PreK-12 Policy & Budget Outlook, 2020-2021

PreK-12 Policy & Budget Outlook, 2020-2021

PreK-12 Policy & Budget Outlook, 2020-2021 covers elementary and secondary education funding and policy at the federal and state levels. The report provides information about education plans put forward by President Donald Trump and other 2020 presidential candidates, details the ongoing impact of the Every Student Succeeds Act and highlights state-level activities that vendors of school resources and services can use to inform their product planning.


The report examines the direction states and the federal government were heading before the COVID-19 outbreak in terms of education policy and spending on school and serves as a framework that the states and federal government hope to work through during the crisis and afterwards in the recovery. 
Included in the report is a look at digital initiatives that already were under way that now can be helpful as districts increase remote learning during the COVID-19 crisis.


  • Introduction
  • Education Funding History
  • Education and the 2020 Election
    • Meanwhile, the ESSA Era Advances
      • Flexibility Options Continue
  • Federal Funding Rises
    • Table Education Department Appropriations, FY2018-FY2020 (selected K-12, $ in millions)
  • Title I's 50 Largest Allocations
    • Table 50 Largest Title I Allocations to LEAs, FY2018 ($ in thousands)
  • Federal Fiscal 2021 Funding TBD
    • What ESED Block Grants Would Consolidate
    • Some Separate Budget Lines
    • Career and Technical Education
  • E-Rate Supports Classroom Connectivity
    • Table Impact of E-Rate, 2019
    • E-Rate Rules Updated
    • Impact of E-Rate for Schools and Students
  • Trends Winning Federal & State Support
    • Promoting the Switch to Digital
      • Table States with Digital Learning Plans
      • Table Defining Digital Resources
    • Struggle for Literacy Gains Continues
    • Rising Interest in Computer Science
      • States Address Computer Science
      • New York City has Local Initiative
    • Social and Emotional Learning Rises
    • Career and Technical Education Booms
    • Cybersecurity and Student Data Privacy
  • State Education Funding Overview
    • Table Per Pupil Funding by State, FY 2017
    • Factors Impacting State Education Funding
    • Inequities in District-Level Funding
      • Table 20 Largest School Districts & Per-Pupil Spending, FY2017
  • Fiscal 2020 Budgets Support K-12
    • Table Select States with Approved FY2020 K-12 Funding Increases in Budget
  • Common Aims in Fiscal 2021 Budgets V.1
    • California
    • Florida
    • New York
    • Illinois
    • Pennsylvania
    • Georgia
    • Michigan

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