Automated Passport Control in North America
This insight focuses on an innovation being implemented at international airports in North America (Canada, Mexico, and the United States) that is designed to expedite the customs clearing process.
The US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency have executed a pre-screening program, which allows Canadian, US, and eligible Visa Waiver Program (VWP) travelers to use a self-service machine to submit their customs declaration form and biographic information.
The new machines, known as Automated Passport Control (APC) kiosks, were developed through a joint initiative between CBP and the Vancouver Airport Authority (YVR). APCs were first introduced in the US at Chicago’s O’Hare Airport in July 2013, but had been in use at several airports in Canada prior to their US debut.
The VWP permits residents of member countries to travel to the US without a visa under the conditions that they stay no more than 90 days and meet all program requirements. The recent attacks in San Bernardino, California has prompted the US government to review the VWP. It is yet unclear whether any changes will be implemented and how they may affect the APC market.
Due to the nature of the system, only international airports will serve as the primary emphasis of this research. However, other border crossing avenues relating to the implementation of APCs have been included.
The market size for this research is based on the value of contracts awarded in 2014 and not actual revenue. Additionally, it should be borne in mind that a majority of the contracts are formed as multi-year agreements and, therefore, the forecast amounts will not coincide with the base year spending estimates. Note: Countries outside of North America are utilizing a more elaborate system, often referred to as Automated Border Control (ABC) gates or e-Gates, equipped with more biometric capabilities that are more expensive and can be used at land border crossings.
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