
2.4 Layers and Components-Roadways
2.5 Key Technologies
2.6 Subsystems
2.7 ITS Architecture: U.S.
2.7.1 General
2.7.2 Functionalities
2.7.3 Layers Details: Communications Layer Networks
2.7.4 Version 7.0
2.8 ITS Standardization: In Progress
2.8.1 Overview
2.8.2 ETSI - Europe
2.8.3 U.S. General National Transportation Communications for ITS Protocol (NTCIP) Scope Family
2.8.4 China
2.8.5 International General ITU
2.8.6 Summary
2.9 ITS Applications
2.10 ITS Market Statistics
2.10.1 General
2.10.2 Assumptions
2.10.3 Estimate
3.0 M2M and ITS
3.1 Differences
3.2 Definition and Process
3.2.1 Enablers and Braking Points: 2G-5G
3.3 Statistics
3.4 Properties and Architecture
3.5 Requirements and Current Status
3.5.1 Cellular
3.5.2 Short-range
3.5.3 Open Standard
3.6 Challenges
3.7 Advances
3.8 M2M Standardization
3.8.1 3GPP and M2M
3.8.2 OneM2M Alliance Varieties Service Layer Architecture Benefits
3.8.3 M2M World Alliance
3.8.4 M2M Alliance
3.8.5 Open Mobile Alliance (OMA)
3.8.6 ETSI TC
3.8.7 GSC MSTF
3.8.8 ITU
3.8.9 WAVE2M Aim Platform Global
3.8.10 IPSO Alliance
3.8.11 IETF and IP/WSN Major Projects
3.8.12 TIA
3.8.13 Summary
3.9 Specifics - ITS
3.9.1 Importance
3.9.2 Classification
3.9.3 M2M ITS Major Applications
3.9.4 Benefits and Limitations
3.9.5 H2H and M2M Sensors
3.10 M2M-ITS Communications Industry
Jasper Wireless
Kore Telematics
Raco Wireless
Wireless Logic
3.11 M2M Markets and Applications
3.11.1 Situation
3.11.2 Structure
3.11.3 Statistics
4.0 Visible Light Communications – 5G Technology for ITS
4.1 General
4.1.1 Drivers
4.1.2 Industry Activity UC-Light Center Europe
4.2 VLC Standards Development
4.2.1 The IEEE 802.15.7 Considerations Project Coexistence Essence Base Use Cases Physical Layer General Responsibilities Types Error Protection Rates Frequency Plan PHY Services Regulations MAC Layer Responsibilities Functionalities Security
4.2.2 Jeita (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association) JEITA CP-1221 JEITA CP-1222 JEITA CP-1223 (2013)
4.2.3 Visible Light Communications Consortium (VLCC) General Membership Experimental Systems - VLCC Projects
4.2.4 Li-Fi Consortium
4.3 Details
4.3.1 General
4.3.2 Communications Channel
4.3.3 Transmitter
4.3.4 Receiver Image Sensors LED as Receiver
4.3.5 Major Characteristics General Modulation VLC Channel: Characteristics Summary Emerging Areas Limiting Factors
4.4 Companies and Organizations
Nakagawa Laboratories
Omega Project
Outstanding Technology
Supreme Architecture
TCL - Sunpartner
4.5 Major Applications
4.5.1 General
4.5.2 ITS VLC Benefits Fields Traffic Light – Car Inter-vehicle Communications Intra-vehicle Communications Smart Cities
4.5.3 VLC – 5G Technology
4.6 Market
5.0 Driverless Car – 5G Era
5.1 General – Definition
5.1.1 ADAS
5.2 Directions and Issues
5.2.1 Current Status - Legalization
5.2.2 Major Benefits
5.2.3 Alternatives
5.3 Market Predictions and Price
5.4 Phases
5.4.1 Characteristics
5.5 Industry and R&D
5.5.1 Automakers Audi Ford GM Nissan Daimler/Mercedes VW and AdaptIVe Consortium Tesla Motors
5.5.2 R&D and Competitors Google Baidu DOTs Telecom Readiness -5G Huawei Swisscom QNX Continental Automotive Cohda Wireless
5.5.3 Sturt-ups
5.6 Standardization
5.6.1 NHTSA
5.6.2 SAE International
5.6.3 IEEE
5.6.4 Summary
5.7 M2M/IoT and Driverless Car
6.0 Conclusions
Figure 1: Wireless Communications: ITS Environment
Figure 2: ITS Architecture-Illustration
Figure 3: Europe – Standardization Organizations
Figure 4: U.S.-Standardization Bodies
Figure 5: NTCIP Structure
Figure 6: International –Standardization Bodies
Figure 7: TAM: Global ITS ($B)
Figure 8: TAM: ITS WICT- Global ($B)
Figure 9: ITS Equipment Sales by Regions ($B)
Figure 10: M2M Process
Figure 11: M2M-Simplified Architecture
Figure 12: Major Layers - oneM2M
Figure 13: ETSI Activity
Figure 14: Classification
Figure 15: Estimate: Global M2M Market Worth ($B)
Figure 16: Estimate: Global Automotive M2M Connections (B)
Figure 17: VLC Place
Figure 18: Illustration-VLC Channel
Figure 19: VLC Market Categories
Figure 20: TAM: Global - VLC Technology ($B)
Figure 21: Levels
Table 1: Road Crashes Statistics
Table 2: 3GPP Release 10 – M2M
Table 3: M2M-ITS Service Offerings – Major Service Providers
Table 4: Components
Table 5: Use Cases
Table 6: Devices and Characteristics
Table 7: Frequency Plan
Table 8: VLC Properties

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