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Colombia - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Colombia - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Colombia's telecom infrastructure is reasonably well developed in the main business centres, where service availability is relatively high by regional standards. However, infrastructure remains poor in small urban centres and rural areas. The government has sought to address this with a number of public programs and has facilitated the entry of operators to the mobile market in a bid to improve competition and extend the availability of mobile broadband services nationally.

The main regulatory instruments in the telecom sector are the Convergence Decree and the ICT Law. The first sets out the rules attached to the Convergence Licence. It also requires telcos with dominant market position to provide wholesale services and unbundling. The second promotes universal access, ensures free competition and the efficient use of infrastructure and spectrum, and above all, it strengthens consumer protection.

The fastest growing sector is mobile broadband, which is principally based on LTE infrastructure though there is investment in 5G as well. The fixed broadband market is also thriving, with the cable fibre segment showing strong growth at the expense of DSL connections. Fixed-line teledensity in Colombia is well below the Latin American average.

Colombia has about 20 local telephony providers, operating municipally, regionally, or nationally. Many of these started as private companies, but later became public concerns owned by their respective municipalities. The number of lines in service continues to fall steadily, with customers abandoning traditional phones in favour of mobile handsets. As in other Latin American countries, most of the existing fixed telephone lines are concentrated in the larger cities, leaving the rest of the population under-serviced.

This report provides an overview of Colombia's telecom market and regulatory environment, together with profiles of the major fixed-line operators and a range of statistics and analyses.

Key developments:

Government to sell its 32.5% stake in Telefónica Colombia;
Level 3 Communications announces plans for a new 400Gb/s spur to the SAC cable;
Azteca completes 20,500km terrestrial cable connecting 80% of the country;
New rules from the Communication Regulation Commission prevent telcos signing exclusive use agreements on infrastructure in buildings;
Report update includes the regulator's market data to March 2018, telcos' operating and financial data to Q3 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Movistar/Telefónica, Claro (Telmex/Comcel), UNE-EPM, Emcali, Tigo, Avantel, Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Santa Fe de Bogotá (ETB), Emcali, Telebucaramanga, Telefónica de Pereira, Edatel.


1. Synopsis
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Historical overview
4.2 Market analysis
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Historical overview
5.2 Regulatory authorities
5.2.1 Communications Regulations Commission (CRC, previously CRT)
5.2.2 ANTV
5.3 Convergence Decree
5.4 2009 ICT Law
5.5 Privatisation
5.6 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.7 Universal Service Fund
5.8 Licensing
5.9 Interconnect
5.10 Access
5.11 Number Portability (NP)
5.12 Multicarrier system/Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
5.13 Subsidies
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Introduction
6.2 ETB
6.2.1 Privatisation and merger plans
6.3 Movistar (Telefónica Telecom/Colombia Telecom)
6.4 TigoUne (UNE-EPM Telecomunicaciones)
6.4.1 Previous subsidiaries
6.4.2 Edatel
6.4.3 Telefónica de Pereira
6.5 Claro (Telmex Colombia/América Móvil)
6.6 Emcali
6.7 Telebucaramanga
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.2 International infrastructure
7.2.1 Submarine cable networks
7.2.2 Satellite networks
7.2.3 Terrestrial links
8. Wholesale
9. Related reports
Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Colombia 2018 (e)
Table 2 Evolution of GDP in Colombia 2000 - 2018
Table 3 Historic - Fixed and mobile market share of connections 1998 - 2009
Table 4 Fixed and mobile market share of connections 2010 - 2019
Table 5 Telcom market revenue (COP) 2000 - 2016
Table 6 Telcom market revenue (US$ billion) 2000 - 2016
Table 7 Share of fixed lines in service (major operators) 2000 - 2018
Table 8 ETB share of subscriptions by services (Bogota) 2013 - 2017
Table 9 ETB lines in service 2000 - 2018
Table 10 ETB revenue by service 2013 - 2018
Table 11 Movistar fixed lines in service (regulator data) 2000 - 2018
Table 12 Movistar financial data 2015 - 2018
Table 13 TigoUne lines in service 2000 - 2018
Table 14 Historic - UNE EPM financial data 2015 - 2017
Table 15 Claro fixed lines in service 2000 - 2018
Table 16 Claro revenue by sector 2013 - 2018
Table 17 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1996 - 2009
Table 18 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010 - 2019
Chart 1 Share of fixed lines in service (major operators) 2000 2018
Chart 2 Claro revenue by sector 2013 2018
Chart 3 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 - 2019
Exhibit 1 Map of Colombia

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