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“5G Broadband Networks: Wireline Access”Technologies, Markets and Standardization


“5G Broadband Networks: Wireline Access”Technologies, Markets and Standardization

This report updates the status on wireline broadband access technologies, their markets, applications and industries as they relate to the 5G development.

Wireline broadband access technologies are playing an important role in today networks- cable accounts for 60% of the U.S. fixed broadband market; and 55%-65% of local loops are still on copper wire. However, until recently, technical and economic problems with such access did not allow effective use of a broadband pipe from a core to a subscriber side, minimizing a value of broadband communications.

The problems have been known for a long time, but absence of a cost-effective technology in the distribution plant prevented making any practical improvements. The specifics of access, such as the necessity to create highly distributed infrastructure and the price to support access service always contradicted each other. The situation changed with appearance Passive Optical Networks (PONs), their various modifications and progress in architecting of high-speed DSL, such as vectoring DSL.

The goal of this report is to address current and near-term advances in wireline broadband access networks that are transforming them into broadband pipes with characteristics similar to characteristics of the core networks. Particular, the report concentrates on the analysis technologies and markets for the following access architectures:

Passive Optical Networks – standardized or planning to be standardized by the IEEE and ITU-FSAN. Evolving PONs will allow transmission up to 100 Gb/s (shared).
New generations DSL – in the development and standardization by the ITU and the industry, including vectoring and G.fast. The technologies may support short reaches connectivity on the existing copper structures with speeds near 1 Gb/s (non-shared).
RFoG – technology that allows efficient use of fiber combined with a short coaxial path to the user, allowing to reach gigabit per second speed and improving the economics of broadband access.

The report shows that the copper infrastructure continues to play an important role for connecting last hundreds meters from/to a subscriber equipment with the rest of the network. Advanced gigabit speed access technologies, such as DSL (G.fast, VDSL2-vec), are key in creating a homogenous and cost efficient core-access infrastructure. For example, in 2017, AT&T has begun rolling out G.fast-based services in 22 metro markets across the United States, signaling the service provider’s desire to extend higher speed wireline broadband services in premises where it can’t make a business case for all fiber.

PONs provide cost-efficient connectivity of the core with subscriber’s equipment, supporting required by users characteristics, such as speed of transmission and other. Currently, service providers have three major next-generation FSAN PON paths: 10G-PON, XGS-PON and NG-PON2. Verizon, for example, plans to move directly to NG-PON2.

The IEEE NG-EPON standard 802.3ca, which promises the 100 Gb/s speed, planned to be finalized by 2020.

The report also stresses an important trend in the broadband wireline access: utilization of multi-functional platforms that allow flexibility and cost efficiency to serve a diversified group of users required different technologies.

The standardization processes are analyzed in details. Marketing statistics have been developed (2018-2022). The report also presents detailed surveys of companies that are working in the related industries and their products portfolios. Attachments contain the survey of recently approved patents related to the report subject.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical, managerial and sales staff involved in the development wireline broadband access networks.


1.0 Introduction
1.1 Issue
1.2 Changes
1.2.1 5G Necessity
1.3 PON Appearance
1.4 DSL Developments
1.5 RFoG
1.6 Scope
1.7 Research Methodology
1.8 Target Audience
2.0 PON: Today and Tomorrow
2.1 Concept
2.1.1 PON Benefits
2.1.2 The PON Proposition
2.1.3 Details
2.1.4 PON Classification
2.1.5 PON Elements
2.1.5.1 Optical Line Termination (OLT)
2.1.5.1.1 PON Core Shell
2.1.5.1.2 Cross-connect Shell
2.1.5.1.3 Service Shell
2.1.5.1.4 OLT Responsibilities
2.1.5.1.4.1 Bandwidth Allocation
2.1.5.1.4.2 Grant Mechanism
2.1.5.1.4.3 Capture Effect
2.1.5.1.4.4 Ranging
2.1.5.1.4.5 Burst Mode Transceiver
2.1.5.2 Optical Network Unit (ONU)
2.1.5.3 Optical Distribution Network (ODN)
2.2 PON: ITU-FSAN Family
2.2.1 Beginning - A/B-PON – G.983.x
2.2.2 G-PON – G.984.x
2.2.3 XG-PON - G.987x
2.2.4 NG-PON2 - G.989x
2.2.4.1 Project
2.2.4.2 NG-PON2 – General
2.2.4.3 Major Properties
2.2.4.4 Characteristics
2.2.4.4.1 Support
2.2.4.4.2 Rates and Reaches
2.2.4.4.3 Combinations
2.2.4.5 Services
2.2.4.6 Capacity
2.2.4.7 Spectrum Allocation
2.2.4.8 Line Rate Summary
2.2.5 XGS-PON
2.2.6 Plans
2.3 PON: IEEE Family
2.3.1 802.3ah – GE - PON
2.3.2 802.3av- 10GE-PON
2.3.2.1 Goal
2.3.2.2 Status
2.3.2.3 Standard’s Scope and Objectives
2.3.2.4 10GE-PON Technology Specifics
2.3.2.4.1 Inheritance
2.3.2.4.2 Properties
2.3.2.4.3 Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation
2.3.2.5 10GE-PON: Drivers and Target Applications
2.3.3 IEEE P802.3ca PON
2.4 PON Market
2.4.1 PON Commercialized
2.4.2 Factor
2.4.3 Services
2.4.4 Market Estimate
2.4.4.1 Equipment Sales
2.4.4.2 Market Geography
2.4.4.3 Service Providers Revenue
2.5 Industry
Ad-Net
Adtran
Alphion
Broadcom
Calix
Cisco
Corecess
GigaLight
Hisense
Huawei
Marvell
Mitsubishi Electric
NEC
Nokia
PBN
Qualcomm Atheros
Raisecom
Source Photonics
Sumitomo Electric Networks
Tainet
Tellabs
3.0 DSL Evolution
3.1 Developments
3.1.1 Statistics
3.2 DSL Family
3.2.1 ADSL
3.2.2. R-ADSL
3.2.3 HDSL
3.2.4 IDSL
3.2.5 VDSL
3.2.6 SDSL
3.2.7 Summary
3.3 Vectored DSL – G.993.5-2010
3.3.1 Scope
3.3.2 Details
3.3.2.1 Summary
3.3.2.2 Broadband Forum Contributions
3.3.3 Market
3.3.4 Vendors
Adtran
Assia
Broadcom
Calix
Huawei
Intel/Lantiq
Nokia
Siligence
Zyxel
ZTE
3.4 G.fast
3.4.1 Standards
3.4.1.1 Broadband Forum –G.fast
3.4.2 Improvements over Vectoring
3.4.3 Models - FTTdp
3.4.4 Major Characteristics
3.4.5 Testing and Trialing
3.4.6 Further Developments – G.mgfast
3.4.7 Industry
Adtran
Arris (Commscope)
Broadcom
Calix
Cisco
Dasan Networks
Huawei
Metanoia
Nokia
Qualcomm/Ikonos
Sagemcom
Sckipio
XAVi
Zinwell
3.4.8 Market
4.0 RFoG Development
4.1 Hybrid Fiber Coaxial (HFC) Technology
4.2 RFoG Solution
4.2.1 General
4.2.2 Standardization
4.2.2.1 Process
4.2.2.2 Details
4.2.2.2.1 ANSI/SCTE 174 2010
4.2.2.2.2 Summary
4.2.2.2.3 IEC
4.2.2.3 Industry Needs
4.2.2.4 Target
4.3 Similarities and Differences (HFC and RFoG)
4.4 RFoG Major Benefits and Issues
4.5 Future Extensions – RF-PON
4.6 Market Estimate
4.6.1 Need
4.6.2 Forecast
4.7 RFoG Industry
Adtran
Arris (Commscope)
BKtel
Calix
Cisco
CTDI
Electroline
Multicom
PBN
PCT
5.0 Conclusions
Attachment 1: Vectoring DSL-related Patents Survey (2015-2019)
Attachment 2: NG-PON2-related Patents Survey (2015-2019)
Attachment 3: RFoG-related Patents Survey (2015-2019)
Figure 1: PON Reference Model
Figure 2: PON Details
Figure 3: PON Architecture Example
Figure 4: OLT Functional Block Diagram
Figure 5: ONU Functional Block Diagram
Figure 6: PON Evolution Path
Figure 7: FSAN Roadmap
Figure 8: B-PON Frequency Arrangements
Figure 9: ITU Process
Figure 10: Functional Diagram – G.989 System
Figure 11: NG-PON2 Frequency Plan
Figure 12: GE-PON – 10GE-PON Scenario
Figure 13: GE/10GE-PON Spectrum Allocation
Figure 14: 802.3ca Time Schedule
Figure 15: Price vs Wired Houses %
Figure 16: Estimate-PON Equipment Global Sales ($B)
Figure 17: Estimate-PON ONUs Global Sales ($B)
Figure 18: Estimate – xGPON Equipment Global Sales ($B)
Figure 19: PON Technology Geography – Major Regions (2018)
Figure 20: PON U.S. Providers (2018)
Figure 21: Estimate: U.S. PON Service Providers Revenue ($B)
Figure 22: Market Share (%) - Major Broadband Access Technologies (2018)
Figure 23: FEXT Illustration
Figure 24: Reference Model – Vectored System (ITU Rec. G.993.5)
Figure 25: Vectored DSL – Characteristics Improvement
Figure 26: Vectored DSL Channel
Figure 27: Estimate: Premises Passed –VDSL2 – Global (Mil.)
Figure 28: Estimate: Global Shipments of Vectored VDSL2 Ports (Mil. units)
Figure 29: DPU - Illustration
Figure 30: G.fast Illustration
Figure 31: Illustration – G.fast Link Arrangements
Figure 32: Estimate: G.fast Market Worth-Global ($B)
Figure 34: HFC Frequencies Assignment Illustration
Figure 35: RFoG Reference Architecture
Figure 36: ONU-R Block Diagrams
Figure 37: HFC and RFoG Illustration
Figure 38: Illustration: PON Overlay
Figure 39: Comparative Characteristics
Figure 40: Estimate: Global - RFoG Market Size ($B)
Figure 41: Estimate: Global - RFoG Service Providers Revenue ($B)
Table 1: G-PON Transmission Rates
Table 2: G.987 Family
Table 3: NG-PON2 – Line Rates
Table 4: EFM Signaling Schemes
Table 5: Interfaces - 10GE PON
Table 6: PONs Compared
Table 7: PON Service Scenarios
Table 8: DSL Family Evolution
Table 9: ADSL Characteristics
Table 10: Parameters
Table 11: Bandwidth
Table 12: Optical Budget
Table 13: Downstream Transmission
Table 14: Frequency Plans

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