Music Production & Distribution

Music Production & Distribution

Brief Excerpt from Industry Overview Chapter:

Companies in this industry produce, sell, and license musical recordings; they may also own and license musical copyrights. Major companies include Sony Music Entertainment, Universal Music Group, and Warner Music Group (all based in the US), as well as Avex (Japan); Edel (Germany); and GMM Grammy (Thailand). Music streaming services from companies such as Amazon and Apple (both based in the US); and Spotify (Sweden) are increasingly important to the industry.


Demand is driven by consumer spending. The profitability of individual companies depends on discovering and promoting new musical talent and generating revenue from the company's asset base of recordings and publications. Large companies have advantages in marketing and distribution. Smaller companies, many of which are independent record labels (often referred to as "indies"), can compete effectively by focusing on artists within local markets or music genres. The US industry is highly concentrated: the 50 largest firms account for 85% of industry revenue.


US industry revenue comes from mainly from streaming services (83% of total revenue); physical recordings (11%); and digital downloads of albums, individual tracks, and ringtones (4%), according to the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). The industry also generates revenue form synchronization, or the use of music in content such as films, TV programs, advertising, and video games (less than 5% of revenue).

Industry Overview
Business Challenges
Business Trends
Industry Opportunities
Call Preparation Questions
Financial Information
Industry Forecast
Web Links and Acronyms

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