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Heat Map of Europe’s Real-Time Cities—Progress towards Commercialisation

Heat Map of Europe’s Real-Time Cities—Progress towards Commercialisation

Survey respondents are using and publishing data in order to address high-priority policy objectives: to reduce traffic congestion, improve energy efficiency, encourage citizen engagement, and present government as accessible and accountable. They are also embracing open innovation and advanced applications such as 3D mapping and virtual reality (VR) to reduce the cost of urban planning functions.

The approach is typically project-based and more integration across organisational silos will be needed to achieve longer-term goals such as economic growth and development of an indigenous tech sector.

Most datasets made available on a license-free basis are generated by the public sector. Private commercial sources include specialised areas such as geospatial information system (GIS) datasets for mapping and transportation system feeds.

Published data is mainly static and structured—such as census data—and so easily imported to a central hub. However, real-time unstructured streams such as social media and closed-circuit television (CCTV) are essential for any real-time city and will quickly become dominant by volume and importance.

The market for data acquisition platforms is not the most attractive for ICT vendors as cities are gravitating towards open source options such as CKAN and Socrata. In time, more strategically important roles will become available to manage platforms, data flows, and integration, and to offer analytic tools and services.

About this report

A true real-time city exploits its massive data repositories, its network and sensor infrastructure, and the expertise of its ICT partners in the pursuit of policy goals. Frost & Sullivan’s end-user survey explores how the early innovators are using big and/or open data to achieve these aims and ultimately to build a foundation for commercially-sustainable services. Question topics include city goals, data providers/users, open source software, project financing, and collaborative efforts. The resulting ‘heat map’ represents the relative progress of 27 respondents in West and East Europe.


  • Executive Summary
    • Findings-Real-Time City Trends in Europe
    • Results-Real-Time Cities Progress Heat Map
    • Questions This Study Will Answer
  • Research Background
    • Scope-Europe
    • 2015 Survey Methodology
    • Definitions
  • Survey Results-Goals and Activities
    • Q1-What is the City You Represent?
    • Q2-Which Services are the Main Focus of Your City's Initiatives?*
    • Q3-What are Your City's Top 3 Goals?*
    • Q4-What Do You Believe Stands Out in Your City's Use of Big or Open Data?*
    • Q5-Does Your City's Initiative Include Any of the Following?*
  • Survey Results-Data Sources and Users
    • Q6-How Many Public Datasets are Collected?
    • Q7-Who Owns the Data?
    • Q8-Where is Data Published?
    • Q9-What Open Source Technologies, Standards, and Guidelines are Used?
  • Survey Results-Funding, Budgets, and Collaboration
    • Q10-Please Rank the Budget Allocations for the Following Technology Cost Items
    • Q11-Which Infrastructure is Already Available or Requires Investment to Support Your City's Projects?
    • Q12-What are the Funding Sources Behind Your City's Initiatives?
    • Q13 & Q14-How is Your City Collaborating With Other Public Authorities and With ICT Suppliers?
    • Q15-Who are the Providers of Street Infrastructure?
    • Q16-Which ICT Suppliers are You Working With?
  • Benchmark Evaluation and Conclusions
    • Benchmarking Evalutation
    • Benchmark Derived from Survey Results
    • The Last Word

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