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“MIMO Role in High-speed Communications” Technologies, Markets and Applications

“MIMO Role in High-speed Communications”Technologies, Markets and Applications

This report researches advanced technologies and markets for wireless and wired communications systems that are supported by MIMO – Multiple Input/Multiple Output structures – to enhance their performance. It revises and updates earlier issues of the report as well as adds the analysis of latest technologies.

Users’ demand for more efficient networking brought to life many technological innovations. One of them is MIMO, which became very popular in wireless systems – almost all recent and future 3GPP standards use (or will be using) variations of such a technique. MIMO also can be used in wireline systems.

This report is based on the Practel analysis of MIMO-based communications systems, their technologies and markets specifics. Particular, the following industry standards that utilize MIMO have been considered:

  • 3GPP LTE
  • IEEE802.11ax
  • IEEE802.11ay
  • IEEE 802.11ac
  • IEEE 802.11ah
  • HomePlug AV2
  • ITU G.hn.
The goal of this report is to characterize MIMO advantages and specifics for each standard. It also addresses market characteristics of discussed technologies. Report concentrates on profiling the industry players and their products.

MIMO characteristics, structures and types are also addressed and compared.

The report is written for a wide audience of managers and technical staff that involved in the design and implementation of advanced communications systems.


1.0 Introduction
1.1 General
1.2 Goal
1.3 Structure
1.4 Research Methodology
1.5 Target Audience
2.0 MIMO – Concept, Functions and Types
2.1 History
2.2 Concept: MIMO in Wireless Communications
2.3 Types of MIMO: Examples
2.3.1 CoMP MIMO
2.3.2 Massive MIMO
2.3.3 MU-MIMO
2.3.4 MIMO-OFDM
2.3.5 Mobile Networked MIMO
2.3.6 MIMO - by Type of Communications Media
2.3.7 Summary
2.4 MIMO Benefits (Wireless Systems)
3.0 MIMO Role – Wireless Systems
3.1 MIMO Role in LTE Development
3.1.1 Releases – 3GPP
3.1.2 LTE Timetable
3.1.3 Broadband Mobile Communications-Phases
3.1.4 LTE Standardization-Industry Collaboration
3.1.5 Industry Initiative
3.1.6 Intellectual Property
3.1.7 Key Features of LTE
3.1.8 Details
3.1.8.1 Evolved UMTS Radio Access Network (EUTRAN)
3.1.8.2 UE Categories
3.1.8.3. Evolved Packet Core (EPC)
3.1.9 LTE Advanced
3.1.10 SON
3.1.11 Voice Support
3.1.11.1 VoLTE
3.1.12 Market
3.1.12.1 Drivers
3.1.12.2 Demand: Wireless Broadband
3.1.12.3 LTE Market Projections
3.1.13 Summary: Major LTE Benefits
3.1.14 Industry
Altair Semiconductor
Aricent
AceAxis
Cisco
CommAgility
Ericsson
Fujitsu
Huawei
Lime Microsystems
Motorola Solutions
Nokia
NXP (Qualcomm is in a process of acquiring NXP)
Qualcomm
Samsung
Sequans
Signalion
TI
U-blox
ZTE
3.1.15 Specifics LTE MIMO
3.1.15.1 Techniques
3.1.15.2 Major Applications
3.1.15.3 Modes
3.1.15.4 MIMO: LTE Release 8
3.1.15.5 MIMO: LTE Release 9
3.1.15.6 MIMO: LTE Advanced
3.1.15.7 LTE/LTE-A - MIMO Benefits
3.1.15.8 Market Projections
3.1.16 5G NR and MIMO
3.2 802.11ax and MIMO
3.2.1 Background
3.2.2 Focal Points
3.2.3 Major Features
3.2.4 Major Applications
3.2.5 Physical Layer
3.2.5.1 Multi-User Operation
3.2.5.2 Role of MU-MIMO
3.2.5.3 Multi-User OFDMA
3.2.6 MAC
3.2.6.1 Spatial Reuse with Color Codes
3.2.6.2 Power-saving with Target Wake Time
3.2.6.3 Density
3.2.7 802.11ax Operating Modes
3.2.8 Industry
Asus
Broadcom
Huawei
Quantenna
Qualcomm
3.3 MIMO Role in 802.11ac Development
3.3.1 General – Improving 802.11n Characteristics
3.3.2 Approval
3.3.3 Major Features: Summary
3.3.4 Major Benefits
3.3.5 Usage Models
3.3.6 Waves
3.3.7 Market Projections
3.3.8 Industry
Aruba – HP
Broadcom
Buffalo
Cisco
D-Link
Fortinet
Linksys
Marvell
Netgear
Qualcomm
Quantenna
Redpine Signals
3.3.9 MIMO and 802.11ac Standard
3.3.9.1 Comparison
3.3.9.2 Market Projections
3.4 802.11ah and MIMO Role
3.4.1 802.11ah (Wi-Fi HaLow)
3.4.2 Requirements
3.4.3 Goal and Schedule
3.4.4 Attributes
3.4.5 Use Cases
3.4.6 PHY
3.4.6.1 Bandwidth
3.4.6.2 Channelization
3.4.6.3 Transmission Modes and MIMO
3.4.6.4 Relay Mode
3.4.7 MAC Layer
3.4.8 Summary
3.4.9 Industry
Aviacomm/Newracom
Orca
Aegis-IP
3.5 802.11ay and MIMO Technology
3.5.1 Timetable
3.5.2 Scope
3.5.3 Need
3.5.4 Usage Cases (Examples)
3.5.5 Expected Characteristics
3.5.6 MIMO – Preliminary View
4.0 MIMO in Wireline Communications
4.1 HomePNA and ITU MIMO-based Technologies
4.1.1 HomeGrid Forum
4.1.1.1. Specifications
4.1.1.1.1 General
4.1.1.1.2 HomePNA Specification 3.1: Major Features
4.1.1.1.3 Fast EoC HomePNA
4.1.1.2 Major Benefits
4.1.2 ITU G.hn
4.1.2.1 General
4.1.2.2 G.hn Details
4.1.2.2.1 Differences
4.1.2.2.2 Common Features
4.1.2.3 Acceptance
4.1.2.4 HomePNA and G.hn Documents
4.1.2.5 G.hn-mimo – G.9963
4.1.2.5.1 Drivers
4.1.2.5.2 G.9963 Details
4.1.2.5.2.1 General
4.1.2.5.2.2 Wireline Specifics – G.hn-mimo
4.1.2.5.2.3 Scope
4.1.2.5.2.4 Performance
4.1.3 Industry
Comtrend
Marvell
Sigma Designs
ST&T
4.2 HomePlugAV2-mimo
4.2.1 General
4.2.1.1 Certification
4.2.2 Major Improvements
4.2.3 Specification Details
4.2.3.1 MIMO Role
4.2.4 Industry
Broadcom
Extollo
Gigafast Ethernet
Intersil
Lea Networks
Sineoji
Trendnet
TP-Link
Qualcomm Atheros
Zyxel
5.0 Conclusions
Figure 1: 2x2 MIMO
Figure 2: Major Antenna Configurations
Figure 3: MIMO Concept (2x2)
Figure 4: Illustration - Beamforming
Figure 5: MU-MIMO – Downlink
Figure 6: Differences
Figure 7: Evolution Path
Figure 8: Towards Wireless Mobile Broadband
Figure 9: LTE – IP
Figure 10: EPC – Reference Architecture
Figure 11: Projections: LTE Global Subscribers Base (Bil.)
Figure 12: TAM: LTE Global Equipment Sale ($B)
Figure 13: Spectral Efficiency DL
Figure 14: Projections: Global - LTE MIMO Sales ($B)
Figure 15: Channel Assignment
Figure 16: Estimate - 802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping-Global (Mil. Units)
Figure 17: Estimate - 802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping-Global ($B)
Figure 18: Estimate: Global Shipping – 802.11ac MU-MIMO Consumers AP ($B)
Figure 19: Estimate: Global - 802.11ac Consumers AP MIMO Sales ($B)
Figure 20: 802.11ah Use Cases
Figure 21: Frequency Spectrum (sub-1 GHz)
Figure 22: 802.11ah – Channelization Plan in U.S.
Figure 23: Transmission Characteristics – 802.11ah
Figure 24: 802.11ah Features Summary
Figure 25: PLC-MIMO (2x2)
Figure 26: MIMO -Details
Figure 27: Maximum Theoretical PHY Rates (home media) based on published figures
Figure 28: HomePlug AV2 Features
Figure 29: MIMO PLC Channels
Table 1: MIMO Variations
Table 2: MIMO Benefits
Table 3: 3GPP Releases
Table 4: Schedule
Table 5: Initial LTE Characteristics: Illustration
Table 6: LTE Frequency Bands
Table 7: Users Equipment Categories (Rel. 8)
Table 8: UE Categories (Rel. 10)
Table 9: Extended – Rel.13
Table 10: Transmission Modes
Table 11: LTE Transmission Modes - MIMO
Table 12: Additional Details
Table 13: Comparison – Wi-Fi Characteristics
Table 14: PHY: 802.11ax vs 802.11ac
Table 15: Functionalities – 802.11ac
Table 16: Specifics
Table 17: Rates
Table 18: Usage Models – 802.11ac
Table 19: 802.11ac Waves
Table 20: 802.11n vs. 802.11ac
Table 21: ITU and HomePNA Standards
Table 22: Comparative Characteristics
Table 23: Frequency-Rate Characteristics

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