Hungary - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Hungary - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

As in many other markets in the region, in Hungary the number of fixed-lines, as also fixed-line revenue, has been affected by the changing consumer use of such services and by the trend for fixed-to-mobile substitution. Fixed-line operators have thus looked to fixed and mobile broadband services to boost revenue and have promoted bundled services offerings in a bid to attract and retain customers. Pursuing this strategy formed part of the reasoning behind Vodafone Group's mid-2019 acquisition of UPC Hungary.

The economic crisis of a decade ago also affected telecom revenue, though recovery since 2013 has improved disposable income among consumers and so helped revitalise sector revenue. However, financial recovery among telcos has been rendered more difficult by the government's telecom and utility taxes, as also by regulated measures on termination rates and roaming charges.

The government has struck deals with Maygar Telekom and a number of other operators under which the telcos are extending super-fast broadband access to underserved areas. For its part, the government agreed not to provide funding to competitors in specific areas where telcos undertook to provide network upgrades. Hungary now has one of the most developed telecom infrastructures in the region. Services based on 5G are anticipated shortly after the multi-spectrum auction to be held in November 2019, while the incumbent telco, which already provides a gigabit service to over a third of premises, is fast replacing its legacy copper networks with fibre.

This report provides an overview of Hungary's telecoms market, highlighting regulatory developments, the major operators, fixed-line network infrastructure and a variety of statistics.

Key Developments:

Amendments to Utility Tax encouraging operators to accelerate deployment of superfast broadband networks;
Government scraps proposed levy on internet traffic, continues with other telecom taxes;
9Amended access regulations incorporate fibre and cable infrastructure sharing;
Report update includes the regulators market data to June 2019, telcos financial and operating data for Q2 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies covered in this report include:

Magyar Telekom, Invitel, Antenna Hungaria, GTS-Datanet, B2B Europe


1 Key statistics
2 Regional European market comparison
2.1 Europe Telecom Maturity Index by tier
2.2 TMI versus GDP
2.3 Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
2.4 Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration
3 Country overview
4 Telecommunications market
4.1 Telecom tax
4.2 Internet tax
4.3 Utility Tax
5 Regulatory environment
5.1 Historical overview
5.2 Unified Telecommunications Act 2001
5.3 Electronic Communications Act 2003
5.4 Regulatory authority
6 Fixed network operators
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Magyar Telekom
6.3 Digi Telecom/Invitel
6.4 Monor
6.5 B2B Europe
6.6 Antenna Hungária
7 Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 National telecom network
7.2 International infrastructure
8 Wholesaling
9 Appendix Historic data
10 Related reports
Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Hungary 2019 (e)
Table 2 Change in telecom services revenue by sector 2009 2019
Table 3 Maygar Telecom's telecom tax contributions 2010 2019
Table 4 Change in the number of fixed-numbers ported 2009 2019
Table 5 Fixed-voice market share of subscribers by major operator 2011 - 2019
Table 6 Fixed-voice market share by minor operator 2011 2019
Table 7 Change in the market share of fixed telephony connections: PSTN, VoIP, VoCATV 2012 2019
Table 8 Development of Magyar Telekom Group's revenue by sector 2006 2019
Table 9 Development of Magyar Telekom's financial data 2010 2019
Table 10 Change in the number of Magyar Telekom's wireline subscriber base by sector 2008 2019
Table 11 Change in Digi Telecom's subscriber base by type 2016 2019
Table 12 Change in Digi Telecom's financial data 2016 2019
Table 13 Change in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity 2009 2024
Table 14 Decline in fixed-line voice traffic 2009 2019
Table 15 Development of international internet bandwidth 2009 2016
Table 16 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2000 2009
Table 17 Historic - Fixed-line voice traffic 2002 2009
Table 18 Historic - Development of international internet bandwidth 2000 2009
Chart 1 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Leaders (top tier)
Chart 2 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Challengers (middle tier)
Chart 3 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Emergents (bottom tier)
Chart 4 Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
Chart 5 Europe - mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 6 Scandinavia and Baltics: mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 7 Northern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 8 Southern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 9 Eastern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 10 Scandinavia and Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 11 Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 12 Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 13 Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 14 Change in telecom services revenue by sector 2009 2019
Chart 15 Maygar Telecom's telecom tax contributions 2010 2019
Chart 16 Change in the number of fixed-numbers ported 2009 2019
Chart 17 Change in the market share of fixed telephony connections: PSTN, VoIP, VoCATV 2012 2019
Chart 18 Development of Magyar Telekom Group's revenue by sector 2006 2019
Chart 19 Development of Magyar Telekom's domestic revenue by type 2010 2019
Chart 20 Change in the number of Magyar Telekom's wireline subscriber base by sector 2008 2019
Chart 21 Change in Digi Telecom's subscriber base by type 2016 2019
Chart 22 Change in Digi Telecom's financial data 2016 2019
Chart 23 Change in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity 2009 2024
Chart 24 Decline in fixed-line voice traffic 2009 2019
Chart 25 Development of international internet bandwidth 2000 2016
Exhibit 1 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 2 Access, the local loop and unbundling an overview
Exhibit 3 Number portability defined
Exhibit 4 Carrier selection and carrier preselection overview

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