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India - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

India - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Sweeping reforms introduced by successive Indian governments over the last two decades have dramatically changed the nature of telecommunications in India. The Indian government has been proactive in its efforts to transform India into a global telecommunication hub.
The mobile market continues to be the main focus of the Indian telecom sector. India's mobile market continues to get the bulk of local capital expenditure as the operators expand their infrastructure.
India has the potential to become one of the five largest data centre markets globally. In the last few years, there has been a radical shift in the way Indians produce and consume data. A number of government initiatives and regulations will see further increased in internet users and enforce strict data residency laws that will require vastly more data centre capacity. There will a rapid increase in the rate in which on-premise facilities are being outsourced to third-party data centres, as the cloud computing, especially cloud computing continues to grow.
India has a huge national telecommunications network. A strong increase in telecom subscribers base has necessitated network expansion covering a wider area, thereby creating a need for significant investment in telecom infrastructure.
Indias telecom industry is expected to see a major expansion of its network infrastructure during the 2019 to 2022 period. Each of the top three mobile operators: Reliance Jio, Airtel and Vodafone-Idea are now planning to extend coverage to address a surge in data consumption.
The fixed line market in India remains highly underdeveloped due to the dominance of the mobile segment. Further, the number of fixed telephone lines is slowly declining as the mobile segment continues to expand.
As well as its huge national network, India's investment in telecommunications infrastructure over the last decade has extended to a heavy involvement in the international market. Under the leadership of international operator VSNL/Tata Indicom the country has been assembling an extensive infrastructure of gateways, satellite earth stations and fibre optic submarine cables.

Key developments:

The adoption of the Internet of Things (IoT) in India has been advancing slowly with Indian enterprises.
India has the potential to become one of the five largest data centre markets globally.
Indias telecom industry is expected to see a major expansion of its network infrastructure during the 2019 to 2022 period.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Aircel, Bharti Airtel, Loop Mobile (BPL Mobile), Vodafone Idea, Reliance Communications, Tata Teleservices, Videocon, S Tel, Bharti Telenet, Reliance Infocomm, Tata Teleservices.


  • Synopsis
  • Key statistics
    • Table Country Statistics, Major Operators and Telco Authorities – 2019 (e)
    • Table Top Level Country Statistics – 2019 (e)
  • Telecommunications Market
    • MARKET OVERVIEW AND ANALYSIS
    • REGIONAL ASIAN MARKET COMPARISON
    • BACKGROUND
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INVESTMENT
      • Infrastructure Projects – 2018 – 2020
      • Investment in Digital Projects
      • 2018-19 Telecoms Projects
  • Regulatory Environment
    • OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITIES
      • Ministry for Communications (MoC)
      • Department of Telecommunications (DoT)
      • Telecom Commission
      • Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)
      • Telecom Dispute Settlement & Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT)
      • Communications Commission of India (CCI)
      • Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY)
    • LICENSING CIRCLES
    • LICENSING – VNO'S
    • NET NEUTRALITY
    • ACCESS
    • FIBRE ACCESS
    • INTERCONNECT
    • GOVERNMENT POLICIES
      • 12th Five Year Plan (2012 – 2017)
  • Fixed Network Operators
    • FIXED-LINE STATISTICS BY OPERATOR
      • Table Fixed-line subscribers (millions) by operator – 2010 – 2014; 2016 – 2019
      • Table Fixed Line Service Provider by Rural, Urban Segment – 2018
    • BHARAT SANCHAR NIGAM LTD (BSNL)
      • Table BSNL fixed-line subscribers – 2002; 2012 – 2019
    • BHARTI AIRTEL
      • Table Bharti fixed-line subscribers – 2008 – 2019
    • MAHANAGAR TELEPHONE NIGAM LIMITED (MTNL)
      • Table MTNL fixed-line subscribers – 2010 – 2019
    • QUADRANT
      • Table Quadrant fixed-line subscribers – 2012 – 2019
    • RELIANCE COMMUNICATIONS
      • Table Reliance fixed-line subscribers – 2005 - 2019
      • SSTL (Sistema)
        • Table Historic - Sistema fixed-line subscribers – 2010 – 2017
    • TATA TELESERVICES
      • Table Tata fixed-line subscribers – 2011 – 2019
    • VIDEOCON
      • Table Historic - Videocon mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2015
    • VODAFONE
      • Table Vodafone Idea Fixed Line subscribers – 2011 – 2019
    • NTT
  • Telecommunications Infrastructure
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
    • STATISTICS
      • Table Fixed-line subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
      • Table Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity (historical) – 1995 – 2005
    • TELECOM TOWERS
      • Overview
      • Developments
    • RURAL AND REGIONAL NETWORKS
      • Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF)
      • Public Call Offices (PCOs)
        • Table PCOs in operation – 2003 – 2004; 2007 – 2018
    • BHARATNET / NATIONAL OPTICAL FIBRE NETWORK (NOFN)
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS (NGN)
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Background
    • SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS
      • INSAT
      • Intelsat
      • Thaicom (formerly ShinSat)
    • SUBMARINE CABLE NETWORKS
      • FLAG
      • Network i2i
      • Tata-Indicom cable
      • SEA-ME-WE 4
      • Bharat Lanka cable
      • India, Middle East, Western Europe (I-ME-WE) cable
      • Europe India Gateway (EIG) cable
      • Southeast Asia Japan Cable System (SJC)
      • Submarine cable developments
  • Data Centres
    • OVERVIEW
    • MAJOR PROVIDERS
  • IT Specific Developments
    • CLOUD COMPUTING
  • Smart Infrastructure
    • INTERNET-OF-THINGS (IOT)
    • SMART CITIES
    • ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
  • Related Reports

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