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Romania - Mobile Infrastructure, Broadband, Operators - Statistics and Analyses


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Romania - Mobile Infrastructure, Broadband, Operators - Statistics and Analyses

Romania's mobile communications market is served by five mobile network operators utilising a mixture of GSM, 3G and 4G technologies. Penetration rates are high as a result of multiple SIM-card ownership. Mobile broadband growth has been strong following network investments which have extended the reach of LTE services. Technologies adopted by the network operators have pushed mobile broadband to data rates at up to 375Mb/s, while the average mobile data rate reached 28Mb/s as of September 2016. There is effective competition among the MNOs, while a growing number of MVNOs add to the mix: one of the largest broadband players, UPC Romania, planned to launch as an MVNO in 2018. MNOs have also expanded into the fixed-line market: through a network sharing deal with Telekom Romania, Orange Romania provides bundled services to its subscribers, and in late 2016 the company launched FttP services offering data at up to 1Gb/s.

This report provides a concise overview of Romania's growing mobile market, covering market developments, as well as profiling the major operators and offering a variety of financial and performance statistics. It also provides an update on spectrum auctions and regulatory developments.

Key developments:

Digi Mobil reaches 1.52Gb/s in trials, contracts Ericsson to deploy 5G-enabled equipment; operators secure spectrum in the 3.4GHz band; Vodafone Romania's Supernet 4G+ service upgraded to provide data at up to 800Mb/s; MNOs fined for failing on coverage obligations; Orange Romania invests 500 million in its Romanian networks; Lycamobile launches services as an MVNO; Vodafone expands fixed-line voice and broadband offerings to retail customers; Telekom Romania Mobile launches commercial LTE service; Ministry of Defence encouraged to release 800MHz and 2600MHz spectrum for LTE use; UPC Romania planning launch as an MVNO in 2018; MNOs expand m-ticketing functionalities; regulator auctions 4G frequencies, bringing in 682 million; report update includes the regulator's market data to June 2016, telcos' operating and financial data to Q3 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Vodafone Romania, Orange Romania, Telekom Romania (Cosmote Romania), Digi Mobil, Telemobil.


1. Synopsis
2. Market analysis
3. Mobile statistics
3.1 General statistics
3.2 Mobile voice
3.3 Mobile broadband
3.3.1 Short Message Service (SMS)/Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
4. Regulatory issues
4.1 Licensing
4.1.1 UMTS (3G) licences
4.1.2 410MHz licence awarded
4.1.3 450MHz band
4.1.4 900MHz band
4.2 Spectrum
4.2.1 Multi-band spectrum auctions
4.2.2 3400MHz-3800MHz band
4.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
4.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
4.5 Roaming
4.6 Network sharing
5. Mobile infrastructure
5.1 Analogue networks
5.2 Digital networks
5.2.1 UMTS (3G) mobile
5.2.2 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
5.2.3 5G developments
5.3 Other infrastructure developments
5.3.1 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
5.3.2 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
5.3.3 Evolved High Speed Packet Access (HSPA+)
5.3.4 Broadband wireless data service (1x EV-DO)
5.4 Major mobile operators
5.4.1 Vodafone Romania
5.4.2 Orange Romania
5.4.3 Telekom Romania Mobile (formerly Cosmote Romania)
5.4.4 Digi Mobil
5.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
5.6 Mobile Virtual Network Aggregators (MVNAs)
6. Mobile content and applications
6.1.1 Orange World
6.1.2 M-ticketing
6.1.3 M-banking
6.1.4 Mobile TV
7. Related reports
Table 1 Historic Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate 1997 - 2009
Table 2 Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate 2010 2017
Table 3 Mobile market revenue 2013 - 2015
Table 4 Mobile market investment 2005 - 2012
Table 5 Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers 2000 - 2016
Table 6 Prepaid cards in service 2009 - 2016
Table 7 Vodafone prepaid subscribers 2005 - 2015
Table 8 Telekom Romania prepaid subscribers 2008 2016
Table 9 Mobile network (terminated) traffic 2009 - 2016
Table 10 Active mobile internet and broadband connections 2008 - 2016
Table 11 Active mobile internet and broadband connections by technology 2012 - 2016
Table 12 Mobile broadband traffic 2011 - 2016
Table 13 Mobile broadband penetration by connection type 2010 2016
Table 14 Total MMS messages sent 2008 - 2016
Table 15 Total SMS messages sent 2005 - 2016
Table 16 SMS messages sent per subscriber 2010 - 2016
Table 17 Multi-spectrum auction results 2012
Table 18 Multi-spectrum auction results spectrum allocation 2012
Table 19 Mobile number portings 2008 - 2016
Table 20 MTRs 2008 - 2014
Table 22 European data roaming charges 2014 - 2017
Table 23 International roaming traffic 2012 - 2016
Table 24 Overview of provider services by technology 2016
Table 25 Vodafone Romania subscribers 2008 - 2017
Table 26 Vodafone Romania voice traffic 2008 - 2016
Table 27 Vodafone Romania ARPU 2008 - 2017
Table 28 Vodafone Romania revenue 2009 - 2015
Table 29 Vodafone Romania mobile service revenue 2014 - 2017
Table 30 Orange Romania subscribers 2007 - 2017
Table 31 Orange Romania blended ARPU 2008 - 2017
Table 32 Orange Romania revenue 2014 - 2017
Table 33 Telekom Romania Mobile financial data 2006 - 2017
Table 34 Telekom Romania Mobile subscribers 2006 - 2017
Table 35 Telekom Romania Mobile Romania ARPU 2006 - 2017
Chart 1 Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate 2005 2017
Chart 2 Vodafone Romania ARPU 2008 2017

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