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Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts - Estonia

Estonia - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

Network operators providing national LTE coverage

Estonia’s telecom market continues to benefit from a range of regulatory measures which encourage competition, enabling alternative operators to chip away at the fixed-line market share of the incumbent Eesti Telekom. Fixed-line infrastructure has been upgraded and is geared towards offering broadband services and bundled offerings, with ADSL2+ and FttP networks deployed in urban areas and wireless technologies such as WiMAX used to deploy either competing infrastructure or access into rural areas. The government has also promoted a public-private partnership to build a national fibre-based next-generation network providing 100Mb/s to all premises.

The mobile market is among the more mature in Eastern Europe, with mobile penetration particularly high for the region. Services are offered by EMT, Elisa and Tele2 as well as by one MVNO. WCDMA-based (3G) and HSPA networks serve as the basis for the growing mobile broadband sector, supporting a range of mobile content and applications, while an aggressive LTE deployment, already providing national coverage, continues. These developments are expected to underpin future revenue growth in the sector.

Estonia has the highest broadband penetration rate of all the Eastern European countries. Broadband access is available via ADSL2+, FttP, cable, WiFi, WiMAX and mobile networks. The telecoms incumbent Elion is the dominant provider of DSL services, with cable broadband the main competing platform. Widespread broadband usage has underpinned Estonia’s emerging internet economy, with various e-commerce, e-government, e-education and e-health services available and widely used. The cable TV market is well developed and hence cable TV operators have been well-positioned to offer bundled play services. IPTV has been launched by Elion, with considerable success.

Key developments:

EMT reports 50% of new subscribers take up a service based on its LTE network; regulator awards EMT and Elisa spectrum in the 800MHz band; LTE networks providing national coverage; Tele2 buys the telco Televörgu; number portability procedures updated; ICT revenue broaches €3 billion; analogue cable services end; EstWin NGN opens in several counties; Technical Surveillance Authority report for 2013; operator data to Q1 2014; Statistics Estonia data to 2013; regulator’s 2012 market data and annual reports; market developments to May 2014.

Companies and subsidiaries covered in this report include:

Elisa, Elion, Tele2, EMT, Starman, STV, Viasat, Levira, Baltic Broadband.
Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics - 2013 (e)
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2014 (e)
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2014 (e)
    • Table Broadband statistics - 2014 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2014 (e)
    • Table National telecommunications authority
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • ECONOMIC BACKGROUND
    • OVERVIEW OF ESTONIA'S TELECOM MARKET
      • Table Registered telecom operators by sector - 2013
      • Table ICT financial statistics - 2009 - 2013
      • Table Telecoms sector revenue - 2008 - 2014
      • Table Proportion of telecoms revenue by sector - 2011 - 2012
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • BACKGROUND
      • EU Regulatory Framework
      • Revised NFR
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • TELECOMS SECTOR LIBERALISATION IN ESTONIA
      • Privatisation
      • Interconnect
      • Access
        • Table Unbundled Local Loops - 2006 - 2012
      • Carrier Selection and Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
      • Number Portability (NP)
        • Table Fixed number portings - 2008 - 2012
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • OVERVIEW OF OPERATORS
      • Table Fixed-line call traffic - 2012 - 2013
    • EESTI TELEKOM (ELION)
      • Table Eesti Telekom Group - revenue breakdown - 2005 - 2014
      • Table Eesti Telekom subscribers by sector - 2009 - 2014
    • TELE2 EESTI
      • Table Tele2 financial data by sector - 2007 - 2014
      • Table Tele2 financial data - 2007 - 2014
      • Table Tele2 subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2014
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2004
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2005 - 2014
      • Elion
        • Table Elion PSTN/ISDN outgoing call minutes - 2006 - 2014
        • Table Elion PSTN/ISDN subscribers - 2002 - 2014
      • Alternative operators
    • TELECOMS AND IT
      • Table Workplace network usage by network type - 2006 - 2011
    • WHOLESALING
      • Table Elion wholesale broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2014
  • INTERNET MARKET
    • ESTONIAN INFORMATION SOCIETY STRATEGY 2013
      • Legislation
      • E-government
      • E-commerce
      • E-education
      • E-health
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • OVERVIEW
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1998 - 2004
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Fixed-broadband subscribers and penetration rate - 2004 - 2014
        • Table Households with internet and broadband; penetration - 2005 - 2012
        • Table Elion fixed-broadband subscribers - 2006 - 2014
        • Table Elion fixed-broadband ARPU - 2006 - 2014
        • Table Proportion of broadband connections by data speed - 2010 - 2012
    • CABLE MODEMS
      • Table Cable broadband subscribers - 2003 - 2014
    • ASYMMETRIC DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (ADSL)
      • Table DSL subscribers - 2003 - 2014
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISE (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Table FttX broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2014
    • WIRELESS BROADBAND
      • WiFi
      • WiMAX
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile broadband subscribers by type - 2006 - 2014
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • OVERVIEW OF DIGITAL TV MARKET
      • Table Proportion of TV accesses by platform - 2008 - 2012
      • Digital TV
        • Table Elion IPTV subscribers - 2006 - 2014
        • Table Cable TV subscribers - 2011 - 2014
        • Table Viasat subscribers (historic) - 2005 - 2010
        • Table Satellite TV subscribers - 2011 - 2014
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • OVERVIEW OF ESTONIA'S MOBILE MARKET
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1998 - 2004
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Mobile voice traffic - 2006 - 2014
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Third Generation (3G) licences
      • Fourth Generation (4G) licences
      • 800MHz licences
      • 2.1GH licences
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Mobile number portings - 2008 - 2012
      • Mobile Termination Rate (MRT)
      • Coordination with Latvia
    • MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES
      • Digital
      • 3G mobile
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Eesti Mobiltelefon (EMT)
        • Table EMT subscribers - 2005 - 2014
        • Table EMT ARPU - 2005 - 2014
        • Table EMT mobile financial data - 2009 - 2014
      • Radiolinja Eesti/Elisa
        • Table Elisa financial data - 2008 - 2014
        • Table Elisa subscribers - 2008 - 2014
      • Tele2 Eesti
        • Table Tele2 mobile financial data - 2008 - 2014
        • Table Tele2 mobile subscribers - 2007 - 2014
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • MOBILE VOICE SERVICES
      • Prepaid cards
        • Table Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers - 2000 - 2012
        • Table EMT prepaid subscribers - 2002 - 2014
    • MOBILE DATA SERVICES
      • Short Message Service (SMS)
        • Table Total SMS messages sent - 2004 - 2014
      • Multimedia Message Service (MMS)
        • Table Total MMS messages sent - 2005 - 2014
      • General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
      • Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
      • High Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
      • Long-term Evolution (LTE)
      • Mobile TV
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Location-based services
      • M-commerce
  • FORECASTS
    • FORECASTS - BROADBAND SUBSCRIBERS 2010-2013; 2020
      • Scenario 1 - higher broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast broadband subscribers - higher market growth scenario - 2010 - 2014; 2017; 2020
        • Table Forecast broadband penetration - higher market growth scenario - 2010 - 2013; 2020
      • Scenario 2 - lower broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast broadband subscribers - higher market growth scenario - 2010 - 2014; 2017; 2020
        • Table Forecast broadband penetration - lower market growth scenario - 2010 - 2013; 2020

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