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Slovakia - Telecoms, IP Networks and Digital Media

Slovakia - Telecoms, IP Networks and Digital Media

Government rekindles plan to sell its 49% stake in Slovak Telekom during 2015

Despite market liberalisation Slovakia’s incumbent telco Slovak Telekom maintains a near monopoly of the fixed-line market. The company also dominated the DSL broadband sector, though this can partly be attributed to a pricing strategy which effectively prevented competitors from making a profit through local loop unbundling. Price gauging resulted in the company being fined by the European Union in 2014.Market competition has forced a number of mergers and acquisitions in recent years, meaning that the market is largely in the hands of a few dominant players. Following numerous delays, the government in early 2015 again acted on its plans to sell its 49% stake in Slovak Telekom, either via an IPO or direct sale.

Slovakia’s broadband market has shown steady growth in recent years, with effective cross-platform competition. A fast-developing FttX infrastructure and wireless broadband options, particularly from the mobile network operators, add to the mix. Digital terrestrial TV has been launched, with the public service broadcaster STV the first to complete analogue switch-off.

The mobile market is served by three MNOs which each have a pan-European reach. Mobile penetration is relatively high, at about 119% in early 2015. The introduction of mobile number portability in 2006 has increased competition between players. All MNOs host MVNOs, and though the number of MVNOs is small the market is growing steadily. Mobile broadband access and content services are developing rapidly in line with operator investments in upgrading their networks with HSPA and LTE technologies.

Key developments

Regulator auctions national 3.7GHz licenses for €1.7 million; DVB-T2 trialled, Slovak Telecom fined by competition authorities for imposing excessive wholesale access charges; UPC Slovakia’s Fibre Power service extended to ten cities; municipal FttP developments; Slovak Telekom launches a 300Mb/s fibre service; WiMAX Telecom bought by Slovanet; regulator calls for tenders for a fourth DTTV multiplex, tenders for FWA licences; M77 merges SkyLink and CS Link; STV ends analogue TV broadcasts; government proposes scheme for sale of its 49% stake in Slovak Telecom; GTS Nextra rebranded as BENESTRA; Slovakia connects to fibre DREAM cable; SWAN expected to launch LTE service by mid-2015; regulator concludes multi-band spectrum auction; Orange launches NFC-based contactless m-payment service; regulator’s market data to June 2014; telcos’ operating data to Q4 2014; recent market developments

Companies mentioned in this report

Slovak Telecom, UPC Slovakia, O2 Slovakia, BENESTRA (GTS Nextra), T-Mobile Slovakia, Orange Slovakia


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics Slovakia - 2014 (e)
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2014 (e)
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2014 (e)
    • Table Internet subscriber statistics - 2014 (e)
    • Table Fixed-line broadband subscriber statistics - 2014 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2014 (e)
    • Table National telecommunications authority
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • OVERVIEW OF THE SLOVAKIA'S TELECOM MARKET
      • Table Investment in telecom market, by sector - 2005 - 2013
      • Table Telecom market revenue - 2005 - 2014
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORY
      • Electronic Communications Act 2003
      • Electronic Communications Act 2011
      • EU Regulatory Framework
      • Revised NFR
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
      • Office for Electronic Communications and Postal Services
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION IN SLOVAKIA
      • Privatisation of Slovak Telecom
      • Interconnection
      • Access
      • Number Portability (NP)
        • Table Annual fixed-number portings - 2007 - 2014
      • Carrier selection and Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
        • Table Carrier selection lines - 2007 - 2014
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • OVERRVIEW
      • Table Fixed-line calls and traffic - 2006 - 2015
    • SLOVAK TELECOM
      • Table Slovak Telekom financial data - 2009 - 2014
      • Table Slovak Telekom subscribers - 2009 - 2014
    • BENESTRA
    • SLOVAK WIRELESS ACCESS NETWORK (SWAN)
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 - 2004
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2005 - 2015
      • Table VoIP lines - 2000 - 2015
      • Table Total international internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2013
      • Alternative operators
    • INTERNATIONAL CABLE
    • WHOLESALE OVERVIEW
    • CLOUD SERVICES
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • OVERVIEW
    • SLOVAKIA'S EMERGING INTERNET SOCIETY
      • Legislation
      • Government support
      • E-government
      • Infrastructure
        • Table Uptake of e-government services by businesses - 2004 - 2011
        • Table Uptake of e-government services by individuals - 2004 - 2011
      • E-health
      • E-education
        • Table E-education usage by individuals within the previous 3 months - 2007 - 2011
        • Table E-education usage by businesses - 2007 - 2011
    • BROADBAND STATISTICS
      • Table Internet users, subscribers and penetration rate - 2000 - 2015
      • Table Internet subscribers and penetration rate - 2000 - 2015
      • Table Dial-up internet subscribers - 2005 - 2015
      • Table Broadband subscribers and penetration rate - 2002 - 2015
      • Table Internet market revenue - 2005 - 2014
    • ASYMMETRICAL DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (ADSL)
      • Table DSL subscribers and penetration - 2005 - 2015
      • Table Slovak Telekom retail DSL subscribers - 2005 - 2014
      • VDSL
    • CABLE MODEMS
      • Table Cable broadband subscribers - 2005 - 2015
      • Table UPC broadband and voice subscribers - 2006 - 2014
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Table FttP/B subscribers - 2005 - 2015
      • Table Orange Slovensko FttX subscribers - 2009 - 2014
    • WIRELESS BROADBAND
      • 3.7GHz auction - 2015
      • WiFi
      • WiMAX
      • Satellite
        • Table Satellite broadband subscribers - 2006 - 2015
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile internet subscriptions by type - 2008 - 2014
        • Table Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2007 - 2015
    • FORECASTS - FIXED BROADBAND SUBSCRIBERS - 2013; 2015; 2020
      • higher broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast fixed broadband subscribers - higher growth scenario - 2013; 2015; 2020
      • lower broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast fixed broadband subscribers - lower growth scenario - 2013; 2015; 2020
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • OVERVIEW OF DIGITAL MEDIA MARKET
      • Digital TV (DTV)
        • Table Magio IPTV subscribers - 2008 - 2012
        • Table Magio TV subscribers - 2012 - 2014
      • Cable TV (CATV)
        • Table UPC - homes passed - 2003 - 2014
        • Table UPC TV subscribers by service type - 2003 - 2014
        • Table CATV market revenue - 2005 - 2014
      • Satellite-based pay TV developments
        • Table Skylink DTH subscribers (Slovakia) - 2006 - 2011
      • Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • OVERVIEW OF SLOVAKIA'S MOBILE MARKET
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1998 - 2004
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2005 - 2015
        • Table Mobile GSM/3G base stations in service - 2005 - 2012
        • Table Population coverage by technology - 2006 - 2014
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • GSM licences
        • Table 2G spectrum awarded in Slovakia
      • UMTS licences and third GSM licence
      • Fourth mobile network operator licence
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Annual mobile portings - 2006 - 2014
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTR)
      • Spectrum auctions
        • Table Multi spectrum allocation - Dec 2013
    • MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES
      • Digital
      • Third Generation (3G) mobile
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • T-Mobile Slovakia (Slovak Telekom)
        • Table T-Mobile subscribers - 2006 - 2014
        • Table T-Mobile mobile financial data - 2004 - 2014
        • Table T-Mobile mobile ARPU - 2004 - 2014
      • Orange Slovakia
        • Table Orange subscribers - 2007 - 2014
        • Table Orange mobile revenue - 2003 - 2014
        • Table Orange data ARPU proportion (historic) - 2008 - 2012
        • Table Orange blended ARPU - 2012 - 2014
      • Telefónica O2
        • Table Historic - Telefónica O2 subscribers - 2007 - 2013
      • SWAN
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS (MVNOS)
    • MOBILE VOICE SERVICES
      • Prepaid
        • Table Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers - 2000 - 2014
        • Table T-Mobile Slovakia prepaid users - 2004 - 2014
        • Table Historic - Telefónica O2 prepaid users - 2007 - 2013
    • MOBILE DATA SERVICES
      • Table Total SMS messages sent - 2003 - 2014
      • Table Total MMS messages sent - 2005 - 2014
      • Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
      • Evolved High Seed Packet Access (HSPA+)
      • Long-term Evolution (LTE)
      • Mobile TV
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS

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