BuddeComm Intelligence Report - Internet Governance and Net Neutrality Insights

BuddeComm Intelligence Report - Internet Governance and Net Neutrality Insights

Would an internet failure result in what economists call a too big to fail disaster? In other words, will such a collapse be catastrophic for our society and the economy? If the internet fails we cannot go back to the systems that helped us to run our lives in the 1950s, when we had only one-third of the population to worry about. We are growing from 7 to 9 billion people, whether we like it or not, and we therefore need the right systems to manage a world of 9 billion people.

Very few people fully realise the impact of this population growth in such an incredibly short period. And it is here that the internet plays its most important role. Yet technically it was never designed to take on such enormous responsibilities. Resolving the issues surrounding control and governance of the internet is also of fundamental importance to the future success of the Internet. Issues surrounding security and governance are already of concern for emerging sectors like e-health; e-commerce; e-education and e-government.

Among the hottest topics are the issues in relation to the security of the various aspects of the digital economy. Analysts predict that spending on e-security and mobile security will rise sharply and continue to be a key priority.

This BuddeComm Intelligence report explores the increasingly vital importance of the Internet to our economy and society and the underlying factors which need to be considered when examining the role it plays. The report analyses the developments regarding governance of the Internet and draws on developments from the World Conference on International Telecommuncations (WCIT). It also explores the issues surrounding cyber security and net neutrality.

Key developments:

On the one hand, we were lucky that the internet in its current format was invented by academics and innovative independent entrepreneurs rather than by governments and the vested commercial interests. Furthermore, the various elements of the internet are built by private companies and as such are also owned by them very little internet ownership' is in the hands of governments. The internet would never have been developed if it had been left to governments, telcos or the international institutions around them. On the other hand, the explosion of the internet has also produced a range of issues that, whether we like it or not, has reached a level that goes beyond the more community-based developments. The debate about the control of the internet is also intensifying. The Netherlands was the first country to attack the network neutrality issue at its heart, and to separate network ownership and services for all networks, whether copper, coax or fibre.

1. Synopsis
2. Complex societies depend on ICT infrastructure
3. The Internet and the economy in statistics
3.1 Parochial politicians fail to address the complex global problems
4. Control of the internet
4.1 International discussion
4.2 Internet governanace back in the limelight
4.2.1 Issues are still not unravelled
4.2.2 The American obstacle
4.2.3 Positive and negative government interference
4.2.4 ICANN a positive step forward
4.2.5 International telecommunications regulations
4.2.6 ICANN needs fostering
4.2.7 The role of the international community
4.2.8 Internet has become a key political and commercial issue
4.2.9 Looks like we will muddle on
4.3 Net neutrality
4.4 The two sides of Net Neutrality update 2014
4.4.1 Wholesale access to infrastructure
4.4.2 The American obstacle
4.4.3 An affordable general-purpose network
4.4.4 Why should OTT players pay?
4.4.5 So why rock the boat?
4.4.6 There is no one-size-fits-all solution
4.4.7 How to move ahead
4.4.8 The seriously flawed American telecoms market
4.5 Interests at play
4.5.1 The internet community
4.5.2 USA
4.5.3 Commercial interests
4.5.4 Other developed economies
4.5.5 Developing countries
4.5.6 International organisations
5. E-security
5.1 Infrastructure issues
5.2 How safe is FttH?
6. Cybercrime
6.1 Child protection a priority
6.2 E-health security
6.2.1 E-health accountability and transparency
6.3 E-commerce security
7. Security developments
7.1 Internet companies in China show interest
7.2 Security an issue for social media
7.3 E-security spending
8. Be prepared with robust national infrastructure
9. Conclusion - infrastructure essential for the digital economy
10. Related reports
Table 1 Global - Internet users and annual change 2009 - 2014
Table 2 Worldwide IT security spending 2011; 2012; 2016
Table 3 Worldwide security software spending 2010 - 2015
Chart 1 Global - Internet users 2009 - 2014
Exhibit 1 Interesting statistics on the impact of the Internet and the economy
Exhibit 2 Implications of ending net neutrality
Exhibit 3 Norway a leader in net neutrality
Exhibit 4 Netherlands adopts net neutrality legislation

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