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Zimbabwe - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses


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Zimbabwe - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Zimbabwe's economy has seen a downturn since the fractious elections of July 2013, resulting in a significant fall in GDP growth. The contribution to GDP from the telecom sector has fallen steadily as a result. Sector revenue has come under pressure from a number of recent regulatory measures and taxes imposed by the cash-strapped government. Nevertheless, the telecom sector shows some promise, particularly from the mobile sector where mobile penetration has increased rapidly, approaching 110% by mid-2016. The three mobile network operators Econet Wireless, NetOne and Telecel Zimbabwe continue to invest in network upgrades to support data services and their fast-expanding m-commerce and m-banking facilities. Telecel was recently acquired by the government from VimpelCom, and the financial demands required for investment has jeopardised resources potentially available to the incumbent telco TelOne, (formerly PTC), which still holds a de-facto monopoly on fixed-line services in the country. Plans to privatise up to 60% of TelOne and NetOne, either through an IPO or a strategic partnership with a foreign investor, remain on hold.

Limitations in international bandwidth for the landlocked country for many years held back development of the internet and broadband sectors, but this has changed since fibre optic links to several submarine cables have been established via neighbouring territories. The expansion of 3G mobile broadband services across the country, and the more recent efforts to provide LTE services, have meant that more than half of the population now has access to the internet. The first commercial LTE services were launched in 2013, while investment in LTE technologies, for which the regulator has assigned spectrum in the 700MHz band, continues.

Key developments:

TelOne planning to deliver FttP to 100,000 premises by 2018; government acquires Telecel, proposes consolidation of its telecom assets and business units; telcos agree to the government's infrastructure sharing policy; VimpelCom sells debt-laden unit Telecel to state-owned ISP Zarnet for $40 million; TelOne providing satellite broadband with Avanti Communications; renegotiated USF contribution hampering the regulators ability to resource $62 million in mobile and broadband projects; Telecel Zimbabwe launches Telecash mobile money service; government increases licensing tax, imposes additional levies and a customs tax on mobile handset sales; report update includes the regulator's market data to June 2016, telcos' operating and financial data for fiscal 2016, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this reports:

TelOne; NetOne; Econet; Telecel; TeleAccess; Afritell; Liquid Telecom; DataOne; Powertel Communications; Telco Internet; Broadlands Networks; Aquiva; Africa Online; ComOne; Ecoweb; iWay Africa (MWEB); Zimbabwe Online (ZOL); Zimbabwe Internet Service Provider Association (ZISPA); Telecontract; Dandemutande (uMax); Aptics.


1. Synopsis
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Historical overview
4.2 Market analysis
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Sector Reform Policy 1996
5.2 Posts and Telecommunications Act 2000
5.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.3.1 SNO licence
5.3.2 Privatisation
5.4 Regulatory authority
5.5 Licence fees
5.6 Tariffs
5.7 Consumer Protection
5.8 Interception of Communications Act
5.9 New nationalisation law 2008
5.10 ICT Strategy 2010
5.11 ICT Strategy 2015
5.12 New draft ICT Bill
5.13 International gateways, interconnection
5.14 Value-added tax (VAT)
5.15 Universal Service Fund (USF)
5.16 Fibre trenching fees
5.17 Satellite access fees
5.18 Subscriber registration
5.19 Infrastructure sharing
5.20 Per-second billing
5.21 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
5.22 Converged Licensing Framework (CLF)
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 TelOne
6.1.1 Fixed-line infrastructure
6.1.2 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
6.1.3 National fibre backbone
6.2 TeleAccess Zimbabwe
6.3 Afritell
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.2 Smart grid infrastructure
7.3 International infrastructure
7.3.1 TelOne
7.3.2 Liquid Telecom (Econet)
7.3.3 Other carriers
8. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Zimbabwe 2016 (e)
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2016 (e)
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2016
Table 4 Internet and broadband statistics 2016 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2016 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 TelOne financial data 2012 - 2015
Table 8 TelOne revenue by type financial data 2014 - 2015
Table 9 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Zimbabwe 1999 - 2009
Table 10 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Zimbabwe 2010 - 2017
Table 11 Fixed-line telephony revenue 2013 - 2016
Table 12 International bandwidth 2000 - 2015
Table 13 International bandwidth by operator Q4 2015
Chart 1 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Zimbabwe 2005 2017

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