HPC Budget Allocation Map: Industry Averages

HPC Budget Allocation Map: Industry Averages

Intersect360 Research surveyed the High Performance Computing user community to complete its seventh Site Budget Allocation Map, a look at how HPC sites divide and spend their budgets. We surveyed users on their spending in seven top-level categories: hardware, software, facilities, staffing, services, cloud/utility/outsourcing computing, and other. Each category was further divided into constituent subcategories, resulting in 25 unique items included in the analysis.

This report provides the average budget distribution for the responding sites within each category and presents an entire view of HPC budget distribution and IT product spending (excluding facilities and staffing).

Highlights from this study include:

  • Hardware represents the largest overall budget item, accounting for 45% of the total HPC budget in 2014. Servers, followed by storage, continue to lead spending within the hardware segment. When asked for future budget trends, hardware is the primary driving force behind budget change. About 50% of sites that provided qualitative input on budget trends reported a change in hardware spending as their reason. About two-thirds expect hardware spending to increase, and one-third expect a decrease.
  • Staffing continues to be the second-largest overall expense, accounting for 22% of sites. Average spending on staffing has stabilized over the last three surveys, after a few years of declining share. System management and operations, followed by application programmers, and user support and services, are the top three categories within staffing and account for 71% of the staffing budget.
  • Software as a share of the overall HPC budget accounts for 13% of that budget. System software and software tools represent the largest share of expenditures within software, accounting for a combined share of 47% of the HPC software budget.
  • Cloud/Utility/Outsourcing computing is still a very small percentage of overall HPC expenditures, with about 3% share. We have seen fluctuations year-to-year in spending on cloud computing but noconsistent or significant movement either upwards or downwards.
  • Budgets are expected to increase by 1% or more for 59% of all respondents, and 43% expect budgets to increase by more than 5%. Commercial sites showed the most optimism with 78% expecting budgetsto increase by at least 1% and 66% expecting budgets to increase by at least 5%. About 19% ofacademic sites are expecting a decline in their budgets, which is a higher percentage than either commercial or government sites.

HPC system elements
Systems, clusters
HPC clusters
Server technologies
Processor elements
System processors
Storage elements
Storage systems
Network-attached storage (NAS)
Storage area networks (SAN)
Direct-attached storage (DAS)
Cloud storage
Storage components
Storage software
Software elements
Operating systems
Cluster management
Job scheduling
Load balancing
Cloud management
Other middleware
Developer tools
Programming models (i.e., MPI, OpenMP)
Compilers and languages
Developer environments (IDEs)
Accelerator-specific optimization tools (i.e., CUDA, OpenCL)
Parallel programming tools
Other development and optimization libraries and tools
Application software
Independent software vendor (ISV) or third-party (purchased/licensed) applications
In-house developed applications
Facilities-level technologies
Programming services
Actionable Market Intelligence for High Performance Computing
Maintenance services
Cloud computing, grid computing, utility computing
Public cloud technologies
Private cloud technologies
XaaS models, such as SaaS, IaaS, PaaS, and HPC as a Service (“HPCaaS”)
Cloud bursting

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