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Egypt - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses


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Egypt - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Egypt has the largest fixed-line market in Africa and the Arab region. The incumbent telco Telecom Egypt remains 80% owned by the State, and the government retains considerable authority over the company through its representatives to the company's board: in April 2015 a number of newly made appointments resulted in the Chairman and CEO of Telecom Egypt being replaced.

The country's political crisis following the Arab Spring' revolution which began in 2011 has adversely affected the telecom sector. Although revenue has remained stable, profit margins and capital expenditure have fallen due to a weaker local currency, especially since the beginning of 2013, and international investors have shown considerable caution. The government in recent months has endeavoured to secure billions of dollars in funding to develop technology parks and to extend broadband availability, and in the process to create jobs in ICT and rekindle international investor interest.

Previously abandoned plans for a second fixed-line licence and a fourth mobile licence have been revived. They will take the form of unified licences which will give Telecom Egypt (TE) the right to operate as a Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) while the mobile operators would gain access to TE's fixed-line infrastructure. Though the unified licenses were agreed to in April 2014, there have been many delays in issuing them, though further progress was made in September 2015.

Efforts are underway to roll out next-generation networks, offering converged IP-based voice, data and entertainment services. Egypt is well connected by several international submarine fibre optic cables, while it also has an extensive national fibre backbone and some of Africa's most vibrant Fibre-to-the-premises (FttP) deployments. Licences for spectrum suitable for LTE, expected to be issued in early 2016, will go far to improving mobile broadband services in regional areas.

Key developments:

Orascom Telecom's MENA submarine cable becomes operational; Mobinil, Vodafone, Telecom Egypt sign $2 billion infrastructure sharing deal; TE replaces its Chairman and CEO after the Prime Minister appoints new government representatives to the company; political crisis affects the telecom sector; Telecom Egypt receives Unified Telecom Licence, set to enter the mobile market; mobile operators able to enter the fixed-line market under new unified licensing regime; consortium signs contract to build the EA-ME-WE 5 cable; telcos' operating and financial data to Q3 2015, regulator's market data to July 2015, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telecom Egypt; Orascom Telecom; Menatel; NilePhone; Raya Telecom; Zhone Technologies; Ericsson; NEC; Nortel Networks; Qualcomm; ZTE; Huawei Technologies; Alcatel; Lucent Technologies.


1. Synopsis
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Historical overview
4.2 Market analysis
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Historical overview
5.2 Regulatory authority
5.2.1 National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority
5.2.2 Ministry of Communications & Information Technology
5.3 New Regulatory Framework
5.4 Telecommunications Master Plan
5.5 Legislative reform
5.6 Unified Telecom License (UTL)
5.7 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.7.1 International gateway licences
5.7.2 International submarine cable licence
5.7.3 Local loop unbundling (LLU, ULL)
5.8 Interconnection
5.9 Tariffs
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Telecom Egypt
6.1.1 Network infrastructure
6.1.2 Wireless local loop (WLL)
6.1.3 Services
6.1.4 Wholesale
6.1.5 Financial results
6.1.6 Privatisation
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.2 Public payphones
7.3 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
7.4 Smart grid infrastructure
7.5 International infrastructure
7.5.1 Terrestrial
7.5.2 Submarine fibre
7.5.3 Satellite
7.6 IT developments
7.6.1 Data service providers
7.6.2 Data centres
7.6.3 Internet gateways
7.6.4 Cairo Regional Internet Exchange (CRIX)
7.6.5 VSAT networks
8. Related reports
List of Tables, Exhibits and Charts
Table 1 Country statistics 2015 (e0
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2015 (e)
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2015
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2015 (e)
Table 5 Broadband statistics 2015 (e)
Table 6 Mobile statistics 2015 (e)
Table 7 National telecommunications authorities
Table 8 Telecom Egypt key performance indicators 2003 - 2015
Table 9 Telecom Egypt fixed voice vs. data ARPU 2010 - 2013
Table 10 Telecom Egypt fixed line ARPU by sector 2012 - 2015
Table 11 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt 1995 - 2004
Table 12 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt 2005 - 2015
Table 13 Public payphones by operator in Egypt 2002 - 2014
Table 14 International bandwidth in Egypt 2003 - 2015
Chart 1 Telecom Egypt key performance indicators 2003 2015
Chart 2 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt 2005 - 2015
Exhibit 1 Major licences issued in Egypt 2013

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