Romania In-depth PEST Insights

Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Romania In-depth PEST Insights


This PEST country analysis report on Romania provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.


  • Understand the political system in Romania through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.
  • Understand the economic situation in Romania through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.
  • Understand customer demographics in Romania through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.
  • Understand the technological landscape in Romania through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.
  • The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Romania, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.
  • The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Romania's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment.
  • The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.
Reasons to Buy
  • What is the outlook in Romania in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?
  • How does Romania perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?
  • How does Romania perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?
  • How does Romania perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

1.1. Catalyst
1.2. Summary
1.2.1. Key highlights
1.3. Key developments (April 2021 - March 2022)
1.4. Recovery of the economy from the COVID-19 crisis
1.4.1. Snapshot
1.4.2. Vaccination
1.4.3. Government measures Lockdown Travel ban Stimulus
1.4.4. Impact on the economy
2.1. Key facts
2.2. Geographical location
3.1. Summary
3.2. Evolution
3.3. Structure and policies
3.3.1. Key political figures
3.3.2. Structure of government
3.3.3. Legislature
3.3.4. Key political parties
3.3.5. Composition of parliament
3.3.6. Key policies
3.3.7. Economic and social
3.3.8. Foreign and defense policies
3.4. Performance
3.4.1. Governance indicators
4.1. Summary
4.2. Evolution
4.3. Structure and policies
4.3.1. Financial system
4.4. Performance
4.4.1. Fiscal situation
4.4.2. International investment position
4.4.3. Romania’s national recovery and resilience plan
4.4.4. Unemployment
5.1. Summary
5.2. Evolution
5.3. Structure and policies
5.3.1. Demographic composition
5.3.2. Education
5.3.3. Healthcare
5.4. Performance
5.4.1. Healthcare
5.4.2. Income distribution
5.4.3. Education
6.1. Summary
6.2. Evolution
6.3. Structure and policies
6.3.1. Intellectual property
6.4. Performance
7.1. Ask the analyst
7.2. About MarketLine
7.3. Disclaimer
List of Tables
Table 1: Romania - Key facts, 2022
Table 2: Romania - Population by gender (as a percentage of total population), 2021
List of Figures
Figure 1: Map of Romania, 2022
Figure 2: Romania - Timeline of key political events
Figure 3: Romania - Key political figures
Figure 4: Distribution of seats in the chamber of deputies in Romania, December 2020
Figure 5: Evolution of GDP (%), 2012-21
Figure 6: Bucharest stock exchange index (BET index), March 2021-March 2022
Figure 7: Real GDP and GDP growth (constant prices), 2017-26f
Figure 8: GDP by sector in Romania, 2021e
Figure 9: Romania - Agricultural output (RON billion/%), 2017-22f
Figure 10: Romania - Industrial output (RON billion/%), 2017-22f
Figure 11: Romania - Services output (RON billion/%), 2017-22f
Figure 12: Romania- General government net lending/borrowing, 2017-26f
Figure 13: Romania - Current account balance, 2017-26f
Figure 14: Romania - General government gross debt, 2017-26f
Figure 15: Volume of exports and imports of goods and services, 2017-26f
Figure 16: FDI inflows in Romania, 2012-20
Figure 17: Consumer price index and CPI-based inflation, 2017-26f
Figure 18: Unemployment rate, 2017-26f
Figure 19: Religion in Romania, 2011
Figure 20: Total healthcare expenditure, 2012-20
Figure 21: Gross enrollment ratio and net enrollment rate for secondary education, 2014-19
Figure 22: Patents granted per million persons, 2012-20
Figure 23: Internet users in Romania, 2017-21e

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