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Prospects for the Textile and Clothing Industry in Mexico

Prospects for the Textile and Clothing Industry in Mexico

Mexico's textile and clothing industry employed almost 415,000 workers in 2013, of whom 74% were in clothing. Furthermore, the industry provides livelihoods for many more people in support activities and a large number of operatives work in clandestine workshops which do not register their employees. However, textile and clothing exports have fallen from their peak and in 2013 they were 43% lower than the figure achieved in 2000 after six years of rapid growth following the implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta). Furthermore, imports exceeded exports by US$2.24 bn in 2013, reflecting the industry's heavy reliance on imported raw materials. The industry also relies heavily on the USA as a market for its exports but it has suffered in the US market as a result of growing competition from China. It has also suffered from Chinese competition in the domestic market. Between 2008 and 2013 Mexican clothing imports from China grew by 559%, and in 2013 alone they were up by 42%. However, the industry can look forward to a bright future. Mexico is forecast to become the largest economy in Central and South America within ten years, and it is clawing back some competitiveness in the USA and seeking to expand its reach in other markets. Also, there is scope for higher sales in the domestic market, given that Mexico has a population of 120.3 mn which is becoming increasingly prosperous and given that high spending younger age groups account for a large proportion of this total.


  • SUMMARY
  • IMPORTANCE OF THE TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY TO THE ECONOMY OF MEXICO
  • DEVELOPMENT OF THE TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY IN MEXICO
    • Capacity expansion and modernisation
    • Fibre consumption
    • Exports
    • Export markets
    • Number of enterprises and employment
    • Foreign direct investment (FDI)
  • MEXICO: GEOGRAPHICAL, POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC PROFILE
    • Geographical profile
    • Political profile
      • Table Mexico: political and economic profile, 2014
    • Economic profile
      • Table Mexico: economic indicators, 2011-13
  • MEXICO: INFRASTRUCTURE
    • Transportation
      • Air
    • Railways
    • Navigable rivers and coastal canals
    • Roads
    • Seaports
    • Telecommunications
  • MEXICO: HUMAN RESOURCES
    • Table Mexico: employment in the textile and clothing industry, 2008-13
  • SIZE AND STRUCTURE OF THE TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY IN MEXICO
    • Geographical location
    • Competitiveness
    • Maquiladora operations
    • Vertical integration
    • Consolidation and concentration
      • Table Mexico: number of enterprises in the clothing industry, 2008-13
      • Table Mexico: breakdown of clothing companies by size and employment, 2013
      • Table Mexico: breakdown of clothing companies by size and employment in the State of Mexico and the Federal District (Mexico City), 2013
    • Geographical concentration
    • Capacity expansion
  • MEXICO: TEXTILE AND CLOTHING PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION
    • Cotton production
    • Fibre consumption
      • Table Mexico: fibre consumption by fibre type, 2007-12 (tons)
    • Clothing
  • MEXICO: TEXTILE AND CLOTHING EXPORTS
    • Table Mexico: textile and clothing exports, 2008-13 (US$ mn)
    • Table Mexico: textile exports by type, 2008-13 (US$ mn)
    • Table Mexico: clothing exports by type, 2008-13 (US$ mn)
    • Table Mexico: textile exports by leading destination, 2008-13 (US$ mn)
    • Table Mexico: clothing exports by leading destination, 2008-13 (US$ mn)
  • MEXICO: TEXTILE AND CLOTHING IMPORTS
    • Table Mexico: textile and clothing imports, 2008-13 (US$ mn)
    • Table Mexico: textile imports by type, 2008-13 (US$ mn)
    • Table Mexico: clothing imports by type, 2008-13 (US$ mn)
    • Table Mexico: textile imports by leading supplier, 2008-13 (US$ mn)
    • Table Mexico: clothing imports by leading supplier, 2008-13 (US$ mn)
  • MEXICO: FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT (FDI) IN THE TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY
    • Table Mexico: foreign direct investment (FDI) in the textile and clothing industry, 2008-13 (US$ mn)
  • TEXTILES AND CLOTHING IN MEXICO: GOVERNMENT POLICIES, INVESTMENT INCENTIVES AND EXPORT INCENTIVES
    • Government policies
    • Financial services
    • Manufacturing
    • Regional and special industry development
    • Investment incentives
    • Export incentives
    • Ministry of Economy export programmes
    • Industrial parks
    • Strategic bonded warehouse regime
    • Import duty drawback
    • Sectorial Relief Programs (SRPs)
    • Financial assistance
  • TEXTILES AND CLOTHING IN MEXICO: STRENGTHS, WEAKNESSES, OPPORTUNITIES AND THREATS
    • Strengths
    • Weaknesses
    • Opportunities
    • Threats

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