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Electric Power Transmission, Distribution & Marketing

Electric Power Transmission, Distribution & Marketing

Brief Excerpt from Industry Overview Chapter:

Companies in this industry own and operate high-voltage transmission lines and retail distribution systems, as well as intermediaries like energy dealers and brokers. Major companies include American Electric Power, Duke Energy, and Exelon (all based in the US); State Grid and China Southern Power Grid (both headquartered in China); EON (Germany); SSE (Scotland); TEPCO (Japan); and Federal Grid (Russia).


While deregulation has altered power markets in many nations, electric utilities often continue to operate as unofficial monopolies in a given service territory. Demand for electricity is driven by industrial and commercial activity and by population growth. The profitability of individual companies depends on government regulations and the efficiency of their operations. Large companies have economies of scale in purchasing power; small companies can compete effectively by specializing in geographic regions. The US industry is highly concentrated: the 50 largest companies account for about 80% of revenue.


The primary operations of retail electricity distributors include acquiring wholesale power (often under long-term supply contracts), maintaining and extending a line network, and billing and collections.

Industry Overview
Quarterly Industry Update
Business Challenges
Business Trends
Industry Opportunities
Call Preparation Questions
Financial Information
Industry Forecast
Web Links and Acronyms

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