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Key Statistics, Regulatory and Telecom Market Insights - Ghana

Key Statistics, Regulatory and Telecom Market Insights - Ghana

In liberalising and deregulating its telecommunications sector, Ghana proved to be one of the pioneering countries within African. The privatisation of Ghana Telecom (GT) in 1996 was the catalyst for an extraordinary growth in market competition across the mobile, internet and fixed-line sectors. Following the exit of the initial investor in GT, the company was re-privatised to Vodafone in 2008. The second national operator, Westel, was also re-privatised, in 2007, becoming a member of the Zain Group, one of Africa's leading mobile operators. The Group was taken over by Bharti Airtel of India in 2010. The arrival of an additional two new international submarine fibre optic cables in 2012 and 2013 has significantly increased international bandwidth, and has added considerable competition to a sector previously dominated by GT through its interest in the SAT-3/WASC cable. Augmented international connectivity combined with the roll out of national fibre backbone networks by a number of players is continuing to revolutionise the country's broadband market and pave the way for the convergence of technologies and services.

Key developments:

Fifth international submarine fibre optic cable launched; Ghana Information Communication Technology Council to be set up to guide the ICT sector; fibre optic backbone network in the Eastern Corridor opens; continuing influence of fixed-mobile substitution; regulator's market data to May 2014; telcos' operating data updates; market developments into 2014.

Companies covered in this report:

Vodafone (Ghana Telecom); Telkom Malaysia; Telenor; Bharti Airtel (Zain/Celtel, Westel); Capital Telecom; Globacom, Main One; VoltaCom; Phase3 Telecom; Suburban Telecom.


1. Synopsis
2. Key statistics
3. Telecommunications market
3.1 Overview of Ghana's telecom market
4. Regulatory environment
4.1 Regulatory authority
4.1.1 National Communications Authority (NCA)
4.2 West African common regulatory framework 2005
4.3 New competition framework 2006
4.4 Electronic Communications Act
4.5 Electronic Transaction Act
4.6 Universal service
4.7 Ghana Investment Fund for Telecommunications (GIFTEL)
4.7.1 The eCARE project
4.8 Telecom sector liberalisation
4.9 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
4.10 Fixed-line licence conditions
5. Fixed network operators in Ghana
5.1 Ghana Telecom (Vodafone)
5.1.1 First privatisation 1997-2007
5.1.2 The Telenor period, 2003-2005
5.1.3 Second privatisation 2008
5.1.4 Services
5.1.5 Tariffs
5.1.6 Network infrastructure
5.1.7 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
5.1.8 National fibre backbone
5.2 Bharti Airtel (Zain, Westel)
5.2.1 Nationalisation 2006
5.2.2 Re-privatisation 2007
5.3 Capital Telecom Ltd (defunct)
6. Fixed-line statistics
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Public payphones
7.2 Fibre backbone infrastructure
7.3 International infrastructure
7.4 Submarine fibre optic cables
7.5 SAT-3/WASC submarine fibre
7.5.1 Glo-1
7.5.2 Main One
7.5.3 WACS
7.5.4 ACE
8. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics 2014 (e)
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2014 (May)
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2014
Table 4 Internet, broadband and social media user statistics 2013 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2014 (may)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Fixed-line and mobile services revenue 2010 - 2012
Table 8 Fixed-line subscribers by operator 2011 - 2014
Table 9 Vodafone Ghana prepaid fixed-line tariffs July 2012
Table 10 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1999 - 2004
Table 11 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 - 2015
Table 12 International bandwidth 2001 - 2013
Chart 1 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 - 2015

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