Companies in this industry provide access to the Internet via wired or wireless connections. Major companies include AT&T, Comcast, and Verizon (all based in the US), as well as Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (Japan), Telecom Italia (Italy), and Telefónica (Spain).
About 2 billion people use the Internet worldwide; countries with the most Internet users include China, the US, India, and Japan. The Asia/Pacific region leads the world in broadband deployment, followed by North America and Western Europe.
Internet access operations of telecommunications carriers are included in the industry, as are resellers of Internet access over telecommunications networks. Telecommunications companies themselves are covered in separate industry profiles. Internet publishers, broadcasters, and search portals also are covered in a separate industry profile, as are Internet-based retailers.
Demand is driven by consumer and business requirements for information. The profitability of individual companies depends on efficient operations and good marketing. Big ISPs have economies of scale in operations, purchasing, and marketing. Small companies can compete successfully by operating in underserved markets or excelling in customer service.
PRODUCTS, OPERATIONS & TECHNOLOGY
Major products are Internet access, website design and hosting, and technical support services. Internet access allows individuals or companies to connect to the Internet over ordinary and special telephone lines, cable, or wireless connections (including satellite). Website hosting allows users to have an address on the Internet (a website) by maintaining files on a specialized computer called a server, while website design...