Lebanon - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband

Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Lebanon becomes a hub for ICT entrepreneurship

Lebanon is home to a growing technology sector, complete with local start-up incubators designed to provide seed funding and mentoring to technology entrepreneurs. To address the infrastructure issue, a number of start- up hosting locations have emerged with the support of the government, in recognition of the importance of nurturing a local digital economy to contribute to overall economic development.

Building on this environment, in late 2014 the World Bank announced it would launch its Mobile Internet Ecosystem project (MIEP) in the country. Lebanon was chosen by the World Bank because it has a highly educated population who can speak a number of languages; is home to a number of well regarded universities for the region and has an economy which uses multiple currencies. The World Bank project will see Lebanon become an incubator for international mobile applications.

Mobile services in Lebanon are provided by Alfa and MTC Touch over the government owned networks. Both operators launched 3G/HSPA services in October 2011, followed by 4G LTE networks more recently however 4G is yet been deployed nationwide.

Lebanon was an early investor in fibre-optic technology with an extensive fibre network already laid throughout the country. However it is not currently commercially available for reasons unclear - and it lies idle with reports claiming there is work still to be completed on the network before it can become operational.

Increased Internet speeds and improved broadband capacity has fuelled growth for Lebanon's ICT sector. The government has made concerted efforts to introduce lower prices and offer higher speeds for broadband as well as reduce fixed and mobile telephone tariffs; however both broadband and mobile pricing is still considered high when compared to the rest of the MENA region.

Liberalisation stalled in Lebanon some years ago, despite the previous development of plans by the TRA. The current Telecommunications Minister Boutros Harb has made it clear however that he would like to revive the plan which includes the development of Liban Telecom to replace Ogero Telecom.

Despite the positive movements towards making telecoms services more affordable, improving infrastructure and the revival of liberalisation discussions - some inhibitors to Lebanon's telecommunications growth include the continual electricity outages, difficult mountain terrains, lack of liberalisation, civil instability due to the Syrian conflict and cyber-security threats.

Key telecom parameters 2012; 2015
Sector | 2012 | 2015
Subscribers to telecoms services (million):
Fixed Broadband | 0.45 | 0.54
Fixed-line telephony | 0.91 | 0.91
Mobile phone | 4.00 | 4.20
(Source: BuddeComm)

Key developments:

Lebanon's telecoms market holds a unique position in the Middle East given the high level of government involvement.

Privatisation has been delayed as the telecoms sector is a significant generator of government revenue, restricting the market from reaching its potential.

In 2014 the ISP's completed infrastructure and technical upgrades that were necessary to improve speed in order to meet the requirements of new data plans introduced by the telecommunications minister.

The start-up scene in Lebanon is gathering pace quickly with a number of venture capital firms and companies taking an interest.

The banking sector has been identified as the most mature B2C and B2B e-commerce application in Lebanon.

In 2015 the domestic TV broadcasters joined together to request cable TV companies pay a carriage fee for distributing their


4G LTE networks have both been launched by Alfa and MTC Touch, however the service is not yet available nationwide.

Alfa and Touch are both exploring VoLTE services with Alfa conducting live testing of the service in 2014.

Companies covered in this report include:

Ogero Telecom, Cable One (Wigo Lebanon), Cedarcom, GlobalCom Data Services (GDS), Pesco Telecom, Sodetel, IDM/Cyberia, TerraNet, MTC Touch, Alfa Telecom, Cinemoz, Leap Ventures, MarkaVIP, Telly, ICFlix Media.

1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
2.1 Country overview
3. Telecommunications market
3.1 Overview of Lebanon's telecom market
4. Regulatory environment
4.1 Background
4.2 Regulatory authority
4.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Lebanon
4.4 Privatisation
4.4.1 Ogero Telecom
4.4.2 Mobile operators
4.5 Interconnect
5. Fixed network operator in Lebanon
5.1 Ogero Telecom
6. Telecommunications infrastructure
6.1 National telecom network
6.2 International infrastructure
6.2.1 Submarine cable networks
7. Broadband access market
7.1 Overview
7.1.1 Internet and broadband statistics
7.2 Broadband subscriber forecasts
7.2.1 Scenario 1 higher growth
7.2.2 Scenario 2 lower growth
7.3 Data service providers
7.3.1 Overview
7.3.2 Cable One (Wigo Lebanon)
7.3.3 Cedarcom
7.3.4 GlobalCom Data Services
7.3.5 Pesco Telcom
7.3.6 Sodetel
7.4 ISP market
7.4.1 Cedarcom Group/Mobi
7.4.2 IDM/Cyberia
7.4.3 TerraNet
7.5 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
7.6 Fibre to the Home (FttH)
7.7 Wireless broadband
7.7.1 WiFi
7.7.2 WiMAX
7.7.3 iBurst
7.7.4 Internet via satellite (Ku band services)
8. Digital economy/digital media
8.1 Overview
8.1.1 Start-ups in Lebanon
8.1.2 MIEP project
8.2 E-commerce
8.2.1 MarkaVIP thriving in the Middle East
8.3 E-government
8.4 E-education
8.4.1 Mobile Learning (m-learning)
8.4.2 PC and Internet penetration
8.5 E-health
8.6 Social media
8.7 Cloud technology
9. Digital broadcasting
9.1 Overview
9.2 Broadcasting regulation
9.3 Free-to-Air (FTA) and satellite TV
9.4 Video-on-Demand (VoD)
9.5 Pay TV
9.6 Music
10. Mobile communications
10.1 Overview of Lebanon's mobile market
10.1.1 Mobile statistics
10.2 Regulatory issues
10.2.1 Overview
10.2.2 Lebanon's current mobile contracts
10.3 Mobile technologies
10.3.1 GSM
10.3.2 3G
10.3.3 Long Term Evolution (LTE)
10.4 Major mobile operators
10.4.1 Touch (operated by Zain)
10.4.2 Alfa
10.5 Mobile voice services
10.5.1 Prepaid
10.5.2 Satellite mobile
10.5.3 Mobile VoIP
10.6 Mobile messaging
10.7 Mobile data
10.7.1 Mobile Broadband
10.8 Mobile content and applications
10.8.1 M-payments
10.8.2 Mobile TV
11. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Lebanon 2015
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2015
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2015
Table 4 Fixed broadband statistics 2015
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2015
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 GDP growth and inflation 2005 - 2015
Table 8 Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1996 - 2015
Table 9 Internet user and penetration estimates 1995 - 2015
Table 10 Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2002 - 2015
Table 11 Household PC penetration 2002 - 2015
Table 12 International Internet bandwidth 2003 - 2013
Table 13 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers higher growth scenario 2019; 2024
Table 14 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers lower growth scenario 2019; 2024
Table 15 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
Table 16 Mobile subscribers and penetration 2005 - 2015
Table 17 Mobile operators' market share 2004 2014
Table 18 Touch prepaid and postpaid subscribers 2005 - 2014
Table 19 Alfa subscribers 2009 - 2014
Table 20 Active mobile broadband subscriptions 2011 - 2015
Chart 1 Lebanon fixed-line and mobile subscribers 2005 2015

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