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Big Area Additive Manufacturing: Technology Adoption Assessment

Big Area Additive Manufacturing: Technology Adoption Assessment

Additive manufacturing (AM) techniques have become more popular in the recent times due to its ability to enable low cost objects, leading to saving considerable amount of time, labor, and material. The advent of large-scale additive manufacturing techniques, has further led to the development of more advanced technologies such as big area additive manufacturing (BAAM), which has smaller difference compared to traditional 3D printing methods.

Globally, BAAM and other large-format 3D printing technologies are finding increased opportunities. Owing to the huge build volume enabled by BAAM, the technology may have high adoption by 2020. Several OEMs and research universities are buying BAAM machines for deployment in factories which enables them to save significant time and also to drive research and development initiatives.

BAAM largely finds applications in automotive, aerospace, consumer markets and in the building and construction sector. In the construction industry, large-scale additive manufacturing has showcased tremendous benefits. Several companies are constructing houses and bridges using 3D printing technology. However BAAM is in the nascent stage of adoption in the construction sector.

Key research focus areas include adhesives and materials used for BAAM, inkjet printing, high density 3D printing, as well as fused deposition modeling. Eco-friendly methods of using material in large-scale additive manufacturing have been adopted by Chinese firms enabling 3D printing with ink developed from recycled waste, thus ensuring zero waste.

The technology and innovation report “Big Area Additive Manufacturing: Technology Adoption Assessment” covers technology development and adoption scenario driving the future of manufacturing. The report captures topics on technology and application landscape, key stakeholder initiatives, patent publication trends and funding scenario, and growth opportunities for BAAM.


  • Executive Summary
    • Scope of Research
    • Research Methodology
    • Research Methodology Explained
    • Government Funding Efforts Globally Encourage BAAM Adoption
    • Technology Advancements in LSAM and BAAM Encourage Adoption
  • Big Area Additive Manufacturing – Technology Status Assessment
    • Conventional Additive Manufacturing Techniques
    • Large-scale Additive Manufacturing – Technology Status Review
    • Commonly Used AM Techniques in LSAM
    • Big Area Additive Manufacturing – Technology Snapshot
    • Big Area Additive Manufacturing Methodology
    • Benefits of Big Area Additive Manufacturing
    • Conventional AM Processes vs BAAM
    • Application Areas of BAAM and LSAM
    • BAAM in the Building & Construction Industry is at a Very Nascent Stage
  • Impact of Big Area Additive Manufacturing
    • Factors Influencing the Adoption of Big Area Additive Manufacturing
    • BAAM Enables Faster Time-to-market, which is a Key Demand for Industries such as Automotive and Construction
    • Reduced Material Requirement and Large Print Areas are Key Drivers of BAAM Deployment
    • AES Adopts BAAM Machine in Akron Facility
    • SABIC Introduces Thermocorp AM Compounds that Drive Adoption of LFAM
    • KRAKEN Project Effectively Enables Large-scale Additive Manufacturing of Parts up to 20 Meters
    • IACMI Collaborates with ORNL and Local Motors to Develop New Composite Materials
    • Large-scale 3DPrinting by WinSun Enables Construction of Homes
    • Agreement Signed by AECOM with WinSun Drives Adoption of LSAM to Help AECOM Expand its Customer Base
    • Key Partnerships and Initiatives Drive Opportunities for BAAM
    • Large-scale 3D Printing Enables Printing of Spacecraft Replica
  • Research and Development Driving the Adoption of BAAM and Enabling Effective 3D Printing
    • mBAAM 3D Printing Technique Using Physics-based Framework and New Simulation Models Developed by ORNL
    • Large-scale Additive Manufacturing Using FLAM Helps Develop Lightweight Blade
    • Researchers from Russia Explore Possibilities of 3D Printing Twomatrix Composites that Help Reduce Material Content
    • LLNL Researchers Devise a Method to Deploy Carbon Fiber Inks for 3D Printing that Helps Reduce Curing Time
  • Implementation Cases Demonstrating the Adoption of Big Area Additive Manufacturing
    • Local Motors Deploys BAAM to Manufacture Vehicles
    • ORNL Prints Catamaran Boat Hull Directly Using BAAM
    • ORNL Prints Submarine Hull within One Month Using BAAM
    • ORNL in Collaboration with The Boeing has Printed the Largest 3D Object
    • ORNL in Collaboration with Industry Participants and University Researchers has 3D Printed an Excavator
    • ORNL 3D Prints Shelby Cobra in Six Weeks
    • ORNL uses Bertha to 3D Print a Home and a PUV
    • ORNL Prints Wind Turbine Components at MDF within a Year
    • ORNL 3D Prints Isotropic Magnets Using BAAM 200 Times Faster Than Conventional Techniques
    • Houses 3D Printed by WinSun Using Large-scale Additives Manufacturing
  • Stakeholder Ecosystem
    • Stakeholder Initiatives – BAAM and Large-scale Additive Manufacturing Developments from AiTiip, Cincinnati and Apis Cor
    • Stakeholder Initiatives – BAAM and LSAM developments from Thermwood Corporation and BigRep
    • Stakeholder Initiatives – Large-scale Additive Manufacturing Developments from MX3D, D Shape, and DeltaWASP
  • Patent Publication Trends Influencing the Adoption of Big Area Additive Manufacturing
    • The USA Leads Patent Publication Trend for Big Area Additive Manufacturing
    • Patent Filing in Large-scale AM and BAAM Drives Adoption of BAAM
  • Global Funding Scenario
    • Funding Initiatives by the USA Government and Australian Government Drive Adoption of LSAM
    • Global Government Initiatives to Adopt Large-scale 3D Printing
  • Technology Adoption – Roadmap and Market Opportunities
    • Key Attractive Markets – 2020 View
    • BAAM – Technology Adoption Roadmap – Complete Adoption Scenario
  • Growth Opportunities
    • Development of WHAM Opens up Opportunities for the Adoption of Large-format AM Techniques in Newer Application Areas
    • BAAM Helps Increase Strength and Stiffness of Printed Parts and Also Lowers Energy Consumption
    • BAAM's Tooling Applications can become a Game Changer for Manufacturers
  • Industry Contacts
    • Key Industry Contacts

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