Rigid Transparent Plastics

Rigid Transparent Plastics

The North American market for rigid transparent plastics reached nearly $4.0 billion in 2014 and is expected to reach $4.1 billion in 2015. This market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.5% to nearly $4.9 billion for the period 2015-2020.

This report provides:

An overview of the global market for rigid transparent plastics.

Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2014, estimates for 2015, and projections of CAGRs through 2020.

Coverage of new developments in clear plastics, their expanded usage in existing and new applications, and competition between polymers exhibiting optical clarity.

Information on major applications for rigid transparent plastics, in addition to medical, electronic, and automotive markets, which include: building/construction (glazing, lighting lenses, signs/displays), housewares, appliances, toys, optical lenses, and aircraft transparencies.


SCOPE OF THE REPORT

Use of the terms transparent and clear is subjective. Most definitions of the terms express the clarity of plastics to the percentage of light transmission as defined by American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) test D-1003. Light transmission percentages above 85 are generally accepted as transparent although many suppliers claim clear grades with percentages of 80 or lower, making the distinction between transparent and translucent hazy. When referring to plastics and resins, the terms transparent and clear are used synonymously in this report.

Clear rigid plastics are commercially available in many forms including injection-molded, extruded, blow-molded and thermoformed. Many clear extruded products are converted to clear films. The uses for these films are varied and include commodity, specialty, coextruded, food and medical packaging. Packaging markets such as healthcare and food are not addressed in this report. Blow-molded clear plastics are hollow and most are converted to bottles or containers. Thermoformed plastics are similar to injection-molded plastics but are generally thinner and require less equipment and capital outlay.

This report covers rigid, clear, non-packaging plastic products, which include injection-molded, non-film extrusion, and some thermoformed (including cast sheet) plastics. Flexible and hollow thin plastics including films are not covered in this report. The clear resins covered in this report are: acrylics, polycarbonates, polystyrenes, styrene block copolymers (SBCs), styrene acrylonitrile (SAN), acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), polysulfones, thermoplastic polyesters (almost exclusively polyethylene terephthalate (PET)), polypropylene, acrylic-styrene copolymers (SMMAs), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), nylon, cellulosic resins, cyclic olefin copolymers (COCs) and allyl diglycol carbonate (ADC) (for optical applications).

Major applications of these rigid transparent plastics include: medical, electronic, automotive, building and construction (glazing, lighting lenses, signs and displays), housewares, appliances, toys, optical lenses and aircraft transparencies.

The geographic scope of this report is the North American market.

CHAPTER 1 Introduction
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR COMPLETING THE REPORT
SCOPE OF THE REPORT
METHODOLOGY
INTENDED AUDIENCE
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY
SUMMARY TABLE NORTH AMERICAN RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY RESIN TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
SUMMARY FIGURE NORTH AMERICAN RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY RESIN TYPE, 2014-2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW OF THE GLASS INDUSTRY
BACKGROUND OF THE GLASS INDUSTRY
TYPES OF FLAT GLASS
OVERVIEW
WINDOW AND SHEET GLASS
FLOAT GLASS
LAMINATED GLASS
TEMPERED GLASS
REFLECTIVE GLASS
SOLAR GLASS
BULLET-RESISTANT GLASS
EMI SHIELDING GLASS
PATTERNED GLASS
CONVERSION TO PLASTICS
CHAPTER 4 EVOLUTION OF TRANSPARENT PLASTICS
BACKGROUND OF TRANSPARENT PLASTICS
IMPORTANT EARLY DEVELOPMENTS
CURRENT PLASTICS CHOICES
PROBLEMS WITH PLASTICS
TECHNOLOGY
PERFORMANCE VARIABLES
TRANSPARENCY OR CLARITY
REFRACTIVE INDEX
HAZE
TABLE 1 OPTICAL QUALITIES OF RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS (1/8-INCH TEST SPECIMENS)
YELLOWNESS INDEX (YI)
UV STABILITY
TABLE 2 SENSITIVITY TO UV RADIATION AMONG SELECTED
TRANSPARENT PLASTICS
ABRASION RESISTANCE
USE OF COATINGS
CHEMICAL RESISTANCE
HEAT RESISTANCE
TABLE 3 HEAT RESISTANCE LEVELS OF SELECTED TRANSPARENT PLASTICS (ºF AT 264 PSI)
INDUSTRY CONSIDERATIONS
MECHANICAL STRENGTH
TABLE 4 IMPACT RESISTANCE VALUES OF SELECTED TRANSPARENT PLASTICS (FEET-POUNDS/INCH)
DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS
TABLE 5 TRANSPARENT GRADE PERCENTAGES OF MAJOR PLASTICS (%)
POLYCARBONATES
OVERVIEW
IMPACT OF BISPHENOL A ON POLYCARBONATE USAGE
PROCESSING
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
PRODUCERS
TABLE 6 KEY POLYCARBONATES PRODUCTS AND PRODUCERS
CAPACITY AND DEMAND
POLYCARBONATE SHEET
Overview
Definitions
Applications
PRODUCER GRADES
SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS
SELECTED TRADE NAMES OF POLYCARBONATES
ANOTHER IMPORTANT COMPANY INVOLVED WITH POLYCARBONATES
Sheffield Chemical
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 7 RIGID TRANSPARENT POLYCARBONATE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 8 RIGID TRANSPARENT POLYCARBONATE BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
Bayer's Acquisition of Arkema's Polycarbonate Sheet Product Line
Bayer's Introduction of Flame Retardant Clear Polycarbonates for
Furniture
Potential Lower Prices Due to Polycarbonate Capacity Increases
Usage of Polycarbonate Sheet for Passenger Rail Cars
Closure of Bayer Polycarbonate Sheet Plants in Germany and China
End of Styron's Polycarbonate Supply Agreement with Dow Chemical
ACRYLICS
OVERVIEW
COMPARISON OF PMMA WITH GLASS
PROPERTIES
Properties of Acrylic Molded and Extruded ProductsProperties of Acrylic
Molded and Extruded Products
MANUFACTURE OF ACRYLIC POLYMERS
ACRYLIC SHEET
Manufacturing Methods
APPLICATIONS
PRODUCERS
Altuglas
Cyro Industries
Lucite International
Aristech Acrylic LLC
Plaskolite
Sabic IP and Mitsubishi Form Acrylic Joint Venture
COMPARISON OF ACRYLICS AND POLYCARBONATES
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 9 RIGID TRANSPARENT ACRYLICS MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 10 RIGID TRANSPARENT ACRYLICS BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
NEW DEVELOPMENTS
Use of Nano Additives to Increase Durability of Acrylic
Super-Low Gloss Acrylic with Soft Touch
Styrolution's Expansion of its Zylar Product Line
Opening of Acrylic Plant in Texas by Arkema
STYRENIC RESINS
OVERVIEW
GENERAL PURPOSE POLYSTYRENE
Background
Characteristics of General Purpose Polystyrene
Specialty Grades
STYRENE COPOLYMERS
Overview
Optical Properties
Background
Refractive Index
Haze
Birefringence
HIPS
RECENT STYRENIC POLYMER PRODUCER CHANGES
GLOBAL PRODUCERS AND INDUSTRY LEADERS
PROCESSING
Overview
TABLE 11 FABRICATION METHODS AND USES FOR POLYSTYRENE
Injection Molding
Extrusion
APPLICATIONS
Overview
Polystyrene Applications
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 12 RIGID TRANSPARENT POLYSTYRENE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 13 RIGID TRANSPARENT POLYSTYRENE BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION MARKET BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS)
NEW DEVELOPMENTS
Ineos' Acquisition of BASF's Share of Styrolution
STYRENE COPOLYMERS
OVERVIEW
STYRENE BLOCK COPOLYMERS
Overview
Processing
TABLE 14 MAJOR SBC PRODUCTS BY POLYMER PROCESS
Producers
Styrolux SBC/GPPS Blends
Chevron-Phillips K-Resin
Medical Applications
Consumer Products
Toys
Market Estimates and Forecasts
TABLE 15 RIGID TRANSPARENT SBC MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
Recent Developments
Increase in Kraton Sales
Kraton's Additional Asian Venture
STYRENE-ACRYLIC COPOLYMERS
Overview
Properties and Blending
Applications
STYRENE-ACRYLONITRILE COPOLYMERS
Overview
Properties
Transparent Applications of SAN
Producers
Technology and Marketing Activities
Market Estimates and Forecasts
TABLE 16 RIGID TRANSPARENT SAN MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 17 RIGID TRANSPARENT SAN BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION MARKET BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
Styrene Methyl Methacrylate
Market Estimates and Forecasts
TABLE 18 RIGID TRANSPARENT SMMA MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
ACRYLONITRILE BUTADIENE STYRENE
OVERVIEW
PROPERTIES
PROCESSING
PRODUCERS
GENERAL GRADES
ABS SHEETS
GENERAL ABS APPLICATIONS
Overview
Transparent ABS Applications
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 19 ABS RIGID TRANSPARENT MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
CELLULOSICS
BACKGROUND
OVERVIEW
PROPERTIES
THE ORIGINAL CLEAR PLASTIC
TYPES OF TRANSPARENT CELLULOSIC PLASTICS
ADVANTAGES
DISADVANTAGES
PRODUCERS
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 20 RIGID TRANSPARENT CELLULOSICS PLASTIC MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
POLYVINYL CHLORIDE
OVERVIEW
FORMS OF PVC
VERSATILITY
PROCESSING
Background
Extrusion
Calendering
CONSUMPTION PATTERNS
TABLE 21 RIGID PVC APPLICATIONS
APPLICATIONS OF TRANSPARENT PVC
PRODUCERS
RIGID TRANSPARENT PVC CHARACTERISTICS
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
Positive Issues
Negative Issues
PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES
TABLE 22 LEADING GLOBAL PVC PRODUCERS (BILLION POUNDS)
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 23 PVC RIGID TRANSPARENT MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
THERMOPLASTIC POLYESTERS (POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE)
OVERVIEW
MAJOR APPLICATIONS
MODIFIED PET RESINS
Background
Amorphous PET
Crystalline PET
Glycol-modified Polyethylene Terephthalate
PRODUCERS
Eastar
Spectar
Durastar
Tritan
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
Indorama's Purchase of Several Eastman Units
Merger of Mitsui Chemicals and Teijin’s PET Business
DAK Americas Purchase of Eastman PET Products
Bayer's Sale of Its PETG Sheet Product Line
Laser Transparent PBT
SUMMARY
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 24 THERMOPLASTIC POLYESTER RIGID TRANSPARENT MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
POLYSULFONES
BACKGROUND AND PROPERTIES
TYPES OF POLYSULFONES
APPLICATIONS
Overview
Electrical and Electronic Applications
CLEAR POLYSULFONE APPLICATIONS
PRODUCERS
TABLE 25 GLOBAL CAPACITY FOR POLYSULFONE POLYMER PRODUCTION (MILLION POUNDS)
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
Opening of BASF Polysulfone Plant in South Korea
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 26 POLYSULFONE RIGID TRANSPARENT MARKET BY APPLICATION*, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
ALLYL DIGLYCOL CARBONATE
BACKGROUND
PRODUCTS, PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
TRIVEX VERSUS POLYCARBONATE
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
OTHER TRANSPARENT PLASTICS
POLYPROPYLENE
Overview
Properties
Polypropylene Property Advances
Typical Applications
Techniques Used to Impart Clarity
Injection-molded Transparent Polypropylene
Clear Polypropylene Grades
Polypropylene Producers
TABLE 27 U.S. MARKET SHARES OF LEADING POLYPROPYLENE PRODUCERS (%)
New Developments
Expansion of Milliken's Polypropylene Clarifying Agent Capacity
NYLONS
Background
Properties
Major Types of Nylons
Nylon 66
Nylon 6
Processing
Applications of Nylons
Producers and Capacities
TABLE 28 KEY GLOBAL NYLON RESIN PRODUCERS
Company Activities
Evonik Industries AG
EMS Grivory
CYCLIC OLEFIN COPOLYMERS
Introduction
Optical Applications
Properties
MARKET ESTIMATES FOR OTHER RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET SUMMARY
TABLE 29 RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
CHAPTER 5 APPLICATIONS FOR RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS
OVERVIEW
ELECTRONICS APPLICATIONS
OVERVIEW
OPTICAL DISKS
DVD VERSUS CD TECHNOLOGY
Overview
Optical Disc Key Performance Parameters
DVDs Processing
TRANSPARENT SUBSTRATE MATERIALS
Glass
Plastics
Background
Polycarbonates
Glass versus Clear Plastics
CONSUMER ELECTRONICS TRENDS
Overview
Market Dynamics
CDs/DVDs
Other Important Technologies
OVERVIEW OF RIGID TRANSPARENT USE IN ELECTRONICS
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 30 ELECTRONICS RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
Smaller Solar PV Devices as a Result of New Polycarbonate Copolymers
Replace of Aluminum by Polycarbonates in LED Cooling Elements
BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION APPLICATIONS
OVERVIEW
BACKGROUND
EXAMPLES OF PRODUCT USAGE
IMPACT OF THE U.S. HOUSING MARKET
TABLE 31 U.S. HOUSING STARTS FOR SINGLE-FAMILY HOMES, 2005-2014 (THOUSANDS OF UNITS)
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 32 BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTIC MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 33 BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
GLAZING
Background
Properties
TABLE 34 SELECTED PROPERTIES OF PLASTIC SHEET FOR OUTDOOR
APPLICATIONS
PMMA Sheet
Polycarbonate Sheet
Examples of Glazing Products
Detailed Uses of Plastic Glazing Products
Greenhouses
Skylights
Overview
Use of Glass
Use of Plastics
Overview
Plastic Types
Glass and Plastics Combinations
Skylight Configurations
Market Estimates and Forecasts
TABLE 35 GLAZING RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
LIGHTING PRODUCTS
Overview
Lighting Technologies
Key Performance Parameters
Types of Lighting Products
Clear Plastics Used in Lighting Products
Acrylics
Polystyrene
Cellulosics
Polycarbonates
PVC
Processing Methods
Lighting Lens Suppliers
Recent Developments
Use of Clear Polycarbonate in Integrated LED Light Engine
SIGNS AND DISPLAYS
Background
Resins Used in Signs and Displays
Acrylics
Polycarbonates
Outdoor Sign Market
Examples of Commercial Sign and Display Products
Indoor Signs and Displays
Point-of-Purchase Products
New Developments
Use of Engineered Polycarbonate Sheet for Signs
PLUMBING FIXTURES
Overview
Transparent Plastic Plumbing Fixture Manufacturers
Transparent Plumbing Products
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 36 LIGHTING LENS RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 37 PLUMBING FIXTURES RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 38 SIGNS AND DISPLAYS RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
MEDICAL APPLICATIONS
OVERVIEW
FDA ACTIVITIES
Overview
Resin Usage in Medical Devices
TABLE 39 SELECTED RESIN USAGE BY TYPE OF MEDICAL DEVICE
TESTING PROCEDURES FOR MEDICAL PLASTICS
PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR MEDICAL PLASTICS
MEDICAL AND LABORATORY WARE REGULATIONS FOR CLEAR PLASTICS
PLASTIC MEDICAL AND LABORATORY WARE PRODUCTS AND DEVICES
Background
Applications
ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS OF MEDICAL PLASTICS
Dimensional Stability
Chemical Compatibility
STERILIZATION TECHNIQUES FOR MEDICAL PLASTICS
Overview of Methods
EtO Gas Sterilization
Radiation Sterilization
Gamma Radiation
POLYMER REACTIONS TO STERILIZATION METHODS
Background
Acrylics
Background
PVC
Polypropylene
Polyethylene
ABS and SAN
Polycarbonates
Polystyrene
Polyesters
E-BEAM RADIATION
Overview
Radiation Resistance
TABLE 40 RADIATION RESISTANCE OF KEY MEDICAL PLASTICS
CLARITY REQUIREMENTS FOR MEDICAL PLASTICS
CLEAR PLASTICS IN MEDICAL APPLICATIONS
Polystyrene
Polycarbonates
Background
Applications
Examples of Usage
Renal Dialysis
Surgical Instruments
Cardiac Surgery Products
Acrylics
Overview
Use in Medical Applications
Acrylics Used for Medical Devices
Polysulfones
Background
Properties and Use in Medical Applications
SAN Resins
Styrene Block Copolymers
ABS
Properties
Medical Uses
Acrylic-Styrene Copolymers
Polyesters
PVC
RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTIC MEDICAL PRODUCTS
Anesthesia Aids
Blood Centrifuge Bowls
Blood Oxygenators
Pulsatile Balloon Pumps
Intravenous Solution Administration Sets
Implants
Syringes
Background
Products and Applications
Syringe Alternatives
Materials Used
Polymer Usage
Disposable Devices
Kits
Overview
Performance Criteria
TABLE 41 MATERIAL PROPERTY CRITERIA FOR DISPOSABLE
MEDICAL KITS
Trays
Background
Sterilization
TABLE 42 RESIN PROPERTY CRITERIA FOR TRAYS
Property Parameters for Choosing Tray Materials
Tray Designs for Different Environments
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 43 MEDICAL RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
Introduction of New Polycarbonates Grades
AUTOMOTIVE
OVERVIEW
TABLE 44 HISTORICAL U.S. AUTOMOTIVE ASSEMBLIES, 2011-2014 (MILLION UNITS)
TABLE 45 HYBRID AUTOMOTIVE SALES IN THE U.S. (THOUSAND UNITS)
CORPORATE AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY ISSUES
BACKGROUND OF CLEAR PLASTIC USAGE IN AUTOS
Transparent Automotive Exteriors and Housings
Background
Light Reflector Housings
Taillights and Rear Brake Lights
Headlights and Front-End Lenses
CAR LIGHTING SYSTEMS
Overview
LEDs
Overview
Challenges
LIGHT SOURCES
Incandescent Light Bulbs
Non-Halogen
Halogen
TAIL LIGHTS AND REAR BRAKE LIGHTS
Background
Types of Clear Plastics Used
Innovations in Tail Light Assemblies
Light Covers
HEADLIGHTS AND FRONT END LENSES
History
Advantages and Disadvantages
Types of Headlights
Marketing
IMPACT OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS
AUTOMOTIVE GLAZING
Background
Overview
Criteria for Replacement of Glass
Examples of Commercial Polycarbonates for Lighting and Glazing
Other Automotive Glazing Standards
Market Opportunities
INTERIOR AUTOMOTIVE LENSES
Overview
Use of LEDs in Auto Interiors
SUMMARY OF RESIN USAGE IN AUTOMOTIVE LENSES
TABLE 46 RESIN USAGE IN AUTOMOTIVE LENSES (PERCENT OF TOTAL VOLUME)
Critical Issues
Developments
DuPont's Activities
Solutia's Activities
Bayer-GE Plastics Joint Project
Background
Technology
Market Aspects
Market Challenges
NHTSA Activities
AUTOMOTIVE INTERIOR SEGMENT
Background
Overview of Resins Used in Automotive Interiors
TABLE 47 RESINS USED FOR SPECIFIC INTERIOR AUTOMOTIVE PARTS
PC/ABS
Polycarbonates
PPO/HIPS
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 48 AUTOMOTIVE RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN THE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET
Polycarbonate Glazing and Spoiler for New Car
Decrease in Auto Weight Use with Polycarbonate Glazing
Teijin' Full Polycarbonate Auto Glazing
Sabic IP's Development of Polycarbonate Auto Side Windows
Polycarbonate Used in Vehicle Interiors and Safety Features
Use of Polycarbonate in Rear Windows to Reduce Weight by 35%
Compared to Glass
HOUSEWARES
BACKGROUND
EXAMPLES OF POLYCARBONATE HOUSEWARES PRODUCTS
DEVELOPMENTS
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 49 HOUSEWARES RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
APPLIANCES
OVERVIEW
APPLIANCE CATEGORIES
PLASTIC INJECTION-MOLDED APPLIANCE PARTS
SMALL APPLIANCES
HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY DEFINITIONS
APPLIANCE MARKET
MATERIALS USED IN APPLIANCES
Metals
Steel
Aluminum
Plastics
TABLE 50 ESTIMATES OF METAL VERSUS PLASTICS USAGE IN HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES, BY WEIGHT (%)
KEY APPLICATIONS FOR PLASTICS IN APPLIANCES
TABLE 51 SELECTED MAJOR APPLICATIONS FOR POLYMERS IN SELECTED APPLIANCES
TRANSPARENT PLASTICS IN APPLIANCES
Refrigerators
Door Lids
Crisper Tray Buckets and Covers
Other Clear Plastic Refrigerator Applications
Acrylic Appliance Parts
Polycarbonate Appliance Parts
Polystyrene and Clear Polyester Appliance Parts
KEY APPLIANCE MANUFACTURERS
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 52 APPLIANCE RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
TOYS
OVERVIEW
BACKGROUND
USE OF PLASTICS IN TOYS
Background
Polystyrene
ABS
Styrene Block Copolymers
Polycarbonates
Acrylics
CLEAR PLASTIC APPLICATIONS IN TOYS
CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COUNCIL
ISSUES IN THE MARKET
Phthalate and BPA
Chinese Manufacturers
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 53 RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTIC TOY MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
OPTICAL LENSES
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES
MARKET DYNAMICS
KEY CONCEPTS IN LENS MATERIALS
Refractive Index
Abbe Values
USE OF PLASTICS IN LENSES
FABRICATION METHODS FOR OPTICAL PLASTIC LENSES
Background
Manufacturing
Blocking
Margins of Error
KEY PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS
ADVANTAGES OF PLASTICS
CLEAR PLASTICS USED
Background
Acrylics
Polystyrene
Polycarbonates
Overview
Advantages and Disadvantages
Comparison of Optical Performance between Polycarbonates and Acrylics
TABLE 54 OPTICAL PERFORMANCE PROPERTIES OF SELECTED
RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS (%)
Allyl Diglycol Carbonate
Background
Competitive Scenario of CR-39
Acrylic-Styrene Copolymers
Trivex
Comparison of Polycarbonates and Trivex Lenses
Cellulosics
SAN
Other Plastics
OPTICAL LENS MARKET SEGMENTS
Background
Market Shares
Ophthalmic Lens Suppliers
CONTACT LENSES
Overview
Background
Some Additional Details
Types of Plastics Used
TABLE 55 SELECTED CONTACT LENS MATERIALS
History
Current Status
Contact Lens Suppliers
TABLE 56 SELECTED KEY CONTACT LENS PRODUCERS AND THEIR PRODUCTS
SAFETY LENSES
Background
American National Standards Institute
Overview
Military Ballistic Requirements
TABLE 57 MIL-SPEC MIL-PRF-31013
Deficiencies of Glass
Plastics Choices
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECAST
TABLE 58 OPTICAL LENS TRANSPARENT PLASTIC MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
AIRCRAFT TRANSPARENCIES
OVERVIEW
GLASS TRANSPARENCIES
PROPERTIES
CLEAR PLASTICS PREFERENCES
COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT TRANSPARENCIES
AIRCRAFT INTERIORS
IMPORTANT CLEAR PLASTICS SUPPLIERS
CLEAR PLASTICS PROCESSING METHODS
APPLICATIONS ON MILITARY AND COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT
Military Aircraft Transparencies
Commercial Aircraft Transparencies
LEADING MANUFACTURERS OF AIRCRAFT TRANSPARENCIES
EXAMPLES OF CLEAR PLASTIC PRODUCTS FOR AIRCRAFT APPLICATIONS
MARKETING
TABLE 59 REGULATIONS FOR PLEXIGLAS GS 245
TABLE 60 REGISTRATIONS FOR PLEXIGLAS GS 249
DEVELOPMENTS
Advanced Polycarbonates for Aircraft Interiors
New Polycarbonate Sheets for Aircraft Interiors
Low-Heat Release Polycarbonate for Aircraft
New Engineering Polymer Grades for Aircraft Interiors
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 61 AIRCRAFT RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
SOLAR APPLICATIONS
OVERVIEW
POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS
KEY BENEFITS
SABIC IP'S LEXAN SOLAR CONTROL IR
CONCLUSIONS
OTHER APPLICATIONS
BACKGROUND
SELECTED EXAMPLES OF OTHER APPLICATIONS
Sanitary, Pools, and Spas
Railroads
Consumer Goods
Sports and Leisure
Machine Guards and Safety Shielding
Bathroom Products
Other Products
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
TABLE 62 OTHER RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
SUMMARY OF TRANSPARENT PLASTIC APPLICATIONS
TABLE 63 RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
CHAPTER 6 COMPETITION AMONG SELECTED TRANSPARENT PLASTICS
OVERVIEW
APPLICATIONS
POLYSTYRENE AND ABS
SMMA RESINS
OVERVIEW
NAS COMPARED TO ACRYLICS
ZYLAR COMPARED TO POLYCARBONATES
SUMMARY OF COMPETITION BY APPLICATION
TABLE 64 COMPETITIVE TRANSPARENT PLASTICS SCENARIO, BY APPLICATION
CHAPTER 7 MAJOR PRODUCERS AND SUPPLIERS OF RIGID
TRANSPARENT PLASTICS
MAJOR PRODUCERS AND PRODUCTS
TABLE 65 MAJOR RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTIC SUPPLIERS AND TRADE
NAMED PRODUCTS
CHAPTER 8 STANDARDS, TESTS AND REGULATIONS
PROPERTIES AND TEST METHODS
OPTICAL TESTS
TRANSPARENT PLASTICS CODE APPROVALS
SELECTED ASTM CODES FOR RIGID TRANSPARENT PLASTICS
OTHER CODE APPROVALS
UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES
MILITARY SPECIFICATIONS
CHAPTER 9 COMPANY PROFILES
ARKEMA INC.
BASF
BAYER MATERIAL SCIENCES
CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL
EASTMAN CHEMICAL
EMS GRIVORY
EVONIK INDUSTRIES AG
INEOS ABS
LUCITE INTERNATIONAL
PLASKOLITE INC.
PPG INDUSTRIES INC.
SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS
SHEFFIELD PLASTICS
SPARTECH INC.
STYROLUTION AMERICA LLC
STYRON LLC
CHAPTER 10 APPENDIX
ACRONYMS

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