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Electrical Power Storage Technologies for Alternative Energy Sources

Electrical Power Storage Technologies for Alternative Energy Sources

The global market for alternative energy storage market reached $847 million in 2016. This market should reach $1.3 billion in 2017 and nearly $5.7 billion by 2022 under a consensus scenario at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 34.0% through 2022.

Report Includes
An overview of the markets for electrical power storage technologies for alternative energy sources.
Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2016, projections for 2017, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2022.

In depth analysis of:
Batteries (including lead-acid, nickel-based, lithium-based, sodium-sulfur, and redox-flow systems).
Fuel cells, which can be powered by hydrogen generated by excess capacity.
Flywheel energy storage, which stores excess energy in a high-speed, rotating, kinetic battery.
Capacitive energy storage, which uses an electronic rather than an electrochemical approach to storing electrical energy.
Analysis of the market's dynamics, specifically growth drivers, restraints, and opportunities.
Major utility-scale alternative electrical power companies listed and characterized, and energy storage systems companies and integrators profiled.

Rpeort Scope
As defined by this report, alternative electrical power storage includes approaches that use primarily electric and high-speed kinetic approaches as opposed to larger-scale kinetic approaches such as pumped hydro and compressed air. As such, alternative electrical power storage includes:
Batteries (including lead acid, nickel-based, lithium-based, sodium-sulfur, and redox flow systems).
Fuel cells, which can be powered by hydrogen generated by excess capacity.
Flywheel energy storage, which stores excess energy in a high-speed rotating kinetic battery.

Capacitive energy storage, which uses an electronic rather than an electrochemical approach to store electrical energy.

As defined by this report, alternative electrical power storage refers primarily to power generated by means other than coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear, and hydroelectric (wind, solar, geothermal, and tidal/wave). However, the alternative market is discussed in relation to this established “conventional” market.  It should also be noted that many of the energy-storage technologies discussed in this report can also be used during conventional power generation for peak shifting.

This report discusses the North American, European, Far Eastern, and Rest of World market in terms of units, value and megawatt capacity.  A target market based on optimistic, pessimistic, and consensus alternative energy adoption and power storage potential is provided. This is compared to the conventional power generation target and peak-shifting opportunities.  Major utility-scale alternative electrical power companies are listed and characterized, and energy-storage system companies and integrators are profiled in detail.

Note that there is a significant distinction between the term “alternative power” and the more commonly used term “renewable energy.” The distinction is as follows: 

“Alternative power” is generated using processes beyond commonly used coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear, and hydropower.
“Renewable energy” is generated using processes that do not expend mined or pumped resources such as coal, oil, natural gas, and nuclear. However, in addition to all of the alternative fuels, renewable energy also includes hydropower.

An in-depth analysis of technical and business literature and published dissertations; a review of the history of the technologies involved; and interviews with industry experts, company representatives, federal government researchers, and university scientists provided an assessment of the outlook for alternative power storage.


Chapter 1: Introduction
Study Goals and Objectives
Reasons for Doing This Study
Scope of Report
Information Sources
Methodology
Geographic Breakdown
Analyst's Credentials
Related BCC Research Reports
Chapter 2: Summary and Highlights
Chapter 3: Electrical Power Generation Approaches
Power Generation Components
Operating an Electric Utility
Types of Power Plants
Components and Concept Definitions
The Power Grid
Current State: Generations One and Two
Future State: Generations Three and Four
Chapter 4: Market Power Grids by Region or Country
North American Power Grids
European Power Grids
Japanese Power Grids
Chinese Power Grids
Indian Power Grids
"Base of the Pyramid" Power Grid Development
African Power Grid
Chapter 5: Alternative Power Generation Technologies
Solar
Solar Power Fundamentals
Solar Power Storage
Wind
Wind Power Fundamentals
Wind Power Storage
Tidal and Wave
Tidal and Wave Power Fundamentals
Tidal and Wave Power Storage
Geothermal
Geothermal Power Fundamentals
Geothermal Power Storage
Chapter 6: Power Storage
Batteries
Battery Background
Battery Types
Lead Acid Batteries
Nickel-metal Hydride Batteries
Lithium-ion and Lithium-polymer Batteries
Metal-air Batteries
Aluminum-air Batteries
Zinc-air Batteries
Iron-air Batteries
Lithium-air Batteries
Nickel-hydrogen Secondary Batteries
High-temperature Lithium Batteries
Sodium-sulfur Batteries
Redox and Flow Batteries
Nickel Iron Batteries
Nickel-zinc Batteries
Sodium-metal Chloride Batteries
Hydronium Ion Battery
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cell Background
Fuel Cell Types
Hydrogen Fuel
Capacitive Storage
Supercapacitors
Aerocapacitors
The Ultrabattery
Flywheel Energy Storage
Chapter 7: Power Storage Companies
Lead Acid Battery Companies
Nickel-based Battery Companies
Lithium Battery Companies
Metal-air Battery Companies
Flow Battery Companies
Sodium-sulfur Battery Companies
Capacitive Energy Storage Companies
Flywheel Energy Storage Companies
Fuel Cell Companies
Alternative Power Storage Company Profiles
Chapter 8: Industry Structure
Market Drivers
Energy Information Administration Global Conventional Electric Energy Baseline and Forecast
Energy Information Administration Global Alternative/Renewable Electric Energy Baseline and Forecast
Driving Force: Alternative Power Generation and Storage Prices
Driving Force: Alternative Power Storage System Costs
Driving Force: Alternative Power Storage Procurement Process
Driving Force: Stored Energy Pricing Considerations
Driving Force: Renewable Energy Certificates
Driving Force: Standards and Guidelines
Political Market Drivers
Driving Force: Direct Regulatory Barriers to Alternative Power Storage
Driving Force: Alternative Power Storage Policy Goals
Environmental Market Drivers
Driving Force: Direct Environmental Impact
Utility Industry Optimization Drivers
Driving Force: A New, Competitive U.S. Utility Industry
Driving Force: Impact on the Electric Utility Industry
Driving Force: Impact on Electricity Buyers
Intellectual Property Drivers
Driving Force: The Commercialization Process
Alternative Power Storage Research Associations
Chapter 9: Alternative Power Storage Markets
Alternative Power Storage Market Background
Alternative Power Storage Market Drivers and Scenarios
Markets by Power Generation Type
A Systems Approach to the Markets
Markets by Region
Markets by Power Storage Technology
Markets Beyond 2022
Chapter 10: Power Storage Integrators
Types of Alternative Power Storage System Integrators
Wind Alternative Power Integrators
Solar Alternative Power Integrators
Geothermal Alternative Power Integrators
Tidal and Wave Alternative Power Integrators
Power Storage Integrator Profiles
Appendix: Abbreviations
About BCC Research
About BCC Research
BCC Membership
BCC Custom Research
List of Tables
Summary Table: Global Alternative Energy Storage Market by Power Source, Consensus Scenario, Through 2022 ($ Millions)
Table 1 Load Leveling and Peak Shifting Approaches
Table 2 Leading U.S. Electric Utilities Ranked by Customer
Table 3 Existing Capacity by Energy Source, 2015-2016 Timeframe (Number/MW)
Table 4 ENTSO-E (The European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity)
Table 5 Japanese Power Utilities
Table 6 Chinese Power Utilities
Table 7 Applications for Storage-Integrated Photovoltaics
Table 8 Technologies for Photovoltaic Power Storage
Table 9 Power Storage Functionality
Table 10 Potential Alternative Power Storage Battery Systems
Table 11 Conductive Polymer Battery Energy Densities
Table 12 VRB Specifications
Table 13 Candidate Alternative Power Storage Fuel Cells
Table 14 Hydrogen Production Methods
Table 15 Hydrogen Electrolyzer/Fuel-cell Energy Storage with Hydrogen Storage in Wind Turbine Towers, 2010 and 2020
Table 16 Supercapacitors Compared to Batteries
Table 17 Flywheel Energy Storage Advantages
Table 18 Flywheel Energy-storage Definitions
Table 19 Lead Acid Battery Companies
Table 20 Nickel-based Battery Companies
Table 21 Lithium Battery Companies
Table 22 Metal-air Battery Companies
Table 23 Flow Battery Companies
Table 24 Sodium-sulfur Battery Companies
Table 25 Capacitive Energy Storage Companies
Table 26 Flywheel Energy Storage Companies
Table 27 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Companies
Table 28 Global Total Installed Generating Capacity, by Region and Country, 2011–2040 (Gigawatts) . 239
Table 29 Global Installed Wind Powered Generating Capacity, by Region and Country, 2012–2040 (Gigawatts)
Table 30 Global Installed Geothermal Generating Capacity, by Region and Country, 2011–2040 (Gigawatts)
Table 31 Global Installed Solar Generating Capacity, by Region and Country, 2012–2040
(Gigawatts)
Table 32 Global Installed Other Renewable Generating Capacity, by Region and Country, 2012–2040 (Gigawatts)
Table 33 Global Net Wind Powered Electricity Generation from Central Producers, by Region and Country, 2012–2040 (Billion Kilowatt-Hours)
Table 34 Global Net Geothermal Electricity Generation from Central Producers, by Region and Country, 2012–2040 (Billion Kilowatt-Hours)
Table 35 Global Net Solar Electricity Generation from Central Producers, by Region and Country, 2012–2040 (Billion Kilowatt-Hours)
Table 36 Global Net Other Renewable Electricity Generation from Central Producers, by Region and Country, 2012–2040 (Billion Kilowatt-Hours)
Table 37 Estimated Levelized Cost of New-generation Resources, 2022
Table 38 Typical Alternative Power Storage System Cost Components
Table 39 Qualitative Environmental Impacts of Energy Storage Systems
Table 40 Power Storage Technology Market Drivers
Table 41 Consensus, Optimistic, and Pessimistic Power Storage Technology Scenarios
Table 42 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by Power Generation, Consensus Scenario, Through 2022 ($ Millions)
Table 43 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by Power Generation, Consensus Scenario, Through 2022 (Hundred Units)
Table 44 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by Power Generation, Consensus Scenario, Through 2022 (Ten Megawatts)
Table 45 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by Power Generation, Optimistic Scenario, Through 2022 ($ Millions)
Table 46 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by Power Generation, Optimistic Scenario, Through 2022 (Hundred Units)
Table 47 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by Power Generation, Optimistic Scenario, Through 2022 (Ten Megawatts)
Table 48 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by Power Generation, Pessimistic Scenario, Through 2022 ($ Millions)
Table 49 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by Power Generation, Pessimistic Scenario, Through 2022 (Hundred Units)
Table 50 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by Power Generation, Pessimistic Scenario, Through 2022 (Ten Megawatts)
Table 51 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by System Maturity, Consensus Scenario, Through 2022 ($ Millions)
Table 52 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by System Maturity, Consensus Scenario, Through 2022 (Hundred Units)
Table 53 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by System Maturity, Consensus Scenario, Through 2022 (Ten Megawatts)
Table 54 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by System Maturity, Optimistic Scenario, Through 2022 ($ Millions)
Table 55 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by System Maturity, Optimistic Scenario, Through 2022 (Hundred Units)
Table 56 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by System Maturity, Optimistic Scenario, Through 2022 (Ten Mw)
Table 57 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by System Maturity, Pessimistic Scenario, Through 2022 ($ Millions)
Table 58 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by System Maturity, Pessimistic Scenario, Through 2022 (Hundred Units)
Table 59 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by System Maturity, Pessimistic Scenario, Through 2022 (Ten Mw)
Table 60 Global Alternative Energy Storage, by Region, Consensus Scenario, Through 2022 ($ Millions
Table 61 Global Alternative Energy Storage, by Region, Consensus Scenario, Through 2022 (Hundred Units)
Table 62 Global Alternative Energy Storage by Region, Consensus Scenario, Through 2022 (Ten Mw) 290
Table 63 Global Alternative Energy Storage by Region, Optimistic Scenario, Through 2022 ($ Millions)
Table 64 Global Alternative Energy Storage by Region, Optimistic Scenario, Through 2022 (Hundred Units)
Table 65 Global Alternative Energy Storage by Region, Optimistic Scenario, Through 2022 (Ten Mw) 291
Table 66 Global Alternative Energy Storage by Region, Pessimistic Scenario, Through 2022 ($ Millions)
Table 67 Global Alternative Energy Storage by Region, Pessimistic Scenario, Through 2022 (Hundred Units)
Table 68 Global Alternative Energy Storage by Region, Pessimistic Scenario, Through 2022 (Ten Mw) 292
Table 69 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by Power Source, Consensus Scenario, Through 2022 ($ Millions)
Table 70 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by Power Source, Optimistic Scenario, Through 2022 ($ Millions)
Table 71 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by Power Source, Pessimistic Scenario, Through 2022 ($ Millions)
Table 72 Wind Alternative Power Integrators
Table 73 Solar Alternative Power Integrators
Table 74 Geothermal Alternative Power Integrators
Table 75 Tidal and Wave Alternative Power Integrators
Table 76 Abbreviations Used in Report
List of Figures
Summary Figure: Global Alternative Energy Storage Market by Power Source, Consensus Scenario, 2011-2022 ($ Millions)
Figure 1 Comparison of Power Storage Approaches
Figure 2 Conceptual Drawing of Hydrogen Storage in Wind Turbine Tower
Figure 3 Cost Breakdown for Modifying Wind Turbine Tower to Include Hydrogen Storage (%)
Figure 4 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by Generation Source, Consensus Scenario, 2017 (%/$ Millions)
Figure 5 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by System Maturity, Consensus Scenario, 2017 (%/$ Millions)
Figure 6 Global Alternative Energy Storage, by Region, Consensus Scenario, 2017 (%/$ Millions)
Figure 7 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by Power Source, Consensus Scenario, 2011–2022 ($ Millions)
Figure 8 Global Alternative Energy Storage Market, by Power Source, Consensus Scenario, 2017 (%/$ Millions)

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