Poland Third Party Logistics (3PL) Market - Growth, Trends, Forecasts (2020 - 2025)
Poland is one of the biggest markets in Central and Eastern Europe with a large number of organized and unorganized players including freight forwarders specializing in land, sea and air transportation, warehousing, cold chain service providers, courier, express and parcel service providers and total logistics services providers that operate a multimodal transport model. The 3PL market in Poland is expected to grow strongly with a CAGR of 3% during the forecast period 2020 2025. The rise in domestic consumption has powered the growth in the retail sector pushing growth in the logistics industry.
Key Market Trends
Boom in the Warehousing Sector
The warehouse and logistics market in Poland is driven by the demographic shift and the growth of ecommerce space in the country. The increase is evidenced by the growth in the parcel numbers. According to an analysis by DHL, ecommerce shipments account for around 50–55% of the total shipments. The estimates for 2021 reflect the number of parcels in Poland reaching over 500 million per year.
The small players in the ecommerce warehousing sector often prefer to share warehouse space with other smaller players. In 2021, large logistics parks are expected to be established with such growing ecommerce companies, offering more flexible terms like cowarehousing facilities.
The warehousing space requirement of the online stores is about three times more than the traditional retail chains. With the Polish eretail market growing 20% annually, the growth in space is also positively expected to cross 18 million square meters in the country. The industry is also focusing on creating warehousing hubs catering trade with the Central and Eastern European Region.
Increasing Demand for Cold Chain Supply in the Country
Poland produces more than 15 million tons of milk, 6 million tons of vegetables, 4 million tons of fruits, 2.3 million tons of poultry, 2 million tons of pork, 0.5 million tons of frozen vegetables and 0.5 million tons of fish & seafood. Exports and imports of the food items impose heavy demands on the chilled transporters. Perishable food items, in the case of fruit and vegetables, meat, fish and dairy products need controlled humidity throughout their transportation and warehousing. The development of the polish cold chain market is vital for the support and growth in trade of these products in the domestic as well as the international market.
Along with this a number of trends like changing lifestyle, health consciousness and growth in the organic food sector are also pushing the demand for the cold chain logistics and warehouse in the country.
The polish 3PL market is fairly fragmented including local and international players like CEVA Logistics, DHL, Ekol and DSV Group. The country works as a transit hub between Eastern and Western Europe, due to which the logistics center of Europe is shifting from Germany to Poland. Urban logistics is on the rise. The warehousing development activity in the first half of the year 2019 was very high at 2.25 million square meters. Upper Silesia is the most active market with 562,000 square meters of space under construction. The thirdparty logistics and retail, both traditional and ecommerce, created about 60% of demand for warehouse and industrial space across the country.
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