This new Biennial Report covers the Routing and Addressing Problem (ROAP): Border Gateway Protocol, global BGP routing table, multihomed and transit routers in the Default Free Zone, exhaustion of fresh IPv4 address space, Provider Aggregatable (PA) and Provider Independent (PI) address space, Internet scaling problems, Internet Architecture Board Workshop on Routing and Addressing (RAWS), Regional Internet Registry (RIR) IPv6 end-user PI space allocation policy, Route Aggregation, improving IPv4 address space utilisation, Forwarding Information Base (FIB) technologies, Ternary Content Addressable Memory (TCAM), TCAM update time and power consumption problems, Tree-Bitmap Algorithm, Routing Information Base (RIB), BGP stability and convergence, path hunting, Minimum Route Advertisement Interval (MRAI) Timer, Flap Damping, Path Length Damping, Root Cause Notification, Ingress Tunnel Routers (ITRs), Egress Tunnel Routers (ETRs), LISP-NERD, LISP-CONS, eFIT-APT, Ivip, multihoming service restoration, ‘push’ and ‘pull’ approaches to mapping database distribution.
This handbook also contains discussion of:
Improvements to BGP.
Locator-ID separation and tunneling protocols.
Needs of ISPs and end-users requiring portability, multihoming and traffic engineering.
Tension between multihoming upstream diversity and route aggregation.
Comparison of IP-based tunneling locator-ID separation protocols.
Implications of IP-based solutions for security, packet overhead, Path MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit)
Discovery and packet fragmentation.
Reachability of from hosts in networks which have not adopted the new architecture.