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Flame Retardant Chemicals: Technologies and Global Markets

Flame Retardant Chemicals: Technologies and Global Markets

The global consumption of flame retardant chemicals reached nearly 3.9 billion pounds and nearly 4.2 billion pounds in 2013 and 2014, respectively. Consumption is expected to reach a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.7%, increasing to a total of 5.7 billion pounds in 2019.

Related Conference: The 26th Annual Conference: Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, May 17-20, 2015. Read more

This report provides:

An overview of the global market for flame-retardant chemicals, with coverage of plastics, textiles, wood/paper, coatings/paper, coatings/construction, and coatings/decorations market applications.

Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2013 and 2014 and projections of CAGRs through 2019.

Reviews of government regulations and their impact on the market, as they obligate manufacturers to add flame-retardant chemicals to a wide range of products used every day.

Discussion of industry structure, including major suppliers.

Evaluations of chemicals by retardant mechanism, by chemical type, and by end-use application.

Analysis of the market's dynamics, specifically growth drivers, inhibitors, and opportunities.


SCOPE OF REPORT

This study is an in-depth evaluation of flame retardant chemicals by type and by end-use application. Because electronics are so widely used in the world today and they are housed most often in plastics, this application will be emphasized. Brief historical data along with current market data will be provided. This data will be interpreted and extrapolated against the expected future demand based upon impending regulations and projected demand of end-use products to estimate the five-year forecast. The forecast will cover worldwide demand and be broken down by chemical type and application.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
INTENDED AUDIENCE
SCOPE OF REPORT
METHODOLOGY
BCC RESEARCH
INFORMATION SOURCES
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS)
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS, 2012-2019 (MILLION POUNDS)
CHAPTER 3 INDUSTRY OVERVIEW
IMPORTANCE OF THE INDUSTRY
FLAME RETARDANCY BASICS
TERMINOLOGY
MECHANISMS OF BURNING
TABLE 1 ADDITIVES/MODIFIERS FOR CONTROLLING BURNING
FLAME RETARDANT CONCEPTS
PHYSICAL DILUTION
CHEMICAL INTERFERENCES
INERT GAS DILUTION
THERMAL QUENCHING
PROTECTIVE COATINGS
GENERALLY ACCEPTED MECHANISMS OF FLAME RETARDANT CONTROL
TABLE 2 FLAME RETARDANTS AND GENERALLY ACCEPTED MECHANISMS OF CONTROL
TYPES OF FLAME RETARDANTS
ADDITIVE FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 3 ADDITIVES/MODIFIERS FOR CONTROL OF BURNING
REACTIVE FLAME RETARDANTS
SYNERGISTIC FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 4 REPRESENTATIVE SYNERGISTIC FLAME RETARDANT COMBINATIONS (%)
DIVERSITY OF FLAME-RETARDED PRODUCTS
TABLE 5 FLAME RETARDANTS AND PRODUCTS WHERE THEY ARE
COMMONLY USED
COMBINED CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
TABLE 6 COMMON CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM FOR FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS
TABLE 7 LEADING CAUSES OF U.S. RESIDENTIAL FIRES (%)
TESTING
TESTING GOALS
TABLE 8 GOALS OF SIMULATED FIRE CONDITIONS TESTS
TYPES OF TESTING
Small-Scale Testing
Limiting Oxygen Index (LOI)
TABLE 9 OXYGEN INDICES OF SOME COMMON MATERIALS
Cone Calorimeter
TABLE 10 CONE CALORIMETRY PARAMETERS AND VALUES
Medium-Scale Testing
Large-Scale Testing
UL-94
TABLE 11 UL-94 BURN TEST RATINGS
Additional Tests
INDUSTRY ENVIRONMENT
THE NEGATIVE VIEW OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
U.S. REGULATIONS RESTRICTING USE OF CERTAIN FLAME RETARDANTS
EPA REGULATIONS
TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (TSCA)
U.S. LAWS
STATE LAWS
TABLE 12 PROPOSED FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BEING
LIMITED/PROHIBITED FROM CHILDREN'S PRODUCTS
EUROPEAN RESTRICTIONS ON FLAME RETARDANTS
WEEE AND ROHS
REACH
SIGNIFICANT ORGANIZATIONS REGULATING FIRE CONTROL
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY (NIST)
INTERNATIONAL CODE COUNCIL (ICC) AND THE INTERNATIONAL BUILDING
CODE (IBC)
U.S. FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS
UPHOLSTERY REGULATION
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (NIOSH)
AND OSHA
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (OSHA)
OSHA Standards
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.132
OSHA CFR 29 1910.269- Protection from Flames and Electric Arcs
ROLE OF NON-FEDERAL AGENCIES
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
TABLE 13 NFPA GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS
TABLE 14 AGENCIES INVOLVED IN ESTABLISHING FLAME RETARDANT
AND PROTECTIVE STANDARDS
ASTM International
ASTM Standards
TABLE 15 ASTM STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO THE FLAME
RETARDANT INDUSTRY
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
OTHER ORGANIZATIONS OF INTEREST
American Chemistry Council
European Flame Retardants Association (EFRA)
Fire Safety Platform Secretariat
Groupement Technique Francais Contre L'Incendie
National Association of State Fire Marshals
INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS ON USE OF FLAME RETARDANTS
ASIAN REGULATIONS
The Japanese Chemical Substances Control Law (CSCL)
Chinese Flame Retardant Society
SPECIFIC EUROPEAN REGULATIONS
European Committee for Standardization
ISO TC61 Committee Standards
The Department for Business, Innovation & Skills (BIS)
The British Standards Institution (BSI)
Voluntary Emissions Control Action Programme (VECAP)
STRATEGIES AND OPPORTUNITIES
DRIVING FORCES
TABLE 16 MARKET SHARE BY INDUSTRY, 2012 (%, BASED ON $)
FIGURE 1 MARKET SHARE BY INDUSTRY, 2012 (%, BASED ON $)
CHAPTER 4 FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
CHEMICALS THAT ARE FLAME RETARDANT
TABLE 17 CHEMICALS COMMONLY USED AS FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 18 SIGNIFICANT FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY CHEMICAL, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 2 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE
BAUXITE/ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE SOURCES
TABLE 20 BAUXITE/ALUMINUM RESOURCES WORLDWIDE (%)
TABLE 21 WORLD BAUXITE MINE PRODUCTION AND RESERVES, 2012-2014 (THOUSAND METRIC DRY TONS)
ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE GRADES
CONSUMPTION OF ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE AS A FLAME RETARDANT
TABLE 22 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
PRICES OF ATH
TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
ANTIMONY OXIDE
FIGURE 3 REACTIONS OF ANTIMONY TRIOXIDE WITH HALOGENS PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF ANTIMONY OXIDE
TABLE 24 WORLD ANTIMONY OXIDE MINE PRODUCTION AND RESERVES, 2012-2014
TABLE 25 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ANTIMONY OXIDE, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ANTIMONY OXIDE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ANTIMONY OXIDE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
BROMINE-BASED COMPOUNDS
TABLE 28 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS IN ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS, 2014 (%)
TYPES OF BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 29 TYPES OF AROMATIC BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT COMPOUNDS
TABLE 30 SIGNIFICANT AROMATIC BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT COMPOUNDS
TABLE 31 SIGNIFICANT TYPES OF ALIPHATIC BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT COMPOUNDS
CONSUMPTION OF BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 33 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 34 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT BROMINE-BASED CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT BROMINE-BASED CHEMICALS BY END USE, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 35 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT BROMINE-BASED CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2019 (MILLIONS POUNDS)
CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT COMPOUNDS
CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT PROPERTIES
SOURCES OF CHLORINE
CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT TYPES
DECHLORANE PLUS
CONSUMPTION OF CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 36 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS)
MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE
MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE PROPERTIES
SOURCES OF MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE
MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE GRADES
CONSUMPTION OF MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE AS A FLAME RETARDANT
TABLE 37 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
MELAMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS
MELAMINE HOMOLOGUES
TABLE 38 COMMON MELAMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
TABLE 39 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MELAMINE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MELAMINE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
PHOSPHORUS-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS
PHOSPHATES
PHOSPHONATES AND PHOSPHINATES
RED PHOSPHORUS
AMMONIUM POLYPHOSPHATE
CONSUMPTION OF PHOSPHOROUS-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 40 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHOSPHORUS-BASED FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
OTHER FLAME RETARDANTS
BORON-BASED FIRE RETARDANTS
Boron Sources
MOLYBDENUM-BASED FIRE RETARDANTS
Molybdenum Properties
Molybdate Smoke Suppression
Molybdenum Sources
NANOCOMPOSITE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
Nanocomposites in Packaging
Nanocomposites in Foams
IN SITU POLYMERIZATION
GRAPHITE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
DUST-FREE SUSTAINABLE POLYMERIC FLAME RETARDANT SYSTEMS
GLOBAL MARKET FOR OTHER FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
TABLE 41 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OTHER FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 6 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OTHER FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
PRODUCTS THAT ARE SMOKE AND FLAME RETARDED
TABLE 42 MAJOR MARKETS USING FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY APPLICATION, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
PLASTICS
TABLE 44 WORLDWIDE PLASTICS PRODUCTION ESTIMATE, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 45 FLAME RETARDANTS IN PLASTICS, 2019 (% OF TOTAL MILLION POUNDS)
FLAME RETARDANT METHODS USED FOR PLASTICS
TABLE 46 METHODS OF FLAME-RETARDING POLYMERS
TABLE 47 CRITERIA FOR SELECTING FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
TABLE 48 TYPES OF PLASTICS THAT USE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
FORECAST FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN PLASTICS
CONSUMPTION
TABLE 49 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN PLASTICS BY CHEMICAL, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
AVAILABLE PLASTICS STATISTICS
TABLE 50 PLASTIC PRODUCTION BY MARKET SECTOR, 2014 AND 2019 (% OF MILLION POUNDS)
ACRYLICS
EPOXY RESINS
NYLONS
Other Chemicals in Nylons
PHENOLICS
POLYCARBONATES
POLYESTERS
POLYETHYLENES/POLYPROPYLENES
POLYURETHANE
POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC)
STYRENES
TEXTILES
TEXTILE CLASSIFICATIONS
Non-Durable
Semi-Durable
Durable
Nomex
TYPES OF TEXTILES
Natural Fibers
Synthetic Fabrics
Blended Fabrics
GLOBAL MARKET SIZE OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN TEXTILES
TABLE 51 TEXTILE-RELATED INDUSTRIES AND THEIR GROWTH RATES (%)
TABLE 52 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN TEXTILES BY CHEMICAL, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 53 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANTS USED IN TEXTILES BY TYPE OF CHEMICAL, 2019 (%)
WOOD/PAPER
GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN WOOD/PAPER
TABLE 54 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN WOOD/PAPER BY CHEMICAL, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 55 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN WOOD/PAPER BY CHEMICAL, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS)
COATINGS/PAINTS
GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN COATINGS/PAINTS
TABLE 56 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN PAINTS/COATINGS BY CHEMICAL, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
COATINGS/CONSTRUCTION
GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN COATINGS/CONSTRUCTION
TABLE 57 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN COATINGS/CONSTRUCTION BY CHEMICAL, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 58 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN COATINGS/CONSTRUCTION BY REGION, 2019 (%)
COATINGS/DECORATIONS
VALUE OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN COATINGS/DECORATIONS
TABLE 59 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN COATINGS/DECORATIONS BY CHEMICAL, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 60 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN COATINGS/DECORATIONS BY CHEMICAL, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS)
TECHNOLOGY
DOW POLYFR
CHEMTURA
ALBEMARLE
ICL
FIRE-RETARDANT GELS
CARBON NANOTUBES (CNTS)
NANOCOATING COMPRISED OF POSITIVELY CHARGED CHITOSAN (CH) AND ANIONIC POLY (VINYL SULFONIC ACID SODIUM SALT)
CLAY, CRAB SHELLS AND DNA BASED "GREEN" FIRE RETARDANTS
BIO-INSPIRED COATINGS ON FLEXIBLE POLYURETHANE FOAM
OCEAN BACTERIA PRODUCE FLAME RETARDANTS
INDIA GOVERNMENT ADDING FLAME RETARDANTS TO MILITARY
UNIFORMS
BASF NEW ULTRAMID A3U42G6 HALOGEN FREE FLAME RETARDANT
SONY LAUNCHES EXTERNAL SALES OF SORPLAS FLAME-RETARDANT
RECYCLED PLASTIC MATERIAL
RESEARCHERS CREATE DAIRY-BASED FLAME RETARDANT
PATENT ACTIVITY
TABLE 61 LIST OF APPLICABLE PATENTS
CHAPTER 5 LEADING COMPANIES IN FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
ALBEMARLE CORP.
TABLE 62 ALBEMARLE'S MAJOR FLAME RETARDANT PRODUCT LINES
TABLE 63 ALBEMARLE CORP. KEY EXECUTIVES
CHEMTURA CORP.
GREAT LAKES SOLUTIONS (PART OF CHEMTURA)
TABLE 64 SELECT FLAME RETARDANT PRODUCT LINES FROM GREAT
LAKES SOLUTIONS (A CHEMTURA COMPANY)
ISRAEL CHEMICALS LTD.
ISRAEL CHEMICALS LTD. PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS LP
AKZO NOBEL N.V.
International Protective Coatings Corp.
ALMATIS GMBH (PART OF ALMATIS HOLDINGS GMBH)
AMCOL INTERNATIONAL CORP.
AMPACET CORP.
AMSPEC CHEMICAL CORP.
ARKEMA SA
Arkema USA (part of Arkema SA)
BARRICADE INTERNATIONAL INC.
BASF SE
BAYER AG
CIBA (PART OF BASF CORP.)
CLARIANT AG
Clariant Specialty Chemicals
DAIHACHI CHEMICAL INDUSTRY CO. LTD.
DOVER CHEMICAL CORP.
FREEPORT-MCMORAN COPPER AND GOLD INC.
Climax Molybdenum Co. (Part of Freeport McMoRan Copper and Gold)
ICC INDUSTRIES INC.
INTERPLASTIC CORP.
J.M. HUBER CORP.
Huber Engineered Materials (Part of J.M. Huber Corp.)
KYOWA CHEMICAL INDUSTRY CO. LTD.
LANXESS
LHOIST SA
Franklin Industrial Minerals (Part of Lhoist SA)
MARTIN MARIETTA MATERIALS INC.
Martin Marietta Magnesia Specialties Llc. (Part of Martin Marietta Materials Inc.)
NYACOL NANO TECHNOLOGIES INC.
OCCIDENTAL CHEMICAL CORP.
RIO TINTO ALCAN CANADA LTD.
R.J. MARSHALL CO.
ROCKWOOD CLAY ADDITIVES LTD./SOUTHERN CLAY PRODUCTS
SHERWIN-WILLIAMS CO.
SOLVAY RHODIA
SUPRESTA LLC
TOR MINERALS INTERNATIONAL INC.
TOSOH CORP.
Tosoh USA Inc. (Part of Tosoh Corp.)
U.S. ANTIMONY SALES CORP.
U.S. BORAX INC.
VELSICOL CHEMICAL LLC
MISCELLANEOUS FLAME RETARDANT COMPANIES
APEXICAL INC.
CHINA NATIONAL CHEMICAL CONSTRUCTION
CYTEC INDUSTRIES INC.
DAIHACHI CHEMICAL INDUSTRY
DOW CHEMICAL CO.
DUPONT
ITALMATCH CHEMICALS SPA
NABALTEC
NIHON SEIKO LTD.
SAKAMOTO YAKUHIN KOGYO CO. LTD.
SPARTAN FLAME RETARDANTS
TATEHO CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES CO. LTD., A SUBSIDIARY OF AIR WATER
WORKS
OTHER ORGANIZATIONS
AZONETWORK UK LTD.
BUREAU OF ELECTRONIC AND APPLIANCE REPAIR, HOME FURNISHINGS
AND THERMAL INSULATION
CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION
FLAME RETARDANTS-ONLINE
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF FIRE AND RESCUE SERVICES
JAPAN FIRE RETARDANT ASSOCIATION (JFRA)
CHAPTER 6 APPENDIX
TABLE 65 WORLDWIDE BAUXITE MINE PRODUCTION AND RESERVES (THOUSAND METRIC DRY TONS)

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