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Analyzing Clean Coal Combustion Technologies 2015

Analyzing Clean Coal Combustion Technologies 2015

There is no doubt that coal-fired power plants will continue to dominate the future of power generation in the coming years. Growing concerns with relation to the burning of coal has in recent years given rise to the growing industry of clean coal technologies. Clean coal is a term that is used to refer to the lower emissions from coal usage in power generation. Processes have been designed to reduce emissions from the burning of coal.

Aruvian Research's report Analyzing Clean Coal Combustion Technologies analyzes these processes that are now becoming widely used. In this report, we also analyze the equipments that are used for 'cleaning' coal such as electrostatic precipitators, NOx control equipments, flue gas desulphurization, and others.

Apart from reducing air emissions from coal, clean coal combustion technologies also reduce other pollutants from coal burning power plants, thus making them a relatively safer option for the environment.

The report, Analyzing Clean Coal Combustion Technologies, begins with an understanding of coal's history, types of coal and its composition, the environmental fallout of coal and coal burn residue management. Consolidation in the global coal industry is also analyzed.

We analyze the global coal industry during the years 2010 till 2019. The section on analyzing the global coal industry looks at the overall presence of coal in global energy markets, energy security and coal, production and consumption statistics of coal, overview of the industry through statistics, growth by value and volume, industry segmentation and a forecast to 2019 of the global coal industry.

Moving on to the analysis of clean coal combustion technologies, we look at an overview of clean coal, the technologies used in clean coal - coal washing, advancing pollution control, Supercritical Pulverized Coal and Ultra-supercritical Pulverized Coal, Pressurized Circulating Fluid Bed Combustion (PCFBC) and Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC).

The market for clean coal equipment is analyzed for the years 2006 to 2020. Equipments included in the analysis are Electrostatic Precipitators (ESP), Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD), Spray Dry Scrubbers for SOx Control, Wet FGD Technology and Control Equipments for NOx.

The report further looks at factors driving the industry as well as challenges impacting the growth of the clean coal market in the section Impacts on the Industry. We look at factors such as shortage of suppliers, high cost of clean coal technology, expansion of renewable energy, clean air initiatives across countries and many other factors.

Regulatory framework affecting the industry is analyzed by regions - North America, Europe and Asia Pacific.

A brief profile of carbon sequestration is also provided in the report.

An analysis of the eight major industry players in the clean coal combustion technology market is carried out through a corporate profile, an analysis of their business segments, a financial analysis and a SWOT Analysis.


A. Executive Summary
B. Understanding Coal
B.1 Coal as a Fuel – Historical Perspective
B.2 Composition of Coal
B.3 Types of Coal
B.3.1 Anthracite
B.3.2 Lignite
B.3.3 Bituminous
B.3.4 Sub-Bituminous
B.4 Coal Fuel - The Environmental Fallout
B.5 Coal Burn Residue Management
C. Consolidation in the Global Coal Industry
D. Analyzing the Global Coal Industry
D.1 Coal in Global Energy Markets
D.2 Energy Security and Coal
D.3 Global Coal Production Statistics & Coal Reserves
D.4 Global Coal Consumption Statistics
D.5 Global Coal Industry
D.6 Growth of the Coal Industry by Value
D.7 Industry Segmentation
D.8 Global Coal Industry Forecast
E. Analyzing Clean Coal Technology
E.1 Overview of Clean Coal
E.2 Clean Coal Technology
E.2.1 Coal Washing
E.2.2 Advancing Pollution Control
E.2.3 Supercritical Pulverized Coal and Ultra-supercritical Pulverized Coal
E.2.4 Pressurized Circulating Fluid Bed Combustion (PCFBC)
E.2.5 Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC)
E.3 Clean Coal Equipment Market
E.3.1 Electrostatic Precipitators (ESP)
E.3.2 Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD)
E.3.3 Spray Dry Scrubbers for SOx Control
E.3.4 Wet FGD Technology
E.3.5 Control Equipment for NOx
E.4 Exploiting Clean Coal Opportunities
E.5 Clean Coal – Financially Viable?
F. Impacts on the Industry
F.1 Stringent Environmental Regulations
F.2 Clean Air Initiatives
F.3 Requirement of Increased Installed Generation Capacity
F.4 Expansion of Renewable Energy
F.5 High Cost
F.6 Lack of Knowledge
F.7 Converting Coal Power Plants to Natural Gas
F.8 Price Conscious Buyers
F.9 Shortage of Suppliers
G. Analyzing the Global Market for Clean Coal Technology
G.1 Industry Overview
G.2 Market for Supercritical Pulverized Coal
G.3 Market for Ultra–Supercritical Pulverized Coal
G.4 Market for Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion
G.5 Market for Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle
G.6 Regional Analysis
G.6.1 Overview
G.6.2 North America
G.6.2.1 Coal Plants in the US
G.6.2.2 Coal Plants in Canada
G.6.3 South America
G.6.3.1 Coal Plants in South America
G.6.4 Asia Pacific
G.6.4.1 Coal Plants in China
G.6.4.2 Coal Plants in India
G.6.5 Europe, Middle East & Africa
G.6.5.1 Coal Plants in EMEA
H. Analyzing the Market for Clean Coal Equipment
H.1 Industry Overview
H.2 Market for Electrostatic Precipitators (ESP)
H.3 Market for Flue Gas Desulfurization Equipment
H.4 Market for NOx Equipment
H.5 Market for Fabric Filters
H.6 Regional Analysis
H.6.1 North America
H.6.2 Europe
H.6.3 Asia Pacific
H.6.4 Rest of the World
I. Regulatory Framework
I.1 North America
I.2 Europe
I.3 Asia Pacific
I.3.1 China
I.3.2 Japan
I.3.3 Vietnam
I.3.4 Indonesia
I.3.5 Philippines
I.3.6 India
I.3.7 Australia
J. Analyzing Carbon Sequestration
K. Major Industry Players
K.1 Alstom SA
K.1.1 Corporate Profile
K.1.2 Business Segment Analysis
K.1.3 Financial Analysis
K.1.4 SWOT Analysis
K.2 Arch Coal, Inc.
K.2.1 Corporate Profile
K.2.2 Business Segment Analysis
K.2.3 Financial Analysis
K.2.4 SWOT Analysis
K.3 BHP Billiton Limited
K.3.1 Corporate Profile
K.3.2 Business Segment Analysis
K.3.3 Financial Analysis
K.3.4 SWOT Analysis
K.4 BWX Technologies Inc. (formerly Babcock & Wilcox Company)
K.4.1 Corporate Profile
K.4.2 Business Segment Analysis
K.4.3 Financial Analysis
K.4.4 SWOT Analysis
K.5 ConocoPhillips
K.5.1 Corporate Profile
K.5.2 Business Segment Analysis
K.5.3 Financial Analysis
K.5.4 SWOT Analysis
K.6 Hamon Research–Cottrell
K.6.1 Corporate Profile
K.6.2 Business Segment Analysis
K.6.3 Financial Analysis
K.6.4 SWOT Analysis
K.7 Marsulex Environmental Technology
K.7.1 Corporate Profile
K.7.2 Business Segment Analysis
K.7.3 Financial Analysis
K.7.4 SWOT Analysis
K.8 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
K.8.1 Corporate Profile
K.8.2 Business Segment Analysis
K.8.3 Financial Analysis
K.8.4 SWOT Analysis
L. Appendix
M. Glossary of Terms
List of Figures
Figure 1: Timeline of Coal History
Figure 2: Growth of the Global Coal Industry (in USD Billion), 2010-2014
Figure 3: Growth of the Global Coal Industry by Volume (in Million Short Tons), 2010-2014
Figure 4: Segmentation of the Global Coal Industry (in USD Billion & %), 2014
Figure 5: Forecast of the Global Coal Industry (in USD Billion), 2014-2019
Figure 6: Forecast for Global Coal Production (in Mt), 1980-2100
Figure 7: Worldwide Installed Coal-fired Generating Capacity (GW), 2005–2020
Figure 8: Clean Coal Industry Classification
Figure 9: Coal Washing Process
Figure 10: Scrubbers
Figure 11: Low NOx Burners
Figure 12: Share of SOx Reduction Technologies in the Clean Coal Equipment Market (in %), 2014
Figure 13: Share of NOx Reduction Technologies in the Clean Coal Equipment Market (in %), 2014
Figure 14: The Kyoto Protocol
Figure 15: Policy Statements of the World Coal Association
Figure 16: Impact of the Key Market Drivers on the Global Clean Coal Market
Figure 17: Key Challenges Facing the Global Clean Coal Market
Figure 18: Global Demand for Clean Coal (in USD Billion), 2005–2020
Figure 19: Global Demand for Supercritical Pulverized Coal Market (in USD Billion), 2005–2020
Figure 20: Global Demand (in USD Billion), 2005–2020 of Ultra-supercritical Pulverized Coal Market
Figure 21: Global Demand for Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion Market (in USD Billion), 2005-2020
Figure 22: Global Demand for IGCC Market (in USD Billion), 2005-2020
Figure 23: Active, Planned, Under Construction Coal Plants by Geography (in %), 2014
Figure 24: Strategic Road Map for the US Coal Industry
Figure 25: Global Revenues for Clean Coal Equipment Market (in USD Billion). 2006-2020
Figure 26: Global Revenues for Electrostatic Precipitators Market (in USD Billion), 2006-2020
Figure 27: Global Revenues for FGD Equipment Market, (in USD Billion) 2006-2020
Figure 28: Global Revenue for NOx Equipment Market, (in USD Billion), 2006-2020
Figure 29: Global Revenues for the Fabric Filter Market (in USD Billion), 2006-2020
Figure 30: Clean Coal Equipment Market in North America (in USD Billion), 2006–2020
Figure 31: Clean Coal Equipment Market in Europe (in USD Billion), 2006–2020
Figure 32: Clean Coal Equipment Market in Asia Pacific (in USD Billion), 2006–2020
Figure 33: Clean Coal Equipment Market in Rest of the World (in USD Billion), 2006–2020
Figure 34: Average Global Investments in Types of Power Plants, 2010–2020
Figure 35: CCS Projects in the US, 2014
Figure 36: Global Large Scale CCS Integrated Projects
Figure 37: Market for New Coal Power Plant Technology
Figure 38: Efficiency of Hard Coal Power Stations
Figure 39: Global Distribution of Gasification Capacity
Figure 40: IGCC Additions for Different Environmental Scenarios under Moderate Technology Progression with Base Natural Gas Prices
Figure 41: Potential Customers of IGCC
Figure 42: Main World Coal Trade Flows
Figure 43: Geological Storage Options for CO2
Figure 44: Coal to Liquids Process
List of Tables
Table 1: Global Coal Acquisition History - Primary Acquisitions
Table 2: United States Coal Production 15 Year Production Contrast
Table 3: Growth of the Global Coal Industry (in USD Billion), 2010-2014
Table 4: Growth of the Global Coal Industry by Volume (in Million Short Tons), 2010-2014
Table 5: Segmentation of the Global Coal Industry (in USD Billion & %), 2014
Table 6: Forecast of the Global Coal Industry (in USD Billion), 2014-2019
Table 7: Worldwide Installed Coal-fired Generating Capacity (GW), 2005–2020
Table 8: Description of Electrostatic Precipitators (ESP)
Table 9: Description of FGD
Table 10: Description of Wet FGD Technology
Table 11: Description of Low NOx Burner, SCR, SNCR
Table 12: Timeline Showing the Impact of the Key Market Drivers on the Global Clean Coal Industry
Table 13: Clean Coal versus Natural Gas Fueled Power Plants
Table 14: Key Challenges Facing Clean Coal Market
Table 15: Global Demand for Clean Coal (in USD Billion), 2005–2020
Table 16: Market Scenario for Supercritical Technology
Table 17: Supercritical versus Sub-critical PC Technology
Table 18: Global Demand for Supercritical Pulverized Market (in USD Billion), 2005–2020
Table 19: Market Scenario of Ultra-Supercritical Pulverized Coal Market
Table 20: Global Demand of Ultra-supercritical Pulverized Coal Market (in USD Billion), 2005–2020
Table 21: Global Demand for Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion Market (in USD Billion), 2005-2020
Table 22: Market Scenario of the Global IGCC Market
Table 23: Global Demand for IGCC Market (in USD Billion), 2005-2020
Table 24: Planned and Under–Construction Coal Plants in the US
Table 25: Planned and Under–Construction Coal Plants in Canada
Table 26: Planned and Under–Construction Coal Plants in South America
Table 27: Planned and Under–Construction Coal Plants in China
Table 28: Planned and Under–Construction Coal Plants in India
Table 29: Planned and Under–construction Coal Plants in EMEA
Table 30: Global Revenues for Clean Coal Equipment Market (in USD Billion). 2006-2020
Table 31: Global Revenues for Electrostatic Precipitators Market (in USD Billion), 2012-2020
Table 32: Global Revenues for FGD Equipment Market, (in USD Billion) 2006-2020
Table 33: Global Revenue for NOx Equipment Market, (in USD Billion), 2006-2020
Table 34: Global Revenues for the Fabric Filter Market (in USD Billion), 2006-2020
Table 35: Clean Coal Equipment Market in North America (in USD Billion), 2006–2020
Table 36: Clean Coal Equipment Market in Europe (in USD Billion), 2006–2020
Table 37: Clean Coal Equipment Market in Asia Pacific (in USD Billion), 2006–2020
Table 38: Clean Coal Equipment Market in Rest of the World (in USD Billion), 2006–2020
Table 39: Proposed Mercury and Air Toxics Standards, US
Table 40: Proposed Mercury & Air Toxics Standards, US, Key Description
Table 41: Clean Air Interstate Rule, North America, 2009
Table 42: Techniques for SO2 Reduction, Large Combustion Plants Directive
Table 43: New Minimum NOx Emission Limit Values (ELV) for Large Combustion Plants (LCP)
Table 44: Carbon Dioxide Storage and Transport Regulations in Europe
Table 45: EU Directive 2009/31/EC on CO2 Storage
Table 46: Carbon Dioxide Storage and Transport Regulations in the UK
Table 47: Asia Pacific Regulations
Table 48: Japan, Emission Standards
Table 49: Acceptable Emission Levels in Japan
Table 50: Laws and Other Legal Documents for Coal fired Plants in Vietnam
Table 51: Coal-fired Power Plants, Acceptable Emission Levels in Vietnam
Table 52: Coal-fired Power Plants, Acceptable Emission Levels in Philippines
Table 53: Thermal Power Plants, Standard for Liquid Effluents in India
Table 54: Thermal Power Plants, Emission Standards in India
Table 55: Thermal Power Plants, Stack Height/Limits in India
Table 56: Emission Standards by States in Australia
Table 57: CCS Projects in Canada
Table 58: CCS Projects in Australia
Table 59: Global Overview of Coal Projects
Table 60: Global CCS Project Status
Table 61: Major Large Scale CCS Projects
Table 62: Major Industry Players & their Products
Table 63: Primary Characteristics of Different Gasifiers
Table 64: Project Costs and Financial Status of Active CCTDP Projects ((Dollars in Thousands)
Table 65: Mercury Caps for Selected Emission Bills

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