Smart Transport Systems or Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) encompass a range of wireless and wired communications-based information technologies that can be integrated into transportation infrastructure and in vehicles.
Current intelligent transport systems technologies use dedicated short-range communications to transfer data over short distances between in-vehicle mobile radio units and roadside units, ie fixed point-to-point services. Arrangements to facilitate the use of intelligent transport systems have been developed internationally in the 5850-5925MHz band (the 5.9GHz band).
In 2013 there are many exciting ITS projects taking place around the world and Electric Vehicles, or Smart Cars, have become a reality with hundreds of thousands in operation. Recharging solutions are now under the spotlight, with developers attempting to find ways to power the cars based wireless and grid technology. Currently the infrastructure to facilitate this development is not in place. There are very few charging stations, and the electricity grids are incapable of handling any volume of smart cars. More coordinated smart infrastructure policies are required in order to move forward.
This report provides an overview and examples of developments occurring in Intelligent/Smart Transport systems including Electric Vehicles, Vehicle to Grid and Dedicated Short-Range Communications.
In 2013, an important project is underway in China where the city of Hangzhou has made an agreement with Kandi Technologies to distribute 20,000 leased EVs throughout the city in order to test V2G technology; Australia provides good examples of ITS applications and the country introduced its first ITS system in the early 1970s.