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Low Power Wireless Networks 2017-2027: Technologies, Markets, Opportunities

Low Power Wireless Networks 2017-2027: Technologies, Markets, Opportunities

Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN) for the Internet of Things have developed over the last four years and networks are being deployed at a dramatic rate, across the world and an interesting industry has emerged transmitting small packets of data, primarily from sensors using unlicensed spectrum. However, cellular operators have developed a new class of licensed spectrum suitable for similar applications, the large network infrastructure that already exists for such operators means a global IoT network can be launched much faster than unlicensed LPWAN providers building such infrastructure themselves.

This emerging trend is in part driven by government regulation in applications such as connected utility meters and smart city infrastructure while industrial applications in agriculture and asset tracking are helping industries gain value from the data produced. Over the next decade more than 12 billion devices will be connected to such networks.

This report gives an independent and comprehensive analysis of the wireless networking industry covering a range of technologies, using both licensed and unlicensed spectrum to communicate. The report includes over 120 companies working in this space from across the value chain. Primary research has been conducted based on primary interviews with network operators, semiconductor manufacturers, licensing companies and device manufacturers.

In addition to an analysis of the technology, IDTechEx have analysed the four main verticals driving adoption of low power wireless network technology, these are:

Smart home - Intelligent building networks are moving past the early adopter stage into the early majority, with government regulation driving the need for connected utilities and intelligent lighting and environmental management being used to make homes and offices more energy efficient, wireless networks play a key role in the connected building.

Smart City - Governments around the world are investing heavily in adding connected infrastructure to their environments, primarily in streetlighting and environmental monitoring solutions among other applications. Utilising low power wireless networks.

Asset tracking - While GPS is a popular source of asset location, it has high power requirements, making it unsuitable for low power applications, geolocation is possible using several low power networks and providing new methods of pallet, animal and people tracking.

Agriculture - Technology is increasingly entering the agricultural space with new ways to monitor crops, water usage, environmental conditions and other aspects designed to ensure produce uniformity and good yields on farms and vineyards. The long range and low power requirements of LPWAN networks make them ideal for such applications.

These form part of a 10 year forecast of deployment as well as hardware and subscription market values. The report contains detailed profiles of all key players across this ecosystem. All profiles are generated from interview-based primary research with key staff from the relevant company, and are compiled alongside our other research to give maximum insight into the industry. In our end user interviews, we summarise the future direction in some of the worlds largest companies, outlining their vision for how wireless networks will play a key role in the future of IoT, and what they feel is needed from parallel industries to drive further growth.

Please note the PDF Email From Publisher version of this report allows five users.

1.1. What is a wireless network?
1.2. What has led to the age of IoT?
1.3. Industries targeting IoT
1.4. Hurdles to mass rollout of IoT infrastructure
1.5. Choosing the right connectivity option
1.6. Different networks suit different applications
1.7. Different network types have different strengths
1.8. What is LPWAN?
1.9. Two main use cases for LPWAN
1.10. Interest in LPWAN has grown dramatically since 2015
1.11. Key players providing LPWAN technology
1.12. LPWAN Providers at a glance
1.13. Is 5G the future for IoT?
1.14. Sensors in the smart home
1.15. Sensors in the smart city
1.16. LPWAN in precision agriculture
1.17. The real value for LPWAN lies in subscriptions & services
1.18. Report outcomes
2.1. A brief history of the internet
2.2. An internet made of things
2.3. The Internet of Things is about getting value out of data
2.4. Different industries have different focus
2.5. Five ways IoT is creating opportunities
2.6. What is a smart device?
2.7. Connecting something to the internet does not make it smart
2.8. Key definitions used in wireless networks
2.9. Important business choices for IoT companies
3.1. Safe communication using radio frequency
3.2. IoT devices produce small amounts of data
3.3. Large scale IoT projects have specific connectivity needs
3.4. Addressing the IP address shortage
3.5. 6LowPAN is an extension of IPv6
3.6. Low bitrate signals travel longer distances
3.7. Ultra narrow band (UNB) data transmission
3.8. Choosing the right network for the right application
3.9. LPWAN technology developed in the 1980s
3.10. Key features of LPWAN connectivity
3.11. Dealing with interference in an LPWAN system
3.12. Worldwide radio spectrum availability
3.13. Use of licenced and unlicensed spectrum
3.14. Different spectrum areas support different applications
3.15. Cellular communication on licenced spectrum
3.16. Global use of unlicensed spectrum.
3.17. A long term future for unlicensed spectrum IoT devices?
3.18. Spectrum sharing as the next model for licensed spectrum?
3.19. Relative Project Costs for Cellular and LPWAN for new Deployments
3.20. Licensed and unlicensed protocols
3.21. Networking using a mesh topology
3.22. Power management in mesh networks
3.23. Networking using a scatternet topology
3.24. Networking using a star topology
3.25. Security considerations for IoT networks
4.1. The WPAN ecosystem is well established, but evolving
4.2. Bluetooth 5-the next WPAN system?
4.3. Bluetooth 4.2 vs Bluetooth 5
4.4. Cutting through the hype on Bluetooth 5
4.5. Three ZigBee specifications
4.6. Thread networking protocol
4.7. Interoperability in WPAN systems
4.8. Comparison of WLAN networking protocols
4.9. Applications of short range networks
4.10. Alliances lead to operability issues
5.1. How many competing LPWAN technologies?
5.2. The 'five 10s' of LPWAN connectivity
5.3. Terminology used in LPWAN architecture
5.4. Choosing an LPWAN: a simple flow chart
5.5. Ingenu worldwide coverage
5.6. LoRa Vs LoRaWAN
5.7. LoRaWAN worldwide coverage
5.8. Transmission over Chirp spread spectrum (CSS)
5.9. LoRaWAN system architecture
5.10. LoRaWAN protocol architecture
5.11. Three classifications of LoRaWAN networks
5.12. The Things Network
5.13. Global reach of The Thing's Network community
5.14. Applications and Limitations of LoRaWAN
5.15. Sigfox architecture
5.16. Global Sigfox coverage
5.17. Sigfox local operators by region
5.18. Classification of Weightless technologies
5.19. NB-IoT takes aim at LPWAN
5.20. Cellular operators trialling or deploying NB-IoT
5.21. Huawei & Vodafone leading the way in NB-IoT
5.22. NB-IoT Forum serves the needs of companies in the ecosphere
5.23. ARM backs NB-IoT
5.24. NB-IoT trials
5.25. The first commercial NB-IoT network launches in Europe
5.26. Planned NB-IoT networks in 2017
5.27. Inside the Vodafone NB-IoT open lab
5.28. Hurdles to NB-IoT rollout
5.29. Interoperability is holding NB-IoT back
5.30. Companies Partnering with Huawei on NB-IoT
5.31. T-Mobile rolls the dice on NB-IoT
5.32. LTE-M rolls out in America
5.33. LTE-M vs NB-IoT
5.34. LTE-M could kickstart the smartwatch industry
5.35. Key drivers for each LPWAN provider
5.36. The IoT battlefield: licensed vs unlicensed networks
5.37. Different LPWAN winders in different regions
5.38. Comparison of LPWAN capabilities
5.39. Visual comparison of LPWAN technologies
5.40. Defined battery life with LPWAN technology
5.41. Firmware upgrades over LPWAN
5.42. IoT networks designed for less economically developed countries
5.43. Will 5G make an impact in IoT?
5.44. 5G for the automotive sector
5.45. Unlicensed spectrum LPWAN making some impact in China
5.46. Roaming capabilities of each LPWAN technology
5.47. Total cost of LPWAN ownership
5.48. Porters five force analysis of the LPWAN industry
6.1. LPWAN offers big opportunities for the chip industry
6.2. Licensing requirements for LPWAN technologies
6.3. Price comparison of LPWAN module costs
6.4. Semiconductor manufacturers announcing chipsets for NB-IoT
6.5. Huawei driving NB-IoT hardware growth
6.6. Comprehensive database of LPWAN silicon manufacturers
6.7. Key players providing WPAN modules & chipsets
6.8. Recent acquisitions in the semiconductor industry
6.9. Linking LPWAN and WPAN communication methods
6.10. Multiple LPWAN technologies in a single device
6.11. Versatile chips are a game changer in the smart home
6.12. MEMS enabling the miniaturisation of chemical sensors
6.13. Sensor prototyping boards demonstrate demand from star-ups
7.1. A smart home should be a place where
7.2. Interest in the smart home is growing
7.3. A slow uptake in smart home devices so far
7.4. Control System- Fully Connected IoT system
7.5. Trends in smart homes
7.6. Locks in a smart home
7.7. Connected thermostats and energy meters
7.8. Motion sensors
7.9. Connected lights
7.10. Indoor air quality monitoring
7.11. Home utilities were the beginning of LPWAN
7.12. Home metering is LPWANs biggest market
7.13. Smart metering will peak in 2020
7.14. Enabling long range mesh networks for utilities
7.15. IKEA pledges support for ZigBee
7.16. ZigBee establishing itself as the smart home network
7.17. Mesh networking Bluetooth devices indoors
7.18. Wi-Fi routers are adopting multiple forms of communication to become the centre of the home
7.19. Temperature and humidity monitoring
7.20. Wireless indoor air quality monitoring
7.21. Fuel tank monitoring for home energy
7.22. Communication through sound in the smart home
8.1. Where are the smart cities?
8.2. Four factors that contribute to a smart city
8.3. Smart city mesh networks
8.4. The Wi-Sun alliance
8.5. Silver Spring networks in smart cities
8.6. LPWAN trends in smart cities
8.7. Smart City Trends: Parking
8.8. Car parking assisted by IoT
8.9. Smart City Trends: Waste
8.10. Smart city trends: street lights
8.11. Libelium nodes utilising LPWAN technology
8.12. Case Study: San Diego
8.13. LPWAN deployment across India
8.14. Internet connected fire hydrants
8.15. People as sensor nodes
8.16. LPWAN on a university campus
8.17. Canal systems in the Netherlands make use of LPWAN technology
8.18. LPWAN network coverage in Australia and New Zealand
8.19. LPWAN in contingency planning
9.1. Transmission on the Internet of moving Things
9.2. Traditional asset tracking methods are not ideal for IoT devices
9.3. Geolocation with LoRaWAN
9.4. Sigfox launches asset tracking platform
9.5. RTLS combining multiple transmission methods
9.6. Bluetooth well established in indoor location tracking
9.7. Asset tracking across indoor and outdoor space
9.8. LPWAN in the home
9.9. NB-IoT for theft management
9.10. Bicycle sharing enabled through NB-IoT
9.11. Medical asset tracking
9.12. Internet enabled pallet tracking
9.13. SAYME launch Sigfox based tracking modules
9.14. Asset tracking and a lot more
9.15. LPWAN as a GPS back up - case studies
9.16. Tracking shipping containers
9.17. NB-IoT in wearables
9.18. Child & pet tracking with IoT
9.19. Animal tracking in national parks
10.1. LPWAN technologies see major success in agriculture vertical
10.2. Crop monitoring using LPWAN networks
10.3. Agricultural monitoring in New Zealand
10.4. Verizon enter agricultural space
10.5. Smart vineyards enabled through IoT
10.6. Connected Kiwi production
10.7. A smart gardening system
10.8. Animal tracking across African plains
10.9. Sustainable fisheries with IoT
10.10. Sensor networks monitoring forest fires
10.11. Wireless sensor networks enabling fire fighters
11.1. Market forecasts assumptions
11.2. Total Market by deployments
11.3. Total market by subscription revenue
11.4. Market for LPWAN silicon
11.5. Smart city market by deployments
11.6. Smart City market for low power network subscription services
11.7. Smart City market for low power network silicon
11.8. Smart home market for low power connected devices
11.9. Smart home market for low power networks subscriptions and services
11.10. Smart home market for low power network silicon
11.11. Asset tracking market for low power networks by deployment
11.12. Asset tracking market for low power networks by revenue
11.13. Asset tracking market for low power network silicon
11.14. Agricultural market for low power networks by deployment
11.15. Agricultural market for low power networks by revenue
11.16. Agricultural market for low power network silicon

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