Market Research Logo

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Technologies and Global Markets

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Technologies and Global Markets

The global market for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) was $303 million and $622 million in 2008 and 2012, respectively. The market is expected to reach nearly$1.2 billion by 2020 from $662 million in 2015, increasing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.3% from 2015 to 2020.

This report provides:
An overview of the global markets for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), a technology offering the promise of greatly reduced environmental impact and excellent performance, price, fuel flexibility, and efficiency advantages.
Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2008 and 2012, 2015, and projections of CAGRs through 2020.
Discussion of the current state, setbacks, innovations, and the future needs of the market.
Examination of the market by application and by product sizes; utility scale, medium scale and small scale.
Applications covered include:
Combined heat and power (CHP)
Remote power and auxiliary power units (APUs)
Military
Portable product power
Exotic
Analyses of the technology and recent commercial developments in the SOFC industry.
Profiles of major players in the industry.


SCOPE OF REPORT

This report discusses the North American, European, Far Eastern and Rest-of-World market values. Target markets are based on optimistic, pessimistic and consensus alternatives, which are compared to the conventional power generation target and peak shifting opportunities. The current market is emerging with pre-commercial demos and subsidized pilot projects as well as fast-growing niche markets that are quickly becoming established specialty markets.

Over the next five years these pilots will be expanding into commercial implementations. The 2020 market is also characterized in terms of optimistic, pessimistic and consensus scenarios.

SOFC applications are described and analyzed. The following applications are considered:
Combined heat and power (CHP).
Remote power and auxiliary power units (APUs).
Military.
Portable product power.
Exotic.

SOFC companies are listed and their detailed profiles are discussed in the Company Profiles chapter.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
INTENDED AUDIENCE
SCOPE OF REPORT
METHODOLOGY
INFORMATION SOURCES
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL SOFC MARKET BY APPLICATIONS, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
SUMMARY FIGURE 1 GLOBAL SOFC MARKET TRENDS BY YEAR, 2008-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
SUMMARY FIGURE 2 GLOBAL SOFC MARKET SHARE BY APPLICATIONS, 2015 (%)
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW
FUEL CELL BACKGROUND
TABLE 1 COMPARISON OF SOFC WITH OTHER FUEL CELLS
SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL BACKGROUND
SOFC MATERIALS
SOFC Electrodes, Electrolytes and Interconnects
SOFC Glass Seals
SOFC Gaskets
TABLE 2 SOFC GASKET MATERIALS
Recent SOFC Material Developments
Northwestern University 3-D Printing
Colorado School of Mine Piezoelectric Materials
Stanford University Micro-SOFC Electrolyte Membrane
Georgia Tech SOFC Ceramic Material
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and
Technology and the Fine Ceramics Research Association
Electrode Compositions
UC San Diego's Center for Energy Research Novel Interconnect
Scheme
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Ceramic
Microreactors
Cornell University One-Pot Process
West Virginia University Interconnect Coatings
Nippon Shokubai Zirconia Sheets
TABLE 3 NIPPON SHOKUBAI ZIRCONIA SOFC SHEET SPECIFICATIONS
University of Birmingham Electrode Doping
SOFC TECHNOLOGY: CURRENT AND DEVELOPMENTAL CONFIGURATIONS
Generic Planar SOFC Configuration
FIGURE 1 PLANAR SOFC CONFIGURATION
Generic Thin-film Configuration
FIGURE 2 THIN-FILM SOFC CONFIGURATION
Generic Tubular Configuration
FIGURE 3 TUBULAR SOFC CONFIGURATION
Westinghouse Tubular Design
Siemens Power Generation Tubular Design
Advanced Microtubular Designs
FIGURE 4 TUBULAR CELL AND CURRENT PATH WITH SIEMENS CELLS
CONFIGURATION
FIGURE 5 TUBULAR CELL AND CURRENT PATH WITH A STRAIGHT METAL WIRE AS CURRENT COLLECTOR
FIGURE 6 CURRENT PATH IN RADIAL AND AXIAL DIRECTION WITH A SPRING COIL AS CURRENT COLLECTOR
Micro-tubular Design
NanoDynamics Energy Micro-tubular Configuration
MIT SOFC Power Plant Design
Ceres Power CHP Design
Bloom Energy Design
TABLE 4 SPECIFICATIONS FOR BLOOM ENERGY SERVER
Intermediate-Temperature SOFCs that Use Biogas for Fuel
FuelCon SOFC Test Station
SOFC Gas Turbine Hybrids
FIGURE 7 FUELCELL ENERGY SOFC/T HYBRID SYSTEM AND TORPEDO
CONFIGURATION
GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS AND SUBSIDIES
U.S. FEDERAL FUEL CELL SUBSIDIES AND INCENTIVES
U.S. Department of Energy
U.S. Office of Science
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Interagency Working Group
International Partnership for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells in the Economy
Federal Excise Tax Exemption for Anti-Idling
Argonne National Labs JOBS FC Model
National Science Foundation
Department of Defense
State Incentives
GLOBAL SUBSIDIES AND INCENTIVES
Canadian Subsidies and Incentives
European Subsidies and Incentives
Japanese Subsidies and Incentives
South Korean Subsidies and Incentives
Australian Subsidies and Incentives
CHAPTER 4 MARKETS BY APPLICATION
COMBINED HEAT AND POWER
CHP DEVELOPMENTS
U.S. DOE EERE CHP Developments
TABLE 5 PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL TARGETS: 1-KWE TO 10-KWE RESIDENTIAL
COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FUEL CELLS OPERATING ON NATURAL GAS, 2008-2020
TABLE 6 PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL TARGETS: 1-KWE TO 10-KWE FUEL CELL
AUXILIARY POWER UNITS OPERATING ON STANDARD ULTRALOW SULFUR DIESEL FUEL, 2008-2020
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Advisory Committee (HTAC) CHP
Developments
Ceres Power CHP Developments
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
University of California Control of a SOFC with a Battery for Buildings
GENERATORS, REMOTE POWER AND AUXILIARY POWER
GENERATORS AND PORTABLE POWER PLANTS
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE POWER
ANTI-IDLING APUS
AIRCRAFT APUS
MARINE VESSEL APUS
TRUCK APU
PORTABLE PRODUCTS
MILITARY
EXOTIC
NASA JOHNSON SPACE CENTER AIR INDEPENDENT SOFCS FOR MARS
LANDERS AND HABITATS
CHAPTER 5 SOFC MARKET SUMMARY
SOFC SEGMENTS ANALYZED
SOFC MARKET DRIVERS AND BASIS FOR SCENARIOS
SOFC APPLICATION MARKET DRIVER SCENARIOS
TABLE 7 SOFC CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC SCENARIOS, BY APPLICATION
SOFC REGIONAL MARKET DRIVER SCENARIOS
TABLE 8 SOFC CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC SCENARIOS, BY REGION SOFC PRODUCT MARKET DRIVER SCENARIOS
TABLE 9 SOFC CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC SCENARIOS, BY SCALE GLOBAL SOFC MARKET BY APPLICATION
TABLE 10 GLOBAL SOFC MARKET BY APPLICATION, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 8 GLOBAL SOFC MARKET TRENDS BY APPLICATION, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, 2008-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 9 GLOBAL SOFC MARKET SHARE BY APPLICATION CONSENSUS SCENARIO, 2015 (%)
TABLE 11 GLOBAL SOFC MARKET BY APPLICATION, OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 12 GLOBAL SOFC MARKET BY APPLICATION, PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
GLOBAL SOFC MARKET BY REGION
TABLE 13 GLOBAL SOFC MARKET BY REGION, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 10 GLOBAL SOFC MARKET SHARE BY REGION, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, 2015 (%)
TABLE 14 GLOBAL SOFC MARKET BY REGION, OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 15 GLOBAL SOFC MARKET BY REGION, PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
GLOBAL SOFC MARKET BY PRODUCT
TABLE 16 GLOBAL SOFC MARKET BY PRODUCT, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 11 GLOBAL SOFC MARKET SHARE BY PRODUCT, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, 2015 (%)
TABLE 17 GLOBAL SOFC MARKET BY PRODUCT, OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 18 GLOBAL SOFC MARKET BY PRODUCT, PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 6 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS
COMPETITION
CONVENTIONAL TURBINE-BASED POWER GENERATION
INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
ULTRACAPACITORS
OTHER FUEL CELLS
TABLE 19 LIST OF COMPETING FUEL CELLS
Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells
Alkaline Fuel Cells
Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells
Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells
Formic Acid-Reforming Fuel Cell
BATTERIES
TABLE 20 LIST OF BATTERIES THAT COULD COMPETE WITH SOFCS
Lead-Acid Batteries
Nickel-Metal Hydride Batteries
Lithium-Ion and Lithium-Ion Polymer Batteries
Metal-Air Batteries
Nickel-Hydrogen Secondary Batteries
Sodium-Sulfur Batteries
Redox and Flow Batteries
Nickel-Iron Batteries
Nickel-Zinc Batteries
INDUSTRY LEADERS
TABLE 21 LIST OF SOFC COMPANIES AND CURRENT STATUS
TABLE 22 SOFC COMPANY SHIPMENT STATUS
MARKET TIERS
LEADING CHP SOFC COMPANIES
TABLE 23 LEADING SOFC CHP COMPANIES
LEADING SOFC GENERATOR, REMOTE AND APU COMPANIES
TABLE 24 LEADING SOFC GENERATOR, REMOTE AND APU COMPANIES
LEADING MILITARY SOFC COMPANIES
TABLE 25 LEADING MILITARY SOFC COMPANIES
LEADING PORTABLE SOFC COMPANIES
TABLE 26 LEADING PORTABLE SOFC COMPANIES
LEADING EXOTIC SOFC COMPANIES
TABLE 27 LEADING EXOTIC SOFC COMPANIES
SOFC COMPANIES THAT ARE NO LONGER ACTIVE
TABLE 28 SOFC COMPANIES NO LONGER ACTIVE
CHANNELS OF DISTRIBUTION
TABLE 29 SOFC DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS
PURCHASING INFLUENCES
PRICE INFLUENCE
TABLE 30 SOFC PURCHASING INFLUENCES
PRICE TRENDS
FIGURE 12 DRIVING DOWN COSTS FOR FUEL CELLS (ORDER OF MAGNITUDE COST REDUCTION)
EARLY SOFC RESEARCH
MANUFACTURING PROCESS
FIGURE 13 SOFC MANUFACTURING TREE
FIGURE 14 SOFC MANUFACTURING FLOW
SOFC PATENT ANALYSIS
TABLE 31 REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE OF RECENT U.S. SOFC PATENTS
TABLE 32 CIRCA 2015 U.S. SOFC PATENT ASSIGNEES
TABLE 33 CIRCA 2013 U.S. SOFC PATENT ASSIGNEES
CHAPTER 7 COMPANY PROFILES
ACUMENTRICS HOLDING CORP.
ADELAN UK LTD.
ACCURON TECHNOLOGIES (ADVANCED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES)
ADVANCED MEASUREMENTS INC.
ALPPS FUEL CELL SYSTEMS
ALSTOM TECHNOLOGY INC.
ALTAIR NANOTECHNOLOGIES INC.
AMERICAN ELEMENTS
BLASCH PRECISION CERAMICS
BLOOM ENERGY
BTU INTERNATIONAL INC.
CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY (CALTECH)
CERAMATEC INC
CERAMIC FUEL CELLS LTD.
CERES POWER HOLDINGS
CHAO ZHOU THREE-CIRCLE (GROUP) CO. LTD.
CHUBU ELECTRIC POWER COMPANY INC.
CMR PROTOTECH
CONVION OY
TABLE 34 CONVION SOFC TECHNOLOGY GOALS
CUMMINS POWER GENERATION INC.
DANA HOLDING CORP.
DELPHI CORP.
DOMINOVAS ENERGY CORP.
DOOSAN FUEL CELL AMERICA
EZELLERON INC.
EBZ ENTWICKLUNGS
ELCOGEN AS
EMPRISE CORP.
ENERGIENED
ENRG INC.
FCO POWER INC.
FEV MOTORENTECHNIK GMBH
FIDERIS
TABLE 35 TYPICAL TURN - KEY SOFC FUEL CELL TEST SYSTEMS UTILIZING THE FIDERIS INNOVATOR SERIES MODULES
FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JÜLICH
FUELCELL ENERGY INC.
GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
GEORGE WESTINGHOUSE RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY PARK
H2E POWER SYSTEMS INC.
HALDOR TOPSOE A/S
HC STARCK GMBH
FIGURE 15 AMPERIT AND AMPERGY POWDERS FOR SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS
HEXIS LTD.
TABLE 36 HEXIS GALILEO FUEL CELL SYSTEM
HOSOKAWA POWDER TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
ITN ENERGY SYSTEMS INC.
K-STYLE ADVANCED CERAMICS CO. LTD.
KANSAI ELECTRIC POWER CO. INC.
KERAFOL (INELTRO HALMER ELECTRONICS GMBH)
LG FUEL CELL SYSTEMS INC. (ROLLS-ROYCE FUEL CELL SYSTEMS LTD., STARK COLLEGE)
LILLIPUTIAN SYSTEMS
LITHUANIAN ENERGY INSTITUTE
LOGANENERGY CORP.
MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY
MATERIALS & SYSTEMS RESEARCH INC.
MEIDENSHA CORP.
MERIDIAN ENERGY LTD.
MERLONI TERMOSANITARI SPA (ARISTON THERMO GROUP)
NATIONAL FUEL CELL RESEARCH CENTER
NEXCERIS, LLC (NEXTECH MATERIALS LTD.)
FUELCELLMATERIALS.COM DIVISION
NGIMAT CO.
NGK INSULATORS LTD.
NIPPON SHOKUBAI CO. LTD.
NIPPON TELEGRAPH & TELEPHONE CORP.
NOAH TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
PLANSEE SE
POSCO
POINT SOURCE POWER INC.
PRECISION FLOW TECHNOLOGIES
PRESIDIO COMPONENTS INC.
PROTONEX (BALLARD)
MESOSCOPIC DEVICES SUBSIDIARY
RAGAN TECHNOLOGIES INC.
REDOX POWER SYSTEMS
RISODTU NATIONAL LABORATORY
SAFCELL
SAINT-GOBAIN
SANDVIK
SIENERGY SYSTEMS (ALLIED MINDS)
SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL RESEARCH GROUP
SOLIDPOWER
STANFORD MATERIALS CORP.
SUMITOMO CORP.
SUNFIRE GMBH
TABLE 37 MK200 SOFC TECHNICAL DATA
TERMINUS ENERGY INC.
TOKYO GAS CO. LTD.
TOSOH CORP. CERAMICS DIVISION
TOTO LTD.
FIGURE 16 TOTO FUEL CELL DESIGN
TOYOTA (AISIN)
TABLE 38 TOYOTA POWER GENERATING UNIT SPECIFICATIONS
ULTRA ELECTRONICS AMI
UNIVERSITY OF DAYTON RESEARCH INSTITUTE
VAILLANT GMBH
VIOLET FUEL CELL STICKS
WATT FUEL CELL CORP.
ZIRCAR ZIRCONIA INC.
ZTEK CORP.
CHAPTER 8 U.S. PATENTS THAT MENTION SOFCS
TABLE 39 U.S. SOFC PATENTS

Download our eBook: How to Succeed Using Market Research

Learn how to effectively navigate the market research process to help guide your organization on the journey to success.

Download eBook

Share this report