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Germany - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

Germany - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

Market consolidation leaning towards a triopoly of dominant MNOs

Germany has Europe’s largest telecom market, supported by an affluent population of about 82 million. Both the fixed network and broadband markets are dominated by Telekom Deutschland (TD), though a number of significant players including freenet/Debitel, Vodafone, Telefónica and E-Plus have gained market share.

In the broadband market, the dominant DSL platform is being reinvigorated by TD’s focus on vectoring technology, though it continues to invest in fibre. This strategy is aimed at competing with cablcos while also reaching the government’s broadband targets for 2020. The greatly consolidated cable sector has invested in extensive network upgrades, offering widespread 200Mb/s services and the expectation of commercial services offering up to 400Mb/s. Faster broadband services are creating demand for new bundled offers while intense competition has seen prices fall dramatically.

The mature mobile market generates the largest proportion of revenue in the sector. In common with most markets the main area of growth is in the fast-developing 4G sector. The market is dominated by TD and Vodafone, though the acquisition of E-Plus by Telefónica, subject to regulatory clearance, would create a triopoly of MNOs with a roughly equal share of subscribers between them. An increasing number of resellers has fuelled competition and placed pressure on tariffs, resulting in lower ARPU. Regulatory pressure on voice roaming as well as termination rates will encourage operators to further step-up their development of data applications to improve profits.

The German mobile data market has enormous potential for growth following massive investments by operators to upgrade networks supporting mobile data services. The regulator anticipated future growth in coming years by auctioning spectrum in the 1.8GHz and 2.6GHz bands, as well as refarming spectrum below 1GHz for use by mobile broadband. Operators have fast-tracked the development of data-rich applications to improve profit margins as voice ARPU continues to fall in response to competition from resellers and regulatory measures on roaming and termination rates.

This report introduces the key aspects of the German telecom market, providing comprehensive data on fixed network infrastructure as well as on key regulatory developments including the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability, and carrier preselection. It profiles the major operators, and details the development of Next Generation Networks and the battle between the EC, the government and the incumbent on NGN access. The report also provides statistics and analyses on the mobile market, including an overview of the main operators together with 3G subscriber and mobile ARPU forecasts to 2015. It assesses the development of mobile data services and technologies including HSPA and LTE, as well as operator strategies to exploit data revenue in coming years. The fixed-line and wireless broadband markets are assessed, noting the various platforms including vectoring DSL, FttP, powerline broadband, cable wireless broadband, WiFi and internet via satellite. It notes the economic pressures which are encouraging major players to deploy vectoring technologies as an interim measure.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics - 2013 (e)
    • Table Telecom revenue and investment statistics - 2013 (e)
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2013 (e)
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2013 (e)
    • Table Broadband statistics - 2013 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2014 (e)
    • Table National telecommunications authority
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • OVERVIEW OF GERMANY'S TELECOM MARKET
      • Table Fixed-line investments, Telekom and altnets - 2005 - 2012
      • Table Telecom market investment: Telekom and altnets (regulator data) - 1998 - 2004
      • Table New entrants' market share of revenue, investment - 2008 - 2012
      • Table New entrants' market share of subscribers by sector - 2008 - 2012
      • Table Telecom market revenue by sector - 2009 - 2013
      • Table Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets (regulator data) - 1998 - 2004
      • Table Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets (regulator data) - 2005 - 2013
      • Table Telecom market investment: fixed and mobile (regulator data) - 1998 - 2012
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table IT revenue - 2008 - 2013
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORY
      • EU regulatory framework
      • Revised NFR
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
      • Federal Network Agency (BNetzA)
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION IN GERMANY
      • Privatisation of Deutsche Telekom
      • Interconnect
      • Access
        • Table Telekom Deutschland unbundled lines - 2008 - 2013
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
    • CARRIER PRESELECTION (CPS)
      • Table CPS, Call by Call and direct call traffic - 2007 - 2012
      • Table PreSelection lines - 1999 - 2012
    • WHOLESALE LINE RENTAL (WLR)
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • MARKET OVERVIEW
      • Table Historic - Fixed-line market revenue - 1998 - 2004
      • Table Fixed-line market revenue - 2005 - 2012
      • Table Fixed-telecom traffic, DT and altnets - 1998 - 2012
      • Table Fixed-telephony channels by type (VATM data) - 2006 - 2013
      • Table Fixed-telephony channels by type (regulator data) - 2010 - 2012
      • Table Competitor share of telephone channels (VATM data) - 1998 - 2012
      • Table Market share of altnet telephone channels by type - 2006 - 2012
      • Table Proportion of voice traffic by sector - 2005 - 2011
      • Table Altnet fixed-lines by type - 2005 - 2011
    • TELEKOM DEUTSCHLAND (TELEKOM, TD)
      • Operator overview and statistics
        • Table Telekom Deutschland domestic revenue - 2009 - 2013
        • Table Telekom Deutschland domestic subscribers by sector - 2008 - 2013
        • Table Deutsche Telekom Group financial data - 2005 - 2013
      • Structural review
      • Strategy
      • Sales and acquisitions
    • VODAFONE
      • Operator overview and statistics
        • Table Vodafone fixed-line revenue - 2005 - 2013
    • FREENET
      • Operator overview and statistics
        • Table Freenet fixed network subscribers by sector - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Freenet financial data by segment - 2005 - 2013
    • DEBITEL
      • Operator overview and statistics
        • Table Debitel subscribers data (historic) - 2004 - 2007
        • Table Debitel financial data (historic) - 2004 - 2007
    • BT GLOBAL SERVICES
      • Operator overview
    • TELE2
      • Operator overview and statistics
        • Table Tele2 subscriber statistics by sector - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Tele2 revenue by sector - 2007 - 2013
    • TELEFÓNICA
      • Operator overview and statistics
        • Table O2 Germany subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2013
        • Table O2 Germany financial data - 2007 - 2013
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Fixed lines in service by type - 2005 - 2013
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS (NGNS)
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Wholesaling
    • CLOUD DEVELOPMENTS
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • OVERVIEW
      • Government support
      • Government Broadband Strategy
      • Broadband developments
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1999 - 2004
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Broadband subscriber lines by type - 2006 - 2013
        • Table Broadband subscribers by platform - 2001 - 2013
        • Table Narrowband internet traffic in minutes - 1999 - 2012
        • Table Growth in broadband traffic, by month and year - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Proportion of DSL subscribers by provider - 2001 - 2014
        • Table Market share of broadband subscribers by provider - June 2013
        • Table Broadband penetration - 2001 - 2014
        • Table Broadband penetration by sector - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Broadband lines by data rates - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Proportion of broadband lines by data rates (VATM data) - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Broadband market share by data rates (regulator data) - 2010 - 2011; 2013
        • Table Broadband coverage by access speed - 2012
        • Table Broadband market share by operator - 2010; 2013
    • CABLE MODEMS
      • Table Cable subscribers - 2000 - 2014
      • Cable market consolidation
      • Regulating cable access
      • Cable players
        • Table Kabel BW broadband and telephony subscribers (historic) - 2010 - 2011
        • Table Kabel BW financial data (historic) - 2006 - 2011
        • Table Kabel Deutschland financial data - 2008 - 2013
        • Table Kabel Deutschland subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Kabel Deutschland RGUs by sector - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Kabel Deutschland blended ARPU - 2007 - 2012
        • Table Unitymedia Kabel BW broadband and telephony subscribers - 2006 - 2013
        • Table Unitymedia Kabel BW financial data - 2006 - 2013
    • ASYMMETRICAL DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (ADSL)
      • Table Proportion of DSL connections by provider - 2001 - 2013
      • Table DSL connections by provider - 2001 - 2013
      • Table DSL household penetration rate - 2005 - 2014
      • Telekom Deutschland
        • Table Telekom Deutschland wholesale and resale lines - 2004 - 2013
      • Other service providers
        • Table Versatel financial data (historic) - 2008 - 2011
        • Table Versatel mass market subscribers (historic) - 2008 - 2011
        • Table United Internet financial data - 2007 - 2013
        • Table United Internet subscribers by type- 2010 - 2013
        • Table Freenet fixed network subscribers by sector - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Freenet financial data by segment - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Telefónica (O2) broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2013
        • Table QSC financial data - 2006 - 2013
      • ADSL2+
      • VDSL
      • Vectoring DSL
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISE (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Table Households passed with fibre - 2007 - 2014
      • Regulating fibre access
      • Telekom Deutschland
      • Other developments
    • BROADBAND POWERLINE (BPL)
      • Energie Baden-Wurttemberg
      • Vype (Mannheim)
      • Power Plus Communications (PPC)
      • DREWAG (Dresden)
    • WIRELESS BROADBAND
      • Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • WiMAX/WiFi
      • Operators
      • Wireless LANS
      • Broadband Wireless Access (BWA)
      • PAMR
      • Internet via satellite
        • Table Satellite broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2013
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile broadband revenue, annual growth - 2004 - 2013
        • Table Mobile 3G data users - 2009 - 2012
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • DIGITAL MEDIA
      • Key general trends
      • Business models
        • Table Telekom Deutschland bundled service subscribers - 2010 - 2012
        • Table Subscribers to bundled services - 2006 - 2012
      • Regulator issues
    • DIGITAL TV
      • Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
        • Table End user access to TV - 2006 - 2011
        • Table Proportion of households with access to DTV - 2001 - 2012
        • Table DTTV penetration - 2002 - 2013
      • Free-to-Air (FTA) broadcasting
      • Public broadcasters
        • Table RTL Group financial data - 2005 - 2012
        • Table ProSiebenSat.1 Group financial data - 2005 - 2013
      • TV-over-DSL (IPTV)
        • Table Deutsche Telekom Entertain IPTV subscribers - 2007 - 2013
        • Table HanseNet financial data (historic) - 2007 - 2009
        • Table O2 subscribers by type - 2009 - 2013
      • Video-on-Demand (VoD)
      • Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
        • Table VoIP traffic in minutes - 2005 - 2013
        • Table VoIP connections - 2006 - 2013
        • Table VoIP traffic as proportion to all voice traffic - 2005 - 2013
      • Voice over Digital Subscriber Line (VoDSL)
      • Voice over Cable
        • Table VoIP connections over cable - 2005 - 2012
      • Personal Video Recorders (PVRs)
      • Cable TV
        • Table Cable TV revenue - 1998 - 2013
        • Table Cable TV investment - 2003 - 2013
        • Table Services based on cable TV connections - 2008 - 2013
        • Table Cable-TV subscribers - 2000 - 2011; 2015
        • Table Kabel Deutschland subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Kabel Deutschland RGUs by sector - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Kabel Deutschland blended ARPU - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Kabel Deutschland financial data - 2008 - 2013
        • Table Historic - Kabel BW financial data - 2006 - 2011
        • Table Historic - Kabel BW cable TV subscribers - 2010 - 2011
        • Table Unitymedia Kabel BW TV subscribers - 2006 - 2013
        • Table Unitymedia Kabel BW financial data - 2006 - 2013
      • Digital cable TV
        • Table Digital cable-TV penetration rate - 2002 - 2013
      • Satellite TV
        • Table Satellite pay-TV subscribers and penetration rate - 2000 - 2011; 2015
        • Table Sky financial data - 2006 - 2013
        • Table Sky subscribers - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Sky ARPU - 2008 - 2013
        • Table arena satellite pay-TV financial data by sector (historic) - 2006 - 2009
        • Table arena satellite pay-TV subscribers (historic) - 2006 - 2010
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • OVERVIEW OF GERMANY'S MOBILE MARKET
      • Table Historic - Mobile market revenue - 1998 - 2004
      • Table Mobile market revenue - 2005 - 2014
      • Table Mobile network traffic (per day) - 2005 - 2014
      • Table Historic - Mobile network traffic (outgoing/incoming) - 1999 - 2004
      • Table Mobile network traffic (outgoing/incoming) - 2005 - 2014
      • Table Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) - 1998 - 2013
      • Table Mobile network investment - 1998 - 2013
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Mobile subscribers by operator - 1995 - 2013
      • Operator market shares
        • Table Mobile operator share of retail revenue - 2008 - 2013
        • Table Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2000 - 2013
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Regulatory authority
      • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
        • Table Spectrum allocation overview - 2011
        • Table Germany's 3G auction winners - August 2000
        • Table Spectrum auction results (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) - May 2010
        • Table Spectrum auction assignments (800MHz) - May 2010
        • Table Spectrum auction block allocations (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) - May 2010
      • Roaming
        • Table European roaming charges - 2007 - 2016
        • Table European data roaming charges - 2012 - 2016
      • Number portability
      • Fixed-to-mobile call charges
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
        • Table Mobile termination tariffs by operator - 2007 - 2013
      • Network sharing
    • FIXED-MOBILE CONVERGENCE
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Telekom Deutschland
        • Table Telekom Deutschland mobile financial data (Germany) - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Telekom Deutschland subscribers - 2001 - 2013
        • Table Telekom Deutschland average consumer monthly churn (Germany) - 2009 - 2013
      • Vodafone
        • Table Vodafone Germany ARPU - 2008 - 2013
        • Table Vodafone Germany customer churn - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Vodafone Germany mobile subscribers - 2006 - 2013
        • Table Vodafone Germany - financial data - 2003 - 2013
        • Table Vodafone mobile customer cost - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Vodafone Germany - voice and data usage - 2005 - 2013
      • E-Plus
        • Table E-Plus subscribers by sector - 2006 - 2013
        • Table E-Plus ARPU by sector - 2006 - 2013
        • Table E-Plus net adds: prepaid/contract - 2006 - 2013
        • Table E-Plus annualised customer churn - 2008 - 2013
        • Table E-Plus - mobile market share - 2007 - 2013
        • Table E-Plus - revenue and traffic - 2006 - 2013
      • O2
        • Table O2 subscribers - contract and prepaid - 2005 - 2013
        • Table O2 monthly ARPU - 2006 - 2013
        • Table O2 revenue - 2006 - 2013
        • Table O2 mobile revenue by type - 2011 - 2013
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
        • Table Mobile service provider share of subscribers - 2006 - 2012
        • Table Freenet Group subscribers - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Freenet Group ARPU - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Freenet (mobile) financial data - 2007 - 2013
      • Regional operators
        • Table Drillisch financial data - 2011 - 2013
    • MOBILE VOICE SERVICES
      • Prepaid cards
        • Table Prepaid customer share of all subscribers - 2000 - 2012
      • Mobile VoIP
    • MOBILE DATA SERVICES
      • Table Mobile data sent - 2005 - 2014
      • Table Annual mobile data revenue - 2008 - 2014
      • Table Mobile data as proportion to mobile revenue, by type - 2007 - 2013
    • MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES
      • GSM
      • Third Generation (3G) mobile
        • Table German 3G network sharing agreements
        • Table Number of regular 3G subscribers - 2005 - 2014
      • Mobile Messaging
        • Table Historic - SMS annual message traffic - 1998 - 2004
        • Table SMS annual message traffic - 2005 - 2014
        • Table SMS sent per day - 2005 - 2014
        • Table MMS traffic - 2002 - 2012
        • Table Selected MMS launches by operator in Germany
      • General Packet Radio Services (GPRS)
      • Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
      • High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
        • Table Broadband-capable handset sales - 2006; 2010; 2015
      • Evolved HSPA (HSPA+)
      • High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)
      • Long-term Evolution (LTE)
      • Video over mobile
      • Femtocells
      • Mobile VoIP
      • Mobile TV
      • TETRA (TErrestrial Trunked RAdio)
      • Mobile content and applications
  • FORECASTS
    • FORECASTS - BROADBAND SUBSCRIBERS 2010-2012; 2020
      • higher growth broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers - higher growth scenario - 2010 - 2012;
        • Table Forecast fixed-line broadband penetration - higher growth scenario - 2010 - 2012;
      • lower growth broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast broadband subscribers - lower growth scenario - 2010 - 2012; 2020
        • Table Forecast broadband penetration - lower growth scenario - 2010 - 2012; 2020
    • FORECASTS - MOBILE MARKET - 2010; 2012 - 2015
      • Mobile ARPU forecasts
        • Table Forecast mobile ARPU - 2005 - 2010; 2012 - 2015
      • UMTS forecasts
        • Table Forecast UMTS subscribers - 2006 - 2010; 2012 - 2015

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