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Land Mobile Radio/Professional Mobile Radio and Progress in Public Safety Communications Development

Land Mobile Radio/Professional Mobile Radio and Progress in Public Safety Communications Development

Practel is following the progress in LMR/PMR developments for several years; and published several related reports. This is the second issue of the report; and it reflects changes and additions that occurred recently in the LMR/PMR development; and particular in their applications for public safety communications (PSC) and for specialized commercial applications (railroads, utilities and similar).

The report highlights include:

1. The updated analysis of P25 and TETRA radios phased development. The current status of technologies, markets and standards, and survey of vendors’ profiles are presented.
2. The updated analysis of narrow-band LMR/PMR technologies and markets, including NXDN and MOTOTRBO (as well as dPMR, DMR and other).
3. The growing role of LTE in the PSC development is emphasized. Though, at the present time, LTE is not ready to support some major requirements of first responders’ critical communications, the standards organizations indicate that in 3-5 years major standardization work will be mainly accomplished. Meanwhile, the PSC market will integrate P25/TETRA and LTE environments where traditional networks will be primarily used for voice applications. LTE is selected as the main technology for the FirstNet – the nationwide U.S. PSC network; similar developments are observed all around the globe.
4. The industry is also actively working on production of systems that can support multi-standard radios (for example, TETRA/LTE).

Practel will continue the analysis of LMR technologies and markets trends: dynamics of developments require periodic updates of reports.

1.0 Introduction
1.1 Current Situation
1.2 Requirements for Public Safety Radio
1.3 Scope and Goals
1.4 Research Methodology
1.5 Target Audience
2.0 PSC Spectrum
2.1 U.S.
2.1.1 FCC - General
2.1.2 800 MHz Band
2.1.3 700 MHz Band
2.1.4 4.9 GHz Band
2.2 EU
2.3 Global
3.0 Project P25
3.1 Standardization Process and Technologies
3.1.1 General: P25 Standard
3.1.2 Process
3.1.3 Beginning
3.1.4 Project 25/TIA 102: Scope
3.1.5 Status
3.1.6 CAP
3.2 P25 Development-Phase I
3.2.1 General Mission and Objectives
3.2.2 Compliance
3.2.3 Benefits and Issues
3.2.4 Technical Highlights - Interfaces
3.2.5 Security
3.2.6 Coding
3.2.7 P25 Voice Messaging
3.2.8 Frequency Bands
3.2.9 Services
3.2.10 Network Scenario
3.3 P25 Development - Phase II
3.3.1 Transition
3.3.2 Scope
3.3.3 Interfaces – Phase II
3.3.4 Attributes
3.3.5 Data Services Standards
3.3.6 Enhancements - Details
3.3.7 Time
3.3.8 U.S. – P25 Systems Deployment
3.3.9 P25 Standards -2015
3.4 P25 Radio: Market Analysis
3.4.1 General
3.4.2 Geography
3.4.3 Market Drivers
3.4.4 Market Forecast
3.5 P25 Industry
Airbus Defense and Space Communications (formerly Cassidian)
Digital Voice System
Motorola Solutions
Objective Interface Systems
Raytheon JPS
Technisonic Industries
Tait Electronics
Vertex Standard
4.1 General
4.1.1 Major Milestones
4.2 TETRA: Scope-Release I
4.2.1 General
4.2.2 Spectrum Regulations
4.2.3 TETRA and GSM
4.2.4 Main Features
4.2.5 Benefits
4.2.6 Networking
4.2.7 Release I Details
4.3 Security
4.4 Summary
4.5 TETRA: Scope - Release II
4.5.1 Drivers
4.5.2 Applications
4.5.3 Trunked Mode Operation (TMO) Range Extension
4.5.4 Mixed Excitation Liner Predictive, Enhanced (MELPe) Voice Codec
4.5.5 Data Services Development
4.5.6 Comparison
4.5.7 Standardization Status
5.1 NXDN
5.1.1 General
5.1.2 NXDN Forum and Technology
5.1.3 Two Companies
5.1.4 Benefits
5.1.6 IDAS
5.1.7 Industry
CML Microcircuits
Digital Voice Systems, Inc.
Motorola Solutions (Twisted Pair)
5.1.8 NXDN: Applications and Market
5.2 MotoTRBO
5.2.1 General
5.2.2 Major Features
5.2.3 Basis-TDMA
5.2.4 Sales
5.2.5 Products
5.2.6 MOTOTRBO Services
5.2.7 Applications
6.0 Professional Digital Trunking (PDT) Radio
6.1 General
6.2 Development
6.3 Purpose
6.4 Benefits
6.5 Deployments
6.6 Future Plans
7.0 PSC and LTE
7.1 Beginning
7.2 LTE Bands
7.3 Opportunities and Requirements
7.4 FirstNet
7.5 Progress
7.5.1 U.S.
7.5.2 Europe
7.5.3 Global
7.6 Major Benefits
7.7 Industry and Service Providers
Airbus DS
General Dynamics
Motorola Solutions/Ericsson
Verizon Wireless
7.8 Timeline
8.0 Conclusions
Attachment I: P25 Service Availability Matrix
Attachment II: P25 Standards
Attachment III: Countries with P25 Systems Deployments
Attachment IV: FCC Ruling- 4.9 MHz Radio
Attachment V: Europe: PSC Networks
Attachment VI: Short List - TETRA Standards
Attachment VII: dPMR
VII.1 dPMR Association
VII.2 Functional Levels
VII.2.1 dPMR 446
VII.2.2 dPMR Mode I
VII.2.3 dPMR Mode II
VII.2.4 dPMR Mode III
VII.3 Standards
VII.4 Major Vendors
Attachment VIII: DMR
VIII.1 General
VIII.2 Tiers
VIII.3 Standards
VIII.4 Major Vendors
Figure 1: FCC PSC Spectrum Allocation
Figure 2: 800 MHz Post-Reconfiguration Band Plan
Figure 3: 700 MHz Band
Figure 4: Process
Figure 5: Generic-P25 Radio System Structure
Figure 6: P25 System – Major Interfaces
Figure 7: ISSI-P25 System-to-System
Figure 8: ISSI-Roaming
Figure 9: Example-Network Scenario
Figure 10: Phase II Modulations
Figure 11: Family
Figure 12: CAI Details
Figure 13: Capacity
Figure 14: Vocoders
Figure 15: TAM: P25 Equipment Sales-Global ($B)
Figure 16: P25 Radio Major Applications
Figure 17: TETRA Release I - Functionalities
Figure 18: TETRA Interworking Illustration
Figure 19: TETRA Interoperability Interfaces
Figure 20: Network Scenarios
Figure 21: TETRA Release I: Illustration
Figure 22: TETRA: Spectrum Allocation
Figure 23: TETRA RII Application Developments
Figure 24: Directions
Figure 25: TAPS
Figure 26: TEDS RF Channel Characteristics
Figure 27: Spectral Efficiency
Figure 28: Rates and Range
Figure 29: Illustration - TETRA TEDS Characteristics
Figure 30: Illustration of TETRA Market Geography (2014)
Figure 31: TETRA Segmentation by Industries (2014)
Figure 32: TAM: TETRA Equipment Global Sales ($B)
Figure 33: TAM: TETRA BS & Associated Equipment Global Sales ($B)
Figure 34: Phased Approach – TETRA and P25
Figure 35: Vendors Segmentation
Figure 36: NXDN Transmission: Illustration
Figure 37: Adopted Frequency Band Plan (UHF)
Figure 38: Adopted Frequency Band Plan (VHF)
Figure 39: NXDN – dPMR - DMR
Figure 40: Estimate: NXDN Equipment Sales - Global ($B)
Figure 41: PSC – 700 MHz Band
Figure 42: Converged Network
Table 1: Emergency Services
Table 2: Requirements
Table 3: Power Limits
Table 4: P25 Advantages and Issues
Table 5: CAI Characteristics
Table 6: P25 Services
Table 7: 6.25 kHz FCC Narrow-Banding Rules
Table 8: Phase II Documents
Table 9: Components
Table 10: TETRA Established
Table 11: TETRA Release I-Major Characteristics
Table 12: TETRA Needs
Table 13: Applications (Release II)
Table 14: Evolution of TETRA Applications
Table 15: NXDN Development – Milestones
Table 16: NXDN Characteristics

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