Lao PDR Freight & Logistics Market Study - Market Trends, Analysis & Forecasts to 2023
The Laos freight & logistics market is expected to reach a market value of USD 695 million by 2023. Laos registered trucks have virtually unlimited access to Vietnamese production plants and ports in central Vietnam for very basic transport services using draw-bar rigid and trailer outfits, which carry 35 to 40 metric ton per vehicle. Despite this, the equipment is expected to operate at its maximum capacity. Wear and tear on the trucks is heavy, hence, many operators do not want to enter this business. However, the operators report strong demand (For example, one operator who started in 2007 with 15 second-hand trucks, now has a fleet of 200 vehicles (mainly purchased, new vehicles) and moves cargo in excess of 500,000 metric ton per year). The main constraint on the expansion for such operators is their ability to find qualified drivers capable of operating heavy trucks, as well as qualified mechanics to maintain those trucks.
Insights on Freight Forwarding
Lao PDR has a small freight forwarding industry. The national association has around 24 members, including international companies. Most firms provide both clearing and forwarding services. Lao International Freight Forwarders Association (LIFFA) and Lao National Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LNCCI) are the major associations in the country responsible for the growth of the logistics and trade freight industry. The key responsibilities of these associations are – to negotiate the traffic rights in road transport, simplify the border procedure to facilitate trade flow, and develop the multimodal transportation system in the country. As a non-coastal country, the country has to work with the neighboring countries, to access seaport gateways for its overseas trade. Regional connectivity with greater Mekong sub-region and ASEAN has a significant influence on the country’s trade. Presently, due to the lack of interest shown by the global players in the Lao PDR market, the domestic logistics service providers are more active in the country. Low trade volume and local ownership in the Foreign Direct Investments (FDIs) are expected to be the key reasons behind the lack of interest. However, China has been a significant player in the Laotian economy, by making significant investments and working toward capitalizing its connections with the GMS and ASEAN countries.
Insights on Warehousing
In terms of time and reliability, the trade corridors linking Lao PDR with Thai seaports and airports perform well. Transit times between Laem Chabang and Vientiane, Savannakhet, and Pakse are predictable, and trucks can complete one-way trip in a day (travel time is typically 12 hours). Typical clearance times at the border are less than one hour for exports and about two hours for imports. The only significant delays occur when vehicles arrive after the border crossing points are closed. As result, the greatest concern is cost. In this regard, informal payments, while prevalent, do not appear to be the significant component of the cost of transport. The cost for road transport is higher in Laos than in Thailand, but the premium is due primarily to the small volume of traffic and the imbalances between export and import traffic volumes. The infrastructure along the three corridors is well-developed, including the port of Laem Chabang, the ICD at Lat Krabang, the highways providing access to Lao PDR, and the border crossing facilities at Vientiane and Savannakhet. Various other key linkages also exist with Myanmar, China, Cambodia, and Vietnam.
Key Developments in the Market
2017: The Chinese investors had invested about USD 5.5 billion to develop a railway line to connect China with Laos. This railway line starts from the Mohan-Moten border area between the two countries, covering over 400 km to Lao capital Vientiane. Over 60% of the route required bridges and tunnels.
Major Players: DB Schenker, DHL, Yusen Logistics, Kerry Logistics, Lao Freight Forwarder Group, Logitem, DKSH, and Ceva amongst others.
Reasons to Purchase the Report
Current and future of Laos freight & logistics market outlook
Analyzing various perspectives of the market with the help of Material Flow & Trade analysis
Identifying the segment that is expected to dominate the market
End-use Industries that are expected to witness the fastest growth during the forecast period
Identify the latest developments, market shares, and strategies employed by the major market players
Market size estimation and forecasts included – by segment level, such as mode of transport, logistics function, end -user industry, etc.
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