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Russia - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Russia - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

The Russian telecom market is the largest in Europe, supported by a population of about 143.5 million. The market is dominated by the western regions where the main cities and economic centres are concentrated. All sectors have been liberalised, with competition most prevalent in Moscow and St Petersburg. The former holding company for Russia's incumbent telecom operators, Svyazinvest, has emerged as Rostelecom, with most regional players absorbed into the operator. Rostelecom subsequently merged its mobile business with Tele2 Russia, which launched mobile services in the important Moscow market in October 2015.

Telcos continue to deploy and modernise fixed-line network infrastructure to offer improved broadband services as well as a range of IP-delivered content. The government is investing billions of Rubles in a 200,000km telecom network which will provide a broadband service of at least 10Mb/s to thousands of underserved villages. Rostelecom has been contracted to undertake and manage the work.

Russia has also emerged as one of Europe's fastest growing markets for fibre-based broadband, with Rostelecom's own fibre broadband access network covering more than 33 million premises. By the end of 2016 some 60% of the company's broadband subscribers were on its fibre infrastructure.

Russia's recent economic woes, partly resulting from the ongoing global financial crisis and partly to difficulties associated with a range of sanctions related to the annexation of Ukraine, have impacted growth in the telecom sector.

This report provides an overview of Russia's fixed-line telecom and IT markets. It includes information on key regulatory developments, data on fixed-line networks, and an assessment of telcos' financial and operating performance.

Key developments

Rostelecom appointed the sole universal telecom services provider, contracted to develop telecom network offering improved services to 13,600 villages; Rostelecom Polarnet builds $2 billion trans-Arctic cable; report update includes the regulator's market data to September 2016, telcos' financial and operating data to Q4 2016, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

TransTeleCom, VimpelCom, ER-Telecom, MTS, Rostelecom, PeterStar.


1. Synopsis
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Market analysis
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Historical overview
5.2 Telecommunications Law 2003
5.3 Regulatory authority
5.4 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.5 Privatisation
5.6 Interconnection
5.7 Access
5.8 Carrier selection
5.9 Universal Service Obligation
5.10 Calling Party Pays (CPP) legislation
5.11 Local call tariffs
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Svyazinvest
6.2.1 Regional operators
6.3 Rostelecom
6.4 Central Telegraph
6.5 VimpelCom
6.6 Multiregional Transit Telecom
6.7 TransTeleCom (TTK)
6.8 PeterStar
6.9 ER-Telecom
6.10 MTS
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.2 New developments
7.3 Local
7.3.1 Central Telegraph
7.3.2 MTS
7.3.3 Golden Telecom
7.3.4 PeterStar
7.4 National
7.4.1 Golden Telecom
7.4.2 Rostelecom
7.4.3 TransTeleCom
7.4.4 ER-Telecom
7.5 International networks
7.5.1 Satellite networks
7.6 Data centres
7.7 Cloud computing
8. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Russia 2016 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2016 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2016 (e)
Table 4 Broadband subscriber statistics 2016 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2016 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Telecom revenue (RUB) 2003 - 2017
Table 9 Rostelecom (post-merger) financial data 2008 - 2016
Table 10 Rostelecom subscriber data 2008 - 2016
Table 11 VimpelCom Group financial data 2007 - 2016
Table 12 VimpelCom fixed-line financial data (Russia) 2007 - 2016
Table 13 VimpelCom subscribers by sector (Russia) 2008 - 2016
Table 14 ER-Telecom financial data (RUB) 2005 - 2011
Table 15 ER-Telecom financial data ($) 2010 - 2013
Table 16 ER Telecom subscribers 2007 - 2011
Table 17 MTS financial data (Russia, $) 2009 - 2013
Table 18 MTS financial data (Russia, RUB) 2011 - 2016
Table 19 MTS operational data 2007 - 2016
Table 20 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1998 - 2009
Table 21 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010 - 2018
Chart 1 Rostelecom financial data 2008 - 2016
Chart 2 Rostelecom subscriber data 2008 2016
Chart 3 VimpelCom group financial data 2007 - 2016
Chart 4 VimpelCom financial data 2007 - 2016
Chart 5 VimpelCom subscribers by sector (Russia) 2008 - 2016
Chart 6 MTS financial data (Russia, RUB) 2011 2016
Chart 7 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2002 - 2018

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