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Graphene: Technologies, Applications and Markets

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
INTENDED AUDIENCE
SCOPE AND FORMAT
INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER
CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE-BASED PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR GRAPHENE-BASED PRODUCTS, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW
GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF GRAPHENE
DEFINITION
HISTORY
OCCURRENCE AND PRODUCTION
Established Technologies
Scotch Tape Method
Epitaxial Method
Graphite Oxide Reduction Method
Developmental Approaches
Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
Metal-Carbon Melt Method
Pyrolysis of Sodium Ethoxide Method
Production of Graphene from Carbon Nanotubes
Production of Graphene from Table Sugar
Dissolving Graphite in Chlorosulphonic Acid
''Molecular Wedge'' Method
Carbon Dioxide Reduction
Dry Ice-Based Production Processes
Roll-to-Roll Production
TYPES OF GRAPHENE AND THEIR PROPERTIES
TABLE 1 GRAPHENE PROPERTIES
Electronic Properties
Chemical Properties
Thermal Properties
Mechanical Properties
Optical Properties
Other Properties
RELATED SUBSTANCES
Graphite
Graphene Oxide
Carbon Nanotubes
Fullerenes
GRAPHENE APPLICATIONS AND END USES
TABLE 2 POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS AND END USES OF GRAPHENE
TECHNOLOGIES
High-Performance Computing
Data Storage
Communications
Thermal Management
Photovoltaic Cells
Sensors
Terahertz Imaging Equipment
Displays
Capacitors
Structural Materials
Other Applications
MARKET SIZE AND SEGMENTATION
Market Size and Growth Trends
Applications
TABLE 3 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE BY APPLICATIONS THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 1 GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR GRAPHENE BY APPLICATIONS, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 2 POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS AND END USES OF GRAPHENE
TECHNOLOGIES
FIGURE 2 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GRAPHENE BY APPLICATIONS, 2014-2025 (% OF TOTAL MARKET)
CHAPTER 4 RECENT PATENT ACTIVITY
GENERAL TRENDS
TRENDS OVER TIME
FIGURE 3 TREND FOR U.S. GRAPHENE PATENTS ISSUED ANNUALLY, PRE 2005-2015 (NO. OF PATENTS)
TECHNOLOGY TRENDS
FIGURE 4 U.S. PATENTS FOR GRAPHENE-BASIC AND PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES VERSUS TECHNOLOGY IMPLEMENTATIONS, NOVEMBER 10, 2015 (%)
FIGURE 5 U.S. PATENTS FOR GRAPHENE APPLICATIONS BY TYPE, THROUGH NOVEMBER 10, 2015 (NUMBER)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS
FIGURE 6 MAJOR GRAPHENE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS, THROUGH NOVEMBER 10, 2015 (NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS)
TYPES OF ENTITIES
FIGURE 7 U.S. GRAPHENE PATENT HOLDERS/ASSIGNEES BY TYPE OF ENTITY, THROUGH NOVEMBER 10, 2015 (% OF PATENTS ISSUED)
NATIONALITIES
FIGURE 8 U.S. GRAPHENE PATENT AND PATENT APPLICATION HOLDERS BY NATIONALITY, NOVEMBER 10, 2015 (%)
CHAPTER 5 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR COMPUTING APPLICATIONS
SUMMARY
TECHNOLOGIES
TRANSISTORS
Graphene Switches
Quantum Confinement in Graphene Nanoribbons
Field-Induced Modification of Graphene Structure
Ballistic Transistors
Graphene Nanomesh
Graphene-Boron Nitride Nanotube Switch
Graphene Barristor
Flexible Graphene Transistors
Other Types of Graphene Transistor
''Negative Resistance'' Graphene Switches
INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
Graphene Interconnections
Graphene-based Integrated Circuits
Molecular Electronics
PRINTED ELECTRONICS
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKET
TABLE 4 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE COMPUTING TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 9 GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR GRAPHENE COMPUTING TECHNOLOGIES, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
INTERCONNECTS
TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
PRINTED ELECTRONICS
CHAPTER 6 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR DATA STORAGE
APPLICATIONS
SUMMARY
TECHNOLOGIES
GRAPHENE SPIN VALVE
GRAPHENE NANOCABLE MEMORY DEVICE
GRAPHENE NANORIBBON MEMORY
GRAPHENE OXIDE-BASED MEMORY
HYBRID SILICON-GRAPHENE FLASH MEMORY
GRAPHENE-MOLYBDENITE FLASH MEMORY
TRANSPARENT MEMORY
GRAPHENE QUANTUM DOT FLASH MEMORY
GRAPHENE PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY
''DATASTICKIES''
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
HIGH DATA DENSITY
LARGE ON/OFF POWER RATIO
WIDE TEMPERATURE RANGE
RADIATION RESISTANCE
COMMERCIAL STATUS
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
MARKET
TABLE 5 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE MEMORY APPLICATIONS THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)`
CHAPTER 7 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR COMMUNICATIONS
APPLICATIONS
SUMMARY
TECHNOLOGIES
HIGH-SPEED PHOTODETECTORS
AMPLIFIERS
FREQUENCY MULTIPLIERS
FREQUENCY MIXERS
RECEIVERS
ANTENNAS
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKET
TABLE 6 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE COMMUNICATIONS APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 8 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR THERMAL MANAGEMENT
APPLICATIONS
SUMMARY
FIGURE 10 GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR GRAPHENE THERMAL MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
TECHNOLOGIES
GRAPHENE NANOPLATELET THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS
MULTILAYER GRAPHENE HEAT SPREADERS AND HEAT SINKS
COPPER-GRAPHENE COMPOSITE HEAT SPREADER
GRAPHENE-GRAPHITE "QUILTS"
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKET
TABLE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE THERMAL MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
HEAT SPREADERS
THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS
TABLE 8 GLOBAL MARKET FOR THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS (TIMS) CONTAINING GRAPHENE, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 9 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC
APPLICATIONS
SUMMARY
FIGURE 11 GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR GRAPHENE PHOTOVOLTAIC APPLICATIONS, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
TECHNOLOGIES
FLEXIBLE ORGANIC PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS
GRAPHENE OPV WITH IMPROVED GRAPHENE INTERFACE
POLYMER PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS BASED ON SOLUTION-PROCESSABLE GRAPHENE AND POLY(3-HEXYLTHIOPHENE)
DYE-DOPED GRAPHITE/GRAPHENE SOLAR CELL
TITANIUM OXIDE/PEROVSKITE/GRAPHENE SOLAR CELLS
GRAPHENE CATHODE-BASED ZNO NANOWIRE HYBRID SOLAR CELLS
GRAPHENE AND MOLYBDENUM DISULFIDE BASED SOLAR CELLS
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES COMPARED TO OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKET
TABLE 9 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE PHOTOVOLTAIC APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 10 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSOR APPLICATIONS
SUMMARY
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR GRAPHENE-BASED SENSORS, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
TECHNOLOGIES
CHEMICAL AND GAS SENSORS
Electrochemical Sensors
Mass Sensors
Nanopore Sensors
Graphene Foam Sensors
Graphene Flake Sensors
Selective Gas Sensing with Pristine Graphene
RADIATION SENSORS
BIOSENSORS
DNA-Sensitized Graphene Vapor Sensors
IMAGE SENSORS
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKET
TABLE 10 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE SENSING APPLICATIONS THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
IMAGE SENSORS
TABLE 11 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE IMAGE SENSING APPLICATIONS THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
OTHER SENSORS
TABLE 12 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE NON-IMAGE SENSING APPLICATIONS THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 11 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING
APPLICATIONS
SUMMARY
TECHNOLOGIES
GRAPHENE FREQUENCY MULTIPLIERS
GRAPHENE-BASED PLASMON AMPLIFIERS
GRAPHENE HYPERLENS
OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
POTENTIAL THZ IMAGING APPLICATIONS
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKET
TABLE 13 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE-BASED TERAHERTZ (THZ) IMAGING TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 12 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR DISPLAY APPLICATIONS
SUMMARY
TECHNOLOGIES
ROLL-TO-ROLL PRODUCTION
SPRAY COATING
TRANSFER PRINTING
ELECTROPHORETIC DEPOSITION
HYBRID GRAPHENE-CARBON NANOTUBE FILM
OTHER HYBRID GRAPHENE FILMS
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKET
TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR DISPLAY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 13 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR CAPACITIVE
APPLICATIONS
SUMMARY
FIGURE 13 GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR GRAPHENE CAPACITIVE APPLICATIONS, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
TECHNOLOGIES
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKET
TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR CAPACITIVE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 14 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR STRUCTURAL MATERIAL
APPLICATIONS
SUMMARY
FIGURE 14 GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR GRAPHENE-POLYMER COMPOSITES, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
TECHNOLOGIES
GRAPHENE-FILLED POLYMER COMPOSITES
Graphene-Polystyrene Composites
Other Graphene-Polymer Composites
TABLE 16 TYPES AND PROPERTIES OF CARBON NANOTUBE AND FULLERENE COMPOSITES
Shape-Memory Polymers
GRAPHENE MATRIX COMPOSITES
GRAPHENE-CERAMIC MATRIX COMPOSITES
METAL MATRIX COMPOSITES
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKET
TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE-POLYMER COMPOSITES THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 15 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR OTHER APPLICATIONS
AND MARKETS
SUMMARY
TABLE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR OTHER APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
HYDROGEN STORAGE
TECHNOLOGIES
Oxidized Graphene Sheets
Corrugated Graphene
Graphene Oxide-Carbon Nanotube Composite
Other Developments
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKET
TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE-BASED HYDROGEN STORAGE TANKS, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS%)
ANTIBACTERIALS
TECHNOLOGIES
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKET
TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE-BASED ANTIBACTERIAL APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
FUEL CELLS AND BATTERIES
TECHNOLOGIES
Fuel Cells
Reduced Graphene Oxide-Supported Platinum Catalyst
Nitrogen-Doped Graphene Nanoplatelet-Supported Catalyst
Graphene Catalyst
Fuel Cell Membrane
BATTERIES
Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodes
Improved Lithium-Air Battery
Improved Sodium Ion Battery
3D Printed Batteries
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKET
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE APPLICATIONS IN FUEL CELLS AND BATTERIES, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
Fuel Cell Catalyst Support Materials
TABLE 22 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MATERIALS USED IN FUEL CELLS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE CATALYST SUPPORT MATERIALS THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
Battery Electrodes
MRI CONTRAST AGENTS
TABLE 24 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING CONTRAST AGENTS, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
AUDIO SPEAKERS
TECHNOLOGY
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKET
TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE MICRO-SPEAKER DIAPHRAGMS, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
LIQUID AND GAS FILTRATION/SEPARATION
TECHNOLOGY
Nanoporous Membranes
Graphene Oxide Foam
Other Technologies
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKET
TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE FILTRATION AND SEPARATION MEMBRANES, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
WATERPROOFING
TECHNOLOGY
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS
APPLICATIONS AND END USES
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKETS
TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE-BASED WATERPROOF MATERIALS, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
LIGHT EMITTING DIODES
TECHNOLOGY
Energy-Efficient LEDs
Tunable-Color LEDs
Atomic Level LEDs
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS
APPLICATIONS
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKETS
TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE-BASED LED TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
LUBRICANTS
TECHNOLOGY
Solid Lubricants
Liquid Lubricants
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VERSUS ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS
APPLICATIONS
COMMERCIAL STATUS
MARKETS
TABLE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE-BASED LUBRICANT MATERIALS, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 16 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
NUMBER AND SIZE OF COMPANIES
FIGURE 15 GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF COMPANIES WITH
PRODUCTION OR ACTIVE R &D ACTIVITIES IN GRAPHENE (NO. OF COMPANIES)
COMPANY PROFILES
ACS MATERIAL LLC
ADVANCED MICRO DEVICES
AIXTRON S.E.
ALLOTROPICA TECHNOLOGIES
ANGEWANDTE MIKRO- UND OPTOELEKTRONIK GMBH
ANGSTRON MATERIALS INC.
APPLIED GRAPHENE MATERIALS PLC
ASBURY CARBONS
BASF SE
CALIFORNIA LITHIUM BATTERY
CVD EQUIPMENT CORP.
FOCUS GRAPHITE
GENERAL MOTORS CO.
GLOBAL FOUNDRIES INC.
GRAFEN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES
GRAFOID
GRAFTECH INTERNATIONAL LTD.
GRANPH NANOTECH, S.A.
GRAPHENE DEVICES LTD.
GRAPHENE FRONTIERS
GRAPHENE INDUSTRIES LTD.
GRAPHENE LIGHTING PLC
GRAPHENE SQUARE, INC.
GRAPHENE SUPERMARKET
GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES
GRAPHENE WORKS INC.
GRAPHENEA
GRAPHENSIC AB
GRAPHITE ZERO
HAYDALE
HRL LABORATORIES LLC
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORP.
NANOTEK INSTRUMENTS INC.
NINGBO MORSH TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
NORTHERN GRAPHITE CORP.
SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO. LTD.
SINODE SYSTEMS
UNIDYM
VORBECK MATERIALS
XG SCIENCES INC.
XOLVE INC.
ZHONGTUO MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY
ZS GENETICS INC.

Graphene: Technologies, Applications and Markets

BCC Research estimates the global graphene-based products market to be worth $1.5 million in 2015. The market should continue to grow from $310.4 million in 2020 to $2.1 billion by 2025, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 46.3%.

This report provides:
An overview of the global markets for graphene, with specific coverage of graphene technologies and applications
Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2014, estimates for 2015, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2020, and through 2025
Discussion of graphene technologies which are likely to achieve significant commercial sales in the next five to ten years and quantitative estimates of potential sales
Analysis of applications including:
Communications
Data storage
Thermal management
Displays
Solar cells
Sensing and imaging
Capacitors
Structural materials
Miscellaneous other applications
Information specific to graphene technologies, largely nontechnical in nature
A look at the availability of government and corporate research funding for different technologies and applications
Profiles of major players in the industry


SCOPE AND FORMAT

The report addresses emerging global markets for graphene, including the applications listed below:
Computing/data processing.
Data storage.
Communications.
Thermal management.
Displays.
Solar cells.
Sensing and imaging.
Capacitors.
Structural materials.
Miscellaneous other applications.

The study format includes and/or addresses the following major elements:
Executive summary.
Definitions.
General properties of graphene.
Historical milestones in the development of graphene.
Emerging and developmental graphene technologies and applications that have the greatest commercial potential through 2025.
Detailed market estimates and projections for each application and material during the period from 2015 to 2020.
General assessment of expected market trends in the longer term (2020 to 2025).
Companies that are producing or developing commercial graphene applications.
Patent analysis.

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