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Electric Vehicles and Fuel Cell Vehicles: Technologies and Global Markets

Electric Vehicles and Fuel Cell Vehicles: Technologies and Global Markets

The global electric vehicle (EV) market was worth over $73.0 billion in 2014. This market is expected to reach about $109.8 billion by 2019, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.5% from 2014 to 2019.

This report provides:

An overview of the global market for electric vehicles including battery-powered vehicles, fuel cell-powered vehicles, and hybrid vehicles.

Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2013 and 2014, and projections of CAGRs through 2019. Both value and units shipped are provided.

Details on many types of electric vehicles being considered including passenger cars, trucks, buses, eBikes and scooters, motorcycles, and material handling and industrial vehicles.

Discussion on developing EV markets like military vehicles, locomotives, marine vehicles, and vehicle auxiliary power units.

A summary of the power sources that make these vehicles possible; power sources considered include lead-acid, nickel metal hydride, lithium-ion batteries and proton exchange membrane fuel cells, and developmental and niche power source possibilities are also considered.


SCOPE OF REPORT

After decades of expensive development and false starts, the world is finally ready for electric vehicles. As defined by this report, the term “electric vehicles” includes commercial approaches such as pure battery-powered vehicles, plug-in hybrids, hybrid internal combustion/battery, range extending, and fuel cell vehicles, as well as vehicles powered by developmental power sources such as supercapacitors and flywheel-powered. In addition to cars and trucks, this report considers motorcycles, scooters, buses, neighborhood electric vehicles, military vehicles and locomotives.

This report details the actuals for 2009 and 2013, and compound annual growth rate (CAGR) projections for 2014 through 2019 for the North American, European, Far Eastern and Rest-of-World markets. Power source sales and values are provided under consensus, optimistic and pessimistic scenarios. A patent analysis and discussion for power sources and vehicle components describes where research is performed and emphasizes intellectual property issues.

As defined by BCC Research for this report, electric vehicles and fuel cell vehicles include the following:
Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs).
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs).
Electric vehicles (pure EVs).

Specific types of vehicles using these batteries include:
Passenger vehicles (sedans, microcars, SUVs, crossover SUVs, pickup trucks, sports cars).
Low-velocity (golf carts, neighborhood electric vehicles, personal mobility devices).
Scooters (two-wheelers, motorcycles, some three-wheelers).
Buses.
Commercial/industrial (material handling equipment, burden carriers, forklifts, trucks).
Niche (military, locomotives).

These market sectors are defined, leading companies are identified and the markets analyzed (including a five-year market forecast). Finally, status and recent events for power source maker companies are provided in the “Company Profiles” section.

Regions covered include:
North America: Canada and the U.S.
Far East: Japan, China, India, Indonesia, etc.
Europe: Western Europe.
Rest of World (ROW): South America, Mexico, Central America, Africa, Middle East, Australia, New Zealand, other Pacific nations, Russia, Eastern Europe and Turkey.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
INTENDED AUDIENCE
SCOPE OF REPORT
METHODOLOGY
INFORMATION SOURCES
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY
SUMMARY TABLE 1 ELECTRIC VEHICLE VALUE BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
SUMMARY FIGURE 1 TIME VERSUS VALUE EV VALUE BY CONFIGURATION, 2009-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
SUMMARY TABLE 2 ELECTRIC VEHICLE SHIPMENTS BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
SUMMARY FIGURE 2 EV SHIPMENTS 2014, BY CONFIGURATION (%)
CHAPTER 3 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE: OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW: TYPES OF POWER SOURCES
Internal Combustion Power Sources
Battery Power Sources
Fuel Cell Power Sources
Exotic Power Sources
Hybrid Power Sources
OVERVIEW: VEHICLE TYPES
TABLE 1 ELECTRIC VEHICLE TYPES
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE: MARKET TRENDS
GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT
Pollution Abatement
TABLE 2 PROJECTED ANNUAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
REDUCTIONS FROM PHEVS IN 2050 (MILLION MT)
TABLE 3 PEAK NEW VEHICLE MARKET SHARE IN 2050 FOR THE THREE
PHEV ADOPTION SCENARIOS (%)
Electric Utility Efficiency
Promotion of Domestic Energy Sources
Maintaining Technological Competitiveness through Subsidies and
Incentives
U.S. and State EV Battery Incentives and Subsidies
U.S. and State EV Fuel Cell Incentives and Subsidies
"EV Everywhere Grand Challenge"
TABLE 4 "EV EVERYWHERE GRAND CHALLENGE"
Canadian EV Battery and Fuel Cell Incentives and Subsidies
Chinese EV Battery and Fuel Cell Incentives and Subsidies
Indian EV Battery and Fuel Cell Incentives and Subsidies
Japanese EV Battery and Fuel Cell Incentives and Subsidies
European EV Battery and Fuel Cell Incentives and Subsidies
Indirect Incentives for EVs
CAFE and Other Fuel Efficiency Standards
Carbon Taxes
TABLE 5 INTERNATIONAL CARBON TAX STATUS
U.S. Federal and State Fuel Tax Scenarios and Their Impact on Power
Sources
TABLE 6 CURRENT FEDERAL MOTOR FUEL TAX RATES
TABLE 7 CURRENT STATE MOTOR FUEL TAX RATES (CENTS PER GALLON)
HEV AND EV BATTERY SAFETY ISSUES
Lithium-ion Battery Stability Issues
MARKET DRIVERS
Passenger Vehicle Market Drivers
Low-Velocity Vehicle Market Drivers
Scooter Market Drivers
Bus Market Drivers
Commercial/Industrial Vehicle Market Drivers
Niche Vehicle Market Drivers
HEV Market Drivers
PHEV Market Drivers
Pure EV Market Drivers
Battery-Powered Vehicle Market Drivers
Market Drivers Summary
TABLE 8 VEHICLE MARKET DRIVERS
TABLE 9 CONFIGURATION MARKET DRIVERS
BASIS FOR FORECAST SCENARIOS
TABLE 10 COMPARISON OF CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC
SCENARIOS
PRICING TRENDS
EV, PHEV and HEV Pricing Model
TABLE 11 PRICE SURVEY BY CONFIGURATION
TABLE 12 PRICE SURVEY BY SPECIFIC 2014 EVS AND PHEVS
HEV Battery Pricing Model
EV Battery Pricing Model
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE: MARKET ORGANIZATION
LEADING ELECTRIC VEHICLE MAKERS
TABLE 13 FUEL CELL VEHICLES, HEV, PHEV AND PURE EV AUTOMAKERS
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE: PATENT TENSION
THE HISTORY OF THE NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE EV BATTERY INTELLECTUAL
PROPERTY SUITE
UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS, HYDRO QUÉBEC, NTT AND OTHERS
VALENCE VERSUS PHOSTECH LITHIUM AND HYDRO-QUEBEC
3M, SONY, LENOVO AND PANASONIC
AN EXCEPTION: TESLA'S EV BATTERY PORTFOLIO GOES "OPEN SOURCE"
FUEL CELL PATENT DISPUTES AND ISSUES
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE: GLOBALIZATION
GLOBAL MARKET FORCES
TABLE 14 REGIONAL MARKET FORCES AND CONSTRAINTS
CHAPTER 4 VEHICLES
VEHICLE MARKETS BY TYPE
PASSENGER VEHICLES
Passenger Vehicle Companies
TABLE 15 ELECTRIC PASSENGER VEHICLE MAKERS
Passenger Vehicle Market Summary
TABLE 16 PASSENGER VEHICLE MARKET DRIVERS
TABLE 17 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC PASSENGER VEHICLE SCENARIOS
TABLE 18 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 19 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 20 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 21 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 23 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 24 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 25 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 26 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 27 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 28 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC
SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 29 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLES
Low-Velocity Vehicle Companies
TABLE 30 ELECTRIC LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE MAKERS
Low-Velocity Vehicle Market Summary
TABLE 31 LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE MARKET DRIVERS
TABLE 32 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC LOW-VELOCITY
VEHICLE SCENARIOS
TABLE 33 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO)
($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 34 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO)
(1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 35 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 36 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO)(1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 37 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 38 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO)(1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 39 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 40 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000UNITS)
TABLE 41 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 42 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000UNITS)
TABLE 43 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 44 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000UNITS)
SCOOTERS
Scooter Companies
TABLE 45 ELECTRIC MOTORCYCLE AND SCOOTER MAKERS AND MODELS
TABLE 46 ELECTRIC MOTORCYCLE AND SCOOTER MAKERS
Scooter Market Summary
TABLE 47 SCOOTER MARKET DRIVERS
TABLE 48 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC SCOOTER
SCENARIOS
TABLE 49 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 50 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 51 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 52 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 53 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 54 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 55 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 56 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 57 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 58 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 59 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 60 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
BUSES
Bus Companies
TABLE 61 ELECTRIC BUS MAKERS AND MODELS
TABLE 62 ELECTRIC BUS MAKERS
Bus Market Summary
TABLE 63 BUS MARKET DRIVERS
TABLE 64 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC BUS
SCENARIOS
TABLE 65 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 66 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 67 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 68 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 69 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 70 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 71 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 72 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 73 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 74 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 75 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 76 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL
Commercial/Industrial Companies
TABLE 77 ELECTRIC TRUCK MAKERS AND MODELS
TABLE 78 ELECTRIC BUS, TRUCK, INDUSTRIAL AND LOCOMOTIVE
MAKERS
Commercial/Industrial Market Summary
TABLE 79 COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL VEHICLE MARKET DRIVERS
TABLE 80 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC COMMERCIAL/ INDUSTRIAL SCENARIOS
TABLE 81 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 82 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO)(1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 83 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 84 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO)(1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 85 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 86 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO)(1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 87 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 88 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000UNITS)
TABLE 89 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 90 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000UNITS)
TABLE 91 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 92 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000UNITS)
NICHE
Niche Vehicle Companies
Niche Vehicle Market Summary
TABLE 93 NICHE VEHICLE MARKET DRIVERS
TABLE 94 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC NICHE
SCENARIOS
TABLE 95 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 96 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 97 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 98 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 99 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 100 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 101 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 102 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 103 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 104 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 105 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 106 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
VEHICLE MARKETS BY POWER SOURCE
BATTERY-POWERED SOURCE MARKET SUMMARY
TABLE 107 BATTERY-POWERED SOURCE MARKET DRIVERS
TABLE 108 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC
BATTERY-POWERED VEHICLE SCENARIOS
Lead-Acid Battery Market Summary
TABLE 109 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID EV BATTERY MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 110 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000
UNITS)
TABLE 111 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 112 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000UNITS)
TABLE 113 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 114 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000UNITS)
Nickel Metal Hydride Battery Market Summary
TABLE 115 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO)($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 116 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO)(1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 117 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 118 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO)(1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 119 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO)($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 120 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO)(1,000 UNITS)
Lithium-Ion Battery Market Summary
TABLE 121 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 122 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000UNITS)
TABLE 123 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 124 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 125 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 126 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000UNITS)
FUEL CELL POWER SOURCE MARKET SUMMARY
TABLE 127 FUEL CELL POWER SOURCE MARKET DRIVERS
TABLE 128 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC FUEL CELL
VEHICLE SCENARIOS
TABLE 129 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 130 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 131 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, HROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 132 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 133 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 134 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
EXOTIC POWER SOURCE MARKET SUMMARY
TABLE 135 EXOTIC POWER SOURCE MARKET DRIVERS
TABLE 136 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC EXOTIC POWER
SOURCE VEHICLE SCENARIOS
TABLE 137 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 138 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO)
(1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 139 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($MILLIONS)
TABLE 140 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO)
(1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 141 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 142 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO)(1,000 UNITS)
VEHICLE MARKETS BY CONFIGURATION
HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE CONFIGURATION MARKET SUMMARY
TABLE 143 HEV CONFIGURATION MARKET DRIVERS
TABLE 144 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC HEV SCENARIOS
TABLE 145 TOTAL GLOBAL HEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 146 TOTAL GLOBAL HEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 147 TOTAL GLOBAL HEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 148 TOTAL GLOBAL HEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 149 TOTAL GLOBAL HEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 150 TOTAL GLOBAL HEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 151 TOTAL GLOBAL PHEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE CONFIGURATION MARKET SUMMARY
TABLE 152 PHEV CONFIGURATION MARKET DRIVERS
TABLE 153 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC PHEV
SCENARIOS
TABLE 154 TOTAL GLOBAL PHEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 155 TOTAL GLOBAL PHEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 156 TOTAL GLOBAL PHEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 157 TOTAL GLOBAL PHEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 158 TOTAL GLOBAL PHEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
PURE ELECTRIC VEHICLE CONFIGURATION MARKET SUMMARY
TABLE 159 PURE EV CONFIGURATION MARKET DRIVERS
TABLE 160 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC PURE EV SCENARIOS
TABLE 161 TOTAL GLOBAL PURE EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 162 TOTAL GLOBAL PURE EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 163 TOTAL GLOBAL PURE EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 164 TOTAL GLOBAL PURE EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 165 TOTAL GLOBAL PURE EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 166 TOTAL GLOBAL PURE EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
VEHICLE MARKET SUMMARY
VEHICLE MARKET SUMMARY BY TYPE
TABLE 167 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 168 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 169 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 170 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 171 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 172 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
VEHICLE MARKET SUMMARY BY POWER SOURCE
TABLE 173 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 174 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 175 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 176 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 177 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 178 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
VEHICLE MARKET SUMMARY BY CONFIGURATION
TABLE 179 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 180 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 181 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 182 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TABLE 183 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 184 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
VEHICLE MARKET SUMMARY BY REGION
Lead-Acid Battery-Powered EV Market by Region
TABLE 185 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 186 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
Nickel Metal Hydride Battery-Powered EV Market by Region
TABLE 187 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 188 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
Lithium-Ion Battery-Powered EV Market by Region
TABLE 189 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 190 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
Fuel-Cell-Powered EV Market by Region
TABLE 191 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 192 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
Exotic Energy Storage-Powered EV Market by Region
TABLE 193 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 194 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
VEHICLE MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM
NORTH AMERICAN EV MARKET
TABLE 195 TOTAL NORTH AMERICAN EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 196 TOTAL NORTH AMERICAN EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
EUROPEAN EV MARKET
TABLE 197 TOTAL EUROPEAN EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 198 TOTAL EUROPEAN EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
FAR EAST EV MARKET
TABLE 199 TOTAL FAR EAST EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 200 TOTAL FAR EAST EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
REST OF WORLD EV MARKET
TABLE 201 TOTAL ROW EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 202 TOTAL ROW EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY REGION
TABLE 203 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 204 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS)
CHAPTER 5 COMPANY PROFILES
AC PROPULSION
AIXAM PRODUCTION
AMZ-KUTNO
ARCIMOTO
ASTONBUS
AUTOMOTIVE FUEL CELL COOPERATION CORP.
BAE SYSTEMS
BALQON CORP.
BENTLEY MOTORS INC.
BLUE SKY DESIGN
BMW (ROLLS-ROYCE, MINI)
TABLE 205 BMW AND MINI'S EV PRODUCTS
BNSF RAILWAY
BOULDER ELECTRIC VEHICLE
BOLLORE
BOMBARDIER RECREATIONAL
BRAMMO INC.
BREDAMENARINIBUS
BREMACH
BUDDY ELECTRIC
BULTACO
BYD COMPANY LIMITED
TABLE 206 BYD AND BYD MINI'S EV PRODUCTS
CASTROSUA
CHERY INTERNATIONAL
CHINA FAW GROUP CORP.
CHINA MOTOR CORP.
CHRYSLER (SUBSIDIARY OF FIAT CHRYSLER AUTOMOBILES NV)
CLUB CAR (INGERSOLL RAND)
COLUMBIA PAR CAR
COMMUTER CARS
CONTINENTAL CORP.
CT&T
CURRENT MOTOR CO.
CURRIE TECHNOLOGIES
DAF TRUCKS
DAIHATSU
DAIMLER (MERCEDES BENZ, SMART, MITSUBISHI FUSO, ORION BUS
INDUSTRIES/DAIMLER BUSES NORTH AMERICA)
TABLE 207 MERCEDES-BENZ, MINI AND SMART'S EV PRODUCTS
DESIGNLINE BUS PACIFIC
DETROIT ELECTRIC
DOK-ING
DOLOMITECH
DONGFENG MOTOR COMPANY
DYNASTY ELECTRIC VEHICLES LTD.
EATON CORP.
EBARACUS
EBUS
ELECTRA CITY MOTORS
ELECTRIC MOTORSPORT
ELECTRIC VEHICLES INTERNATIONAL
ENERGICA
ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE VEHICLES
ENOVA
ETUKTUK
FERRARI
FINE MOBILE GMBH
FISKER AUTOMOTIVE (WANXIANG GROUP)
FORD MOTOR CO. (LINCOLN, MERCURY)
TABLE 208 FORD AND LINCOLN'S EV PRODUCTS
GENERAL DYNAMICS LAND SYSTEMS
GENERAL MOTORS (CHEVROLET AND CADILLAC)
TABLE 209 GM'S EV PRODUCTS
GGT ELECTRIC
TABLE 210 GGT ELECTRIC'S EV PRODUCTS
GILLIG
GO3WHEELER
GREENTECH AUTOMOTIVE
GROUP LOTUS
HARLEY DAVIDSON
HESS
HONDA (ACURA)
TABLE 211 HONDA'S EV PRODUCTS
HYUNDAI MOTOR
TABLE 212 HYUNDAI'S EV PRODUCTS
INTELLIGENT ENERGY
INTERNATIONAL FUEL CELLS COLLABORATIVE
U.S. FUEL CELL BUS RESEARCH
U.S. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS
EU FUEL CELLS AND HYDROGEN JOINT UNDERTAKING (FCH JU)
CLEAN HYDROGEN IN EUROPEAN CITIES (CHIC)
THE HYDROGEN BUS ALLIANCE
THE CALIFORNIA FUEL CELL PARTNERSHIP (CAFCP)
ITALCAR
IVECO
JAC MOTORS
JR EAST
KANDI TECHNOLOGIES
KIA MOTORS
TABLE 213 KIA'S EV PRODUCTS
KTM POWER SPORTS AG
LIBERTY ELECTRIC CARS (GREEN AUTOMOTIVE)
LIEBHERR
LIGHTNING CAR COMPANY
LIGHTNING MOTORCYCLES
LIT MOTORS
LITO GREEN MOTION
LUJO EV R&D
LUXGEN
MAHINDRA REVA
MALONE CAR CO.
MAN AG
MAZDA
MCLAREN AUTO
MICRO-VETT SPA
MILES ELECTRIC VEHICLES (CODA)
MILLENWORKS
MISSION MOTORS
MITSUBISHI CORP. AND MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES
TABLE 214 MITSUBISHI'S EV PRODUCTS
MOTOR COACH INDUSTRIES
MYERS MOTORS
NATIONAL ELECTRIC VEHICLE SWEDEN AB
NAVISTAR (INTERNATIONAL TRUCK AND ENGINE & IC BUS)
NEW FLYER INDUSTRIES
NISSAN MOTOR CO. (INFINITI AND NISSAN FORKLIFT)
TABLE 215 NISSAN AND INFINITI'S EV PRODUCTS
NORTH AMERICAN BUS INDUSTRIES
OKA AUTO USA (MIROX CORP.)
OPTARE
OSHKOSH TRUCK CORP.
PARRY PEOPLE MOVERS
PERAVES (MONO-TRACER)
PEUGEOT
PHOENIX MOTORCARS
PIAGGIO GROUP
POLARIS (GLOBAL ELECTRIC MOTOR CARS)
PORSCHE
TABLE 216 PORSCHE'S EV PRODUCTS
PROTERRA
PROTON
PVI
QUANTYA
RAILPOWER TECHNOLOGIES
RDM GROUP
RENAULT AND RENAULT TRUCKS
TABLE 217 RENAULT'S EV PRODUCTS
RIMAC
ROEWE (SHANGHAI AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY CORP.)
SCOOT (PANTHER MOTORS)
SEGWAY
SHELBY SUPERCARS
SHENZHEN BYD DAIMLER NEW TECHNOLOGY (DENZA)
SINAUTEC
SKODA
SMITH ELECTRIC VEHICLES
SOLARIS BUS AND COACH
STEVENS VEHICLES
SUBARU (FUJI HEAVY INDUSTRIES)
SUZUKI MOTOR CORP.
SYM MOTORS
TATA MOTORS
TAZZARI
TECNOBUS
TERRA MOTORS
TESLA MOTORS
THUNDER SKY ENERGY GROUP
TOYOTA (TOYOTA, LEXUS AND SCION)
TABLE 218 TOYOTA, LEXUS AND SCION'S EV PRODUCTS
TABLE 219 TMC HYBRID VEHICLE CHRONOLOGY
TABLE 220 TOYOTA HYBRID VEHICLE SALES (1,000 VEHICLES)
TABLE 221 CUMULATIVE SALES OF TMC HYBRID PASSENGER VEHICLES (UNITS = 1,000 VEHICLES)
TRITON TRIKES
TTW
TABLE 222 TTW TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
VENTURI
VIA MOTORS
VISION INDUSTRIES CORP.
VISIONARY VEHICLES
VMOTO
VOLKSWAGEN (AUDI)
TABLE 223 VOLKSWAGEN AND AUDI'S EV PRODUCTS
VOLVO CARS
TABLE 224 VOLVO'S EV PRODUCTS
WHEEGO ELECTRIC CARS
WRIGHTBUS
YAMAHA
TABLE 225 YAMAHA'S EV PRODUCTS
Z ELECTRIC VEHICLE CORP.
ZAP (ZAP JONWAY)
TABLE 226 ZAP'S EV PRODUCTS
ZERO MOTORCYCLES
ZERO TRUCK
ZONDA BUS
ZYTEK AUTOMOTIVE
CHAPTER 6 APPENDIX EV POWER SOURCE MAKERS
TABLE 227 EV POWER SOURCE MAKERS

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