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“Progress in Small Cells Networking” Markets, Technologies and Applications

“Progress in Small Cells Networking” Markets, Technologies and Applications

This report addresses recent advances in small cells (SCs) and their backhaul solutions. It reflects a trend in the mobile industry to reduce macro base stations deployments and increase a number of small cells. The report presents independent, unbiased analysis in detail and in easily understandable terms. Through vendors’ interviews and the analysis of other multiple data sources, the report provides latest, accurate marketing and technological information.

In particular, the report provides the analysis of small cells technologies, concentrating on their advantages, issues, varieties and specifics. Major applications are analyzed and the standardization activity is emphasized. Based on the in-depth industry analysis, which included the analysis of multiple studies and interviews with vendors, market prognoses (2015-2019) are presented. The survey of more than thirty vendors and their portfolios are also provided.

The report stresses that the SC backhaul solution may prove or brake the small cell business case. Specifics of small cells backhauls, their varieties and differences from macro cells backhauls are analyzed in details. The need for standardization is emphasized. The study of industry trends, interviews with vendors and the analysis of publically available statistical data helped to perform the marketing analysis. The survey of vendors (about 30 manufacturers of small cells backhaul equipment) reflects this industry specifics. There is a range of use cases for open access small cells, from targeted demand hotspots in city centers, through generalized capacity uplift, to serving not-spots in remote rural areas. In each case the emphasis on backhaul requirements shifts, and aspects that are critical to one type of deployment can be relaxed in others. Solutions with different characteristics will address the needs of different types of small cells backhauls in different areas.

Attachments contain the in-depth analysis of two evolving small cell backhaul solutions:
1. Based on 60 GHz technologies. Both Ethernet radio and 802.11ad solutions are addressed. Marketing and technical specifics are described in details. The survey of vendors is also provided.
2. Based on 802.11ac technology. This technology allows gigabits throughput, range and other characteristics that satisfy small cell backhaul requirements. Authors analyzed specifics of 802.11ac technology as they relate to small cell backhaul application; they also analyzed the market and vendors’ portfolios.

The report intends for a wide audience of telecommunications specialists who deal with complicated choices in mobile networking to support business cases.


1.0 Introduction
1.1 General
1.2 Trend – Small Cells Developments
1.3 SC Backhaul
1.4 Scope
1.5 Report Structure
1.6 Research Methodology
1.7 Target Audience
2.0 4G Era
2.1 Growth
2.2 Transition
2.3 Typical Features
2.3.1 Architectures
3.0 Small Cells: Technologies, Markets and Industry
3.1 SC Proliferation
3.2 Nomenclature
3.2.1 Group
3.3 History
3.4 Applications
3.4.1 Indoor Use Cases
3.4.2 Outdoor Use Cases
3.4.3 Public Safety Communications
3.4.4 Summary
3.5 Benefits and Issues
3.6 Small Cell Market
3.6.1 Market Geography
3.6.2 Estimate
3.7 Standardization
3.7.1 3GPP Rel.12 and SCs
3.8 Small Cell Industry
Alcatel-Lucent
AirHop Communications
Airvana
Athena
Broadcom
BTI Wireless
Cavium
Cisco
Contela
Ericsson
Fujitsu
Huawei
ip.access
Intel
Gilat
Juni
Maxim
mimoON
Minieum
Mindspeed
NEC
Nokia Siemens Networks
PureWave
Qualcomm
Qualcomm – Alcatel-Lucent
Quortus
Radisys
Ruckus Wireless
Samsung
Spider Cloud
Tektelic
Ubee-AirWalk
TI
Xilinx
ZTE
4.0 Small Cell Backhaul
4.1 General
4.1.1 Major Classifications
4.2 Specifics
4.2.1 Change
4.2.2 Differences
4.3 Requirements
4.3.1 Factors
4.3.2 Planning
4.4 Details
4.5 Need for Standardization - IEEE Contributions
4.6 Market Characteristics
4.6.1 Components
4.6.2 TCO Factor
4.7 Small Cell Backhaul Industry
Actelis (wireline)
Airspan (integrated wireless backhaul – 802.11ac - NLOS)
Alcatel-Lucent (60 GHz and other)
Aviat (E band)
Bluwan
BLiNQ (sub – 6 GHz)
Cambridge Broadband (Microwave Backhaul)
Cambium
CCS
Ceragon (E-band and other)
DragonWave (microwave)
Exalt
Fastback Networks
Intracom
Genesis (wireline)
LightPointe (60 GHz and Other)
MAX4G
Mimosa (802.11ac MIMO)
NEC (60 GHz)
Polewall (FSO)
Peraso (802.11ad; 60 GHz radio)
Radwin (sub-6 GHz)
Ruckus (802.11n)
Siklu (60 GHz)
Sub10 Systems (60 GHz; E-band)
Tarana (LoS, NLoS 3 GHz)
Taqua (Microwave NLOS)
Tellabs
TI (NLoS)
4.7.1 Summary
5.0 Conclusions
Attachment A: 60 GHz Radio – SC Backhaul
A.1 60 GHz Radio – Point-to-Point Outdoor
A.1.1 Spectrum Specifics
A.1.2 Oxygen Absorption
A.1.3 Antenna Focus
A.1.4 Combined Effects
A.1.5 Availability
A.1.6 Progress in Chip Technology for mmWave
A.1.6.1 Modulation and Duplexing
A.1.6.2 Antenna
A.1.6.2.1 Indoor Behavior
A.1.6.2.2 Outdoor Behavior – FCC Modifications
A.1.7 Summary
A.1.8 60 GHz Radio Developments and Market
A.1.8.1 Synopsis
A.1.8.2 Market Estimate
A.1.8.2.1 General
A.1.8.2.2 Drivers
A.1.8.2.3 Forecast
A.1.9 60 GHz Radio – SC Backhaul Choice
A.1.10 Industry
Athena
BridgeWave
Ceragon
ComoTech
DragonWave
E-Band
HXI (Subsidiary of Renaissance Electronics Corporation)
Infineon
Lightpointe
NEC
Plasma Antennas
Proxim
Silicon Image
Siklu
Solectek
Sub10 Systems
A.2 60 GHz Wi-Fi – 802.11ad
A.2.1 Advanced Wi-Fi: Benefits and Issues
A.2.2 WiGig Alliance
A.2.2.1 Union
A.2.3 IEEE 802.11ad – 60 GHz Wi-Fi
A.2.3.1 Status
A.2.3.2 Coexistence
A.2.3.3 Scope
A.2.3.3.1 Channelization
A.2.3.3.2 PHY
A.2.3.3.3 MAC
A.2.3.3.4 Specifics
A.2.3.3.5 Summary
A.2.3.4 Industry
Beam Networks
InterDigital-BlueWireless
Nitero
Peraso
Tensorcom
Wilocity (acquired by Qualcomm in 2014)
A.2.3.5 Potential Market
A.2.3.5.1 Market Drivers
A.2.3.5.2 Usage Models
A.2.3.5.3 Estimate
Attachment B: Wi-Fi Advances - 802.11ac
B.1 Approval
B.2 General – Improving 802.11n Characteristics
B.3 Major Features
B.4 Major Benefits
B.5 Usage Models
B.6 Projections
B.7 Industry
Airspan Networks
Mimosa
Figures
Figure 1: Projection: Mobile Data Traffic Growth – Globally (Petabytes/Month)
Figure 2: Macro vs Small BS – Shipped (Ratio)
Figure 3: BS Classification
Figure 4: Base Stations Characteristics
Figure 5: Use Cases
Figure 6: Estimate: Global SC Shipments (Mil. Units)
Figure 7: Estimate: Global SC Shipments ($B)
Figure 8: Rel. 12 Enhancements
Figure 9: Scenario 1
Figure 10: Scenario 2
Figure 11: SC Backhaul Illustration
Figure 12: Summary: CS Backhaul Types
Figure 13: Summary: SC Backhaul
Figure 14: Comparison
Figure 15: Non-ideal (a) and Ideal (b) SC Backhaul Characteristics
Figure 16: Technological Changes
Figure 17: Estimate: Global SC Backhaul Market ($B)
Figure 18: PMP (a) and PTP (b) Architectures
Figure 19: 60 GHz Radio Use Cases
Figure 20: Attenuation in 60 GHz Band
Figure 21: Absorption Details
Figure 22: Directivity
Figure 23: Bands Features Comparison
Figure 24: 60 GHz Links Characteristics
Figure 25: 60 GHz Link Characteristics
Figure 26: Estimate: Sales - 60 GHz Radio PtP– SC Backhaul ($B)
Figure 27: 60 GHz SC Backhaul
Figure 28: 802.11ad Major Features
Figure 29: 802.11ad PHY Characteristics
Figure 30: 802.11ad MAC
Figure 31: Summary
Figure 32: 60 GHz Wi-Fi Usage Models
Figure 33: PM: Tri-band Wi-Fi Chipsets Sales – Global (Bil. Units)
Figure 34: PM: Global Sales Tri-band Wi-Fi Chipsets ($B)
Figure 35: Functionalities
Figure 36: Channel Assignment: 802.11ac
Figure 37: Rates: 802.11ac
Figure 38: Channel Size/Rate
Figure 39: Usage Models
Figure 40: 802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping (Mil. Units)
Figure 41: TAM: Global Gigabit Wi-Fi ($B)

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