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Energy Independent Vehicles 2016-2026

Energy Independent Vehicles 2016-2026

You can already buy a tourist bus or boat or golf car that never plugs in or refuels because it captures enough sunshine. Buy an autonomous underwater vehicle that surfaces to recharge its batteries with sunshine and sometimes wave power. See ships and planes circumnavigating the world electrically on sunshine alone. Buy an electric plane with a propeller that goes backwards when it rides thermals to charge the battery. Buy a boat that has a thrust propeller that does the same when under sail or moored in a tidestream.

Electric energy independent vehicles (EIVs) are going to be of immense importance even in remote communities and the third world as they become much more capable. Energy independent airships, fixed wing planes and underwater vessels are being designed for surveillance and inspection.

A multi-billion dollar industry is awaiting those involved in boats, ships, aircraft, land vehicles and energy harvesting. The electric vehicle business is forecasted by IDTechEx to be around $500 billion in 2026, rising strongly thereafter.

In this 164 page report, with 119 figures and tables, the electric vehicle market addressable by energy independence technology is forecasted in 45 categories. And EIVs, often the end game, will be an increasingly significant part of it. 33 energy independent vehicle projects by land, on-water, underwater and in the air are analysed after a thorough grounding in the technologies. How those technologies will progress is given particular attention - from multi-mode harvesting to structural electronics where the structure doubles as supercapacitor, battery and so on. Achievements and potential are presented in easily understood form. The basis is almost entirely research in 2015 from intensive global travel, interviews and analysis by PhD level experts. Latest conference material and presentations from across the world are shown.

Land and water vehicles are pushing for higher speeds but the aircraft have got there and are now seeking other things, sometimes at slower speed. The other things include carrying more people and cargo and going further. The arrows show the trend in speed of next generation vs today's EIVs.

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1.1. Definition and characteristics
1.1.1. Definition
1.1.2. Characteristics
1.2. Market overview
1.2.1. Largest value market by power
1.3. Maturity of market by application
1.4. Hype curve for energy harvesting applications
1.5. EH systems
1.6. Market forecast 2016-2026
1.6.1. The big picture
1.6.2. Forecasts by technology
1.6.3. Overall market for transducers
1.6.4. Market for power conditioning
1.7. Technology timeline 2016-2025
1.8. Detailed technology sector forecasts 2015-2025
1.8.1. Electrodynamic
1.8.2. Photovoltaic
1.8.3. Thermoelectrics
1.8.4. Territorial differences
1.9. End game with EVs: high power energy harvesting
1.9.1. Place in history
1.9.2. Types
1.9.3. Multi-mode harvesting already
1.10. Types of EIV
1.11. Chasing speed or other capability
1.12. Technologies
1.13. Multi-mode energy harvesting
1.13.2. Importance at high power
1.13.3. Importance at low power
1.13.4. Common on land: rave in EIVs
1.14. Market potential
1.15. News in August 2016 - Unmanned surface vehicle crosses an ocean on solar power alone
2.1. Energy harvesting comes center stage
2.1.1. Why electric vehicles?
2.1.2. EV powertrain evolution
2.2. Energy Harvesting Microwatts to Megawatts Off-Grid
2.3. High power energy harvesting in the big picture
2.4. Progression to energy independent vehicles
2.4.1. SolarWorld e-One Germany
2.4.2. Solar Flight Sunseeker Duo USA
2.5. Fully energy independent vehicles
3.1. HPEH Technology
3.2. Technologies compared
3.2.1. Parametric
3.2.2. System design: transducer, power conditioning, energy storage
3.3. Mature technologies
3.3.1. Wind turbines, rotary blade
3.3.2. Conventional photovoltaics
3.3.3. Regenerative braking
3.4. Photovoltaics in future
3.4.1. Ultralight solar cells designed to drive drones
3.5. Triboelectric vehicle tires
3.6. Off-grid wave harvesting
3.6.1. Introduction
3.6.2. CorPower Ocean Sweden
3.6.3. Levant Power USA
3.6.4. National Agency for New Energy Technologies (ENEA) Italy
3.7. HPEH in context: IRENA Roadmap to 27% Renewable
3.8. Electric vehicle end game: free non-stop road travel
3.9. Photovoltaics and combination PV: key EIV enabler
3.9.1. Flexible, conformal, transparent, UV, IR
3.9.2. Technological options
3.9.3. Principles of operation
3.9.4. Options for flexible PV
3.9.5. Many types of photovoltaics needed for harvesting
3.9.6. Spray on power for electric vehicles and more
3.9.7. Powerweave harvesting and storage e-fiber/ e-textile for boats and airships
3.9.8. University of Bolton combined piezo and photo fiber
4.1. Case Western Reserve University USA cars
4.2. Dalian sightseeing car China
4.3. IFEVS microcar Italy
4.4. Immortus car Australia
4.5. NFH-H microbus China
4.6. Solar powered power chair in 2013
4.7. Solar racing cars worldwide
4.8. Venturi Eclectic car France
4.9. VineRobot Europe
5.1. Loon pontoon boat Canada
5.2. MARS Shuttleworth motor yacht, UK
5.3. Milper REP-SAIL motor yacht, Turkey
5.4. Rensea MARINA motor yacht Europe
5.5. Seaswarm oil slick gathering robot, USA
5.6. SoelCat motor boat Netherlands
5.7. SolarLab tourist boats Germany
5.8. Sun 21 Solar Boat
5.9. Turanor Planet Solar Germany
5.10. Vaka Moana motor yacht Netherlands
5.11. Wave and sun powered sea gliders
5.11.1. Falmouth Scientific Inc. USA
5.11.2. Liquid Robotics USA
5.11.3. US Naval Undersea Warfare Center
6.1. Dirisolar airship France
6.2. ETHZ UAV Switzerland
6.3. ISIS airship USA
6.4. Lockheed Martin airship USA
6.5. NASA Helios USA
6.6. Northrop Grumman airship USA
6.7. Projet Sol'r Nepheleos France
6.8. Solar Flight USA
6.9. Solar Impulse Switzerland
6.10. Solar powered drone Politecnico Di Torino (Polytechnic University Of Turin
6.11. Solar Ship inflatable aircraft Canada
6.12. Sunrise Solar airship Turkey
6.13. Turtle Airships Spain
7.1. Marine - various
7.2. Energy storage Japan
7.3. Spray on solar Netherlands
7.4. CargoTrike UK

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